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Chapter 5: Invasion of Privacy. Types of invasion of privacy: Intrusion on seclusion or solitude. Public disclosure of embarrassing private affairs. Publicity that places individuals in a false light. Appropriation of an individual’s name or likeness for commercial advantage.

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chapter 5 invasion of privacy
Chapter 5: Invasion of Privacy

Types of invasion of privacy:

  • Intrusion on seclusion or solitude.
  • Public disclosure of embarrassing private affairs.
  • Publicity that places individuals in a false light.
  • Appropriation of an individual’s name or likeness for commercial advantage.

This chapter deals with various ethical violations of privacy.

chapter 5 invasion of privacy1
Chapter 5: Invasion of Privacy

The ethics of privacy

  • Decency and basic fairness
  • Topic must have redeeming social value
  • The individual’s dignity must be maintained even with the disclosure
chapter 5 cases
Chapter 5 Cases
  • Case 19: The Controversial Patriot Act
  • Case 20: Privacy in Cyberspace
  • Case 21: A Prostitute on Page 12
  • Case 22: Dead Body Photo
case 19 the controversial patriot act
Case 19: The Controversial Patriot Act
  • Facts– Empirical Definition
  • Values
  • Loyalties
  • Principles

John Ashcroft and President Bush were staunch supporters of the USA PATRIOT Act.

slide5

The USA PATRIOT Act was created to avoid tragedies like September 11.

  • Can the government tighten security without being so intrusive?
  • Does the PATRIOT Act violate American rights? In what ways?
  • Would you rather have your privacy or your safety?
case 19 additional links
Case 19: Additional links

USA PATRIOT Act – Read the entire act.

Justice Department – A summary of what the USA PATRIOT Act means to law enforcement and the courts.

Safe and Free – ACLU database of summaries, articles and analysis of the USA PATRIOT Act.

Civil Right Violations – Instances when the USA PATRIOT Act did not work.

case 20 privacy in cyberspace
Case 20: Privacy in Cyberspace
  • Facts– Empirical Definition
  • Values
  • Loyalties
  • Principles
slide8

How much about your past are you comfortable with being accessed?

  • What personal information should be available to the public?
  • Should private investigative services be regulated by law?
case 20 additional links
Case 20: Additional links

Private Detectives and Investigators – An official job description

Privacy Times – Learn more about right to privacy versus freedom of information

Investigative Resource Center – A starting point for online investigations

case 21 a prostitute on page 12
Case 21: A Prostitute on Page 12
  • Facts– Empirical Definition
  • Values
  • Loyalties
  • Principles

?

slide11

In just this past decade, the media has sensationalized their coverage of the murders of Jonbenet Ramsey, Nichole Simpson, and the White House sex scandal.

  • Identify the golden mean of news value for a community and the privacy of those personally involved.
  • If one applied the agape principle, what would be considered morally appropriate behavior?
  • Why should victims of circumstance endure punishment through a sensational account?
case 21 additional links
Case 21: Additional links

Missoulian – Read the paper involved.

Changing the Way Violence is Reported – Studies on the effects of sensationalized reporting on readers

Junk Food News – An article about telling the truth without sensationalism.

Public Service or Soap Opera? – A judge decides how many details of the Peterson murder case the public needs to know.

case 22 dead body photo
Case 22: Dead Body Photo
  • Facts– Empirical Definition
  • Values
  • Loyalties
  • Principles

Scanned photo here

slide14

News photographs of people mourning over 9/11, a plane crash, and the Columbine shooting.

  • Are photos of dead bodies cautionary of morbid?
  • What is the decent level of publicity for a tragedy?
  • Should the victim and/or the victim’s family have the ultimate say?
case 22 additional links
Case 22: Additional links

Californian – Read the paper that ran the picture.

Code of Ethics – The ASNE requirements for photojournalists

Ethics in Photojournalism – One man was dismissed for improper editing of photos.

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