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Mobilizing communities to prevent violence against women & HIV/AIDS. Tina Musuya Center for Domestic Violence Prevention PO Box 6770 Kampala, Uganda Tel/Fax: +256 41 4531249 [email protected] www.raisingvoices.org/cedovip.php. CEDOVIP Building a movement to prevent VAW in Uganda.

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Mobilizing communities to prevent violence against women & HIV/AIDS

Tina Musuya

Center for Domestic Violence Prevention

PO Box 6770 Kampala, Uganda

Tel/Fax: +256 41 4531249

[email protected]

www.raisingvoices.org/cedovip.php


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CEDOVIP HIV/AIDSBuilding a movement to prevent VAW in Uganda

  • Underway since 2000

  • Based on the Resource Guide & SASA! developed by Raising Voices

  • Phased-in approach

  • Supported by NGO, lead by community members

  • Multiple strategies & activities


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Community Context: HIV/AIDSKawempe, Rubaga & Makindye Divisions

  • Low income areas in the main divisions of Kampala District

  • Unsupportive law enforcement, legislative, judicial, social services environment


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SASA! HIV/AIDS

SASA! aims to prevent VAW & HIV by addressing the root cause of both: power imbalance between men and women.

Start:foster the power within ourselves to address VAW and HIV

Awareness:encourage discourse on men’s use of power over women and the community’s silence about it

Support:help individuals and groups join power with others to give support to women, men, activists

  • Action:encourage community members to use their power to prevent VAW and HIV, resulting in new community norms


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Engaging the whole community HIV/AIDSto set pace for social change

Men part and parcel of SASA!, no separate ‘male involvement’ piece.


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Local Activism HIV/AIDSA team of 62 (half men & half women) every day activists engage men, women and youths through creative activities

  • Drama

  • Public events

  • Quick chats

  • Community conversations

  • Health chats

  • Soap opera discussion guides

  • Video shows

  • Community action groups


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Communication Materials HIV/AIDS

  • Using creativity & fun things like posters and comics to engage people spontaneously during their day to day activities, or to start a discussion with organized groups


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Media & Advocacy HIV/AIDSSpreading provocative facts & stories across the air waves, newspapers & in the offices of leaders & policy

  • Working with Journalists/Editors:

    • Build skills for more objective and ethical reporting

    • Give story ideas and facts, networking, and involvement

    • Encourage watch dog role

  • Increasing VAW coverage in media

    • Press conferences and press releases

    • Newspaper publications

    • Conduct radio and TV talk shows


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Training HIV/AIDSStrengthenunderstanding of VAW & HIV using interactive & provoking exercises including specialized training for health care workers

  • Modules

  • Exercises

  • Health provider interview guides

  • Games

  • Activities


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Why HIV/AIDSSASA! engages men

  • VAW is about men’s use of power over women – men must be involved for change to happen

  • Bringing men on board, alongside women, at the onset reduces backlash

  • Men need support to unlearn many aspects of ‘traditional’ masculinities and to create new positive masculine identity

  • SASA! explores men’s influence over their peers to have men take lead in creating equitable gender norms


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How HIV/AIDSSASA! reaches out to men

  • A benefits-based approach embedded in the dialogue

  • Effort to bring men on board as allies not perpetrators

  • Broader discussion of power and different types of power

  • Linking women’s experience of lack of power with men’s – and the implications of this

  • Avoids men vs. women discourse

  • Uses activities and at venues of interest and convenience to men – not the organization


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Where HIV/AIDSSASA! engages men

  • At their work places i.e. carpentries, garages etc

  • Leisure places i.e., drinking joints & video halls

  • Any of their hang out places at the trading centres

  • Sporting events

  • Through local and opinion

    leaders

  • Radio talk shows


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Reflections HIV/AIDS

  • Unpack GBV and focus on power imbalances between women and men to avoid setting a contest between VAW and men’s experiences of violence.

  • There is widespread justification of men’s use of power over women as natural and cultural, it’s a long-term effort.

  • Get practical! Help men explore ways to balance power in their relationship e.g. at home: help men to reflect on what a good husband is and how to be a good husband, the benefits of partners making joint decisions and how to do that

  • Meaningful change requires time, we must get better at learning what milestones along the way demonstrate progress toward ultimate goal


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Thank you! HIV/AIDS


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