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Fig. 5-1, p. 75. Fig. 5-2, p. 77. Cold deserts. Westerlies. Forests. Northeast trades. Hot deserts. Forests. Equator. Southeast trades. Hot deserts. Forests. Westerlies. Cold deserts. Fig. 5-3, p. 77. LOW PRESSURE. HIGH PRESSURE. Heat released radiates to space. Condensation

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Cold deserts

Westerlies

Forests

Northeast trades

Hot deserts

Forests

Equator

Southeast trades

Hot deserts

Forests

Westerlies

Cold deserts

Fig. 5-3, p. 77


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LOW

PRESSURE

HIGH

PRESSURE

Heat released

radiates to space

Condensation

and

precipitation

Cool,

dry air

Rises,

expands,

cools

Falls,

is compressed,

warms

Warm,

dry air

Hot,

wet air

Flows toward low pressure,

picks up moisture and heat

HIGH

PRESSURE

LOW

PRESSURE

Moist surface warmed by sun

Fig. 5-4, p. 78


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Moist air rises,

cools, and releases

moisture as rain

Polar cap

Arctic tundra

Evergreen

coniferous forest

Temperate deciduous

forest and grassland

Desert

Tropical deciduous forest

Equator

Tropical rain forest

Tropical deciduous forest

Desert

Temperate deciduous

forest and grassland

Polar cap

Fig. 5-5, p. 78


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Warm, less

salty, shallow

current

Cold, salty,

deep current

Fig. 5-6, p. 79


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On the leeward side of the mountain range, air descends, warms, and

releases little moisture.

On the windward side of a mountain range, air rises,cools, and releases moisture.

Prevailing winds

pick up moisture

from an ocean.

Fig. 5-7, p. 80


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Fig. 5-8, p. 81 warms, and


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Elevation warms, and

Mountain

ice and snow

Tundra (herbs,

lichens, mosses)

Coniferous

Forest

Latitude

Deciduous

Forest

Tropical

Forest

Tropical

Forest

Tundra

(herbs, lichens, mosses)

Deciduous

Forest

Coniferous

Forest

Polar ice

and snow

Fig. 5-9, p. 81


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Polar warms, and

Tundra

Subpolar

Temperate

Coniferous forest

Desert

Grassland

Deciduous

forest

Tropical

Chaparral

Desert

Savanna

Rain forest

Tropical

seasonal

forest

Scrubland

Fig. 5-10, p. 82


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Fig. 5-11, p. 83 warms, and


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Fig. 5-11a, p. 83 warms, and


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Fig. 5-11b, p. 83 warms, and


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Fig. 5-11c, p. 83 warms, and


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Fig. 5-12, p. 85 warms, and


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Fig. 5-12a, p. 85 warms, and


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Fig. 5-12b, p. 85 warms, and


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Fig. 5-12c, p. 85 warms, and


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Fig. 5-13, p. 86 warms, and


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Fig. 5-14, p. 87 warms, and


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Fig. 5-14a, p. 87 warms, and


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Fig. 5-14b, p. 87 warms, and


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Fig. 5-14c, p. 87 warms, and


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Ocelot warms, and

Harpy

eagle

Blue and

gold macaw

Squirrel

monkeys

Climbing

monstera palm

Katydid

Slaty-tailed

trogon

Green tree snake

Tree frog

Ants

Bromeliad

Bacteria

Fungi

Producer

to primary

consumer

Primary

to secondary

consumer

Secondary to

higher-level

consumer

All producers and

consumers to

decomposers

Fig. 5-15, p. 88


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Emergent warms, and

layer

Harpy

eagle

Toco

toucan

Canopy

Under story

Wooly

opossum

Shrub

layer

Brazilian

tapir

Ground

layer

Black-crowned

antpitta

Fig. 5-16, p. 89


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Fig. 5-17, p. 90 warms, and


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Fig. 5-18, p. 91 warms, and


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Ocean hemisphere warms, and

Land–ocean hemisphere

Fig. 5-19, p. 92


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Fig. 5-20, p. 93 warms, and


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Fig. 5-21, p. 94 warms, and


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High tide warms, and

Coastal Zone

Open Sea

Sun

Low tide

Sea level

Estuarine

Zone

Euphotic Zone

Continental

shelf

Bathyal Zone

Abyssal

Zone

Fig. 5-22, p. 95


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Fig. 5-23, p. 95 warms, and


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Fig. 5-24, p. 96 warms, and


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Herring gulls warms, and

Peregrine falcon

Snowy

egret

Cordgrass

Short-billed

dowitcher

Marsh

periwinkle

Phytoplankton

Smelt

Zooplankton and

small crustaceans

Soft-shelled

clam

Clamworm

Bacteria

Secondary to

higher-level

consumer

Producer to

primary

consumer

Primary to

secondary

consumer

All consumers

and producers

to decomposers

Fig. 5-24, p. 96


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Fig. 5-25, p. 97 warms, and


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Rocky Shore Beach warms, and

Shore crab

Sea star

Hermit crab

High tide

Periwinkle

Sea urchin

Anemone

Mussel

Low tide

Sculpin

Barnacles

Kelp

Sea lettuce

Monterey flatworm

Nudibranch

Fig. 5-25a, p. 97


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Beach flea warms, and

Peanut worm

Tiger

beetle

Barrier Beach

Blue crab

Clam

Dwarf

olive

High tide

Sandpiper

Ghost

shrimp

Silversides

Low tide

Mole

shrimp

White sand macoma

Sand dollar

Moon snail

Fig. 5-25b, p. 97


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Ocean warms, and

Beach

Primary Dune

Trough

Secondary Dune

Back Dune

Bay or Lagoon

Recreation,

no building

Walkways,

no building

Limited

recreation

and walkways

Walkways,

no building

Most suitable

for development

Recreation

Bay shore

Grasses or shrubs

Taller shrubs

Taller shrubs and trees

Fig. 5-26, p. 98


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Fig. 5-27, p. 99 warms, and


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Fig. 5-28, p. 100 warms, and


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Sunlight warms, and

Blue-winged

teal

Painted

turtle

Green

frog

Muskrat

Pond

snail

Littoral zone

Plankton

Limnetic zone

Profundal zone

Diving

beetle

Northern

pike

Benthic zone

Yellow perch

Bloodworms

Fig. 5-29, p. 101


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Fig. 5-30a, p. 101 warms, and


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Fig. 5-30b, p. 101 warms, and


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Lake warms, and

Glacier

Rain and snow

Rapids

Waterfall

Tributary

Flood plain

Oxbow lake

Salt marsh

Delta

Deposited

sediment

Ocean

Source Zone

Transition Zone

Water

Sediment

Floodplain Zone

Fig. 5-31, p. 102


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Lake warms, and

Glacier

Rain and snow

Rapids

Waterfall

Tributary

Flood plain

Oxbow lake

Salt marsh

Delta

Deposited

sediment

Ocean

Source Zone

Transition Zone

Water

Sediment

Floodplain Zone

Stepped Art

Fig. 5-31, p. 102


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