Botswana poverty environment initiative briefing
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BOTSWANA POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE BRIEFING. UNDP-UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE (PEI): HISTORY. UNDP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE Supported by DFID & EC Grew out of WSSD, PEP formed UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT PROJECT: Supported by Norway & Belgium

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UNDP-UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE (PEI): HISTORY

  • UNDP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE

    • Supported by DFID & EC

    • Grew out of WSSD, PEP formed

  • UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT PROJECT:

    • Supported by Norway & Belgium

  • FORMED UNDP-UNEP PEI 2005

    • Redesign of UNEP P & E activities

  • Joint programming, budgeting & staff recruitment

  • Leading example of interagency co-operation


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UNDP-UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE (PEI): WHAT WE DO

Supporting governments to:

  • Integrate Environmental Sustainability into National Development Processes (e.g. PRSPs & NDPs) so that development is not undermined by unsustainable use of natural resources

  • Build National Capacity to:

    • Identify links between poverty & environment

    • Integrate environmental sustainability into national development processes


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UNDP-UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE (PEI): WHY WE DO IT

  • Unsustainable use of the environment reduces the social & economic benefits produced

  • E.G. People get sick & die, farmers grow less & earn less

  • Development is hindered by environmental damage

  • The contribution of environment to social & economic development is often poorly understood

  • Environmental sustainability not operationally integrated into national development processes (e.g. PRSPs): Words but not action.


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EXAMPLES OF POVERTY-ENVIRONMENT LINKS

  • First picture shows a grossly polluted canal in Mali

  • The 2nd is people living next to that canal & using this polluted water – because they do not have any other source of water.

  • So they get sick from water borne diseases & malaria – ie pollution causes sickness & the costs associated with that

  • The 3rd picture is of a very steep hillside in Rwanda – soil erosion is a major problem

  • Soil erosion reduces agricultural productivity & causes silting of hydro electricity reservoirs = decreased electricity production


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UNDP-UNEP PEI: COUNTRY PROGRAMMES

  • Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Mozambique, Mali & Mauritania

  • Experience in country PEI programmes = key lessons learnt & model for mainstreaming environment into development processes

  • Proposal to scale-up to additional countries developed & accepted by key donors (EC, UK, Ireland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, Netherlands)


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Implementation Approach

  • Country programme preparation (6 - 9 months)

  • Country programme implementation -Phase I (18-24 months)

    • Identifying links between environment & development

    • Operational integration of environment sustainability into national development plans

  • Country programme implementation - Phase II (2 years +)

    • Strengthening country capacity to integrate environment into development processes at national & sectoral levels

    • Strengthened domestic revenue base for environmental investments (reducing dependence on donors)


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Lessons

  • Need for comprehensive, programmatic approach to mainstreaming - a project approach will not work.

  • Deep engagement necessary

  • Focus on results not agency

  • Very detailed mapping of government macro & sectoral policy, planning & decision-making processes (“machinery of government”), institutions & individuals relevant to the national development process is required. ‘Development Intelligence.’

  • The Planning/Finance ministry must be an equal or the prime focal ministry in the process from the very beginning.


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Lessons

  • A realistic assessment of country commitment at different levels & in both environment & planning ministries is necessary.

  • Supporting a country-led environmental mainstreaming process has high transaction costs, because it is new, seeking to change government priorities & involves a number of ministries. ‘Stubborn persistence & attention to detail’

  • Detailed country-specific evidence on the links between environment, poverty reduction & pro-poor growth is needed to convince policy makers, economists & planners that investment in environment sustainability is worthwhile.


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Lessons

  • The application of integrated economic & environment project, programme & policy appraisals needs to become a standard operating procedures for planning/finance & sectoral ministries.

  • Developing a full partnership approach with key in-country donors is vital for long term success on several fronts

    • (Capacity building, sector mainstreaming, sustainable domestic financing for environmental sector)

  • Timely support from UNDP Country Office critical.


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Links between NDP, UNDAF and PEI

  • 10 KRAs including:

  • Sustainable Economic Growth

  • Sustainable Environment

  • Enhanced well-being and social responsibility

Vision 2016 (7 Pillars)

NDP 10 (16 Goals)

Sub-sector Goals: Economic, Social, Security, Administration

Ministry/Department, District Goals

  • UNDAF Clusters:

  • Governance and Human Rights Promotion

  • Economic Diversification and Poverty Reduction

  • Health and HIV and AIDS

  • Environment and Climate Change

  • Children, Youth and Women Empowerment

United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UN/GoB UNDAF & Programme)

UNDP/UNEP/GoB Poverty and Environment Initiative


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GoB/UNDP/UNEP Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI)

  • Stage 1: November 2008 – April 2009

  • To design aGoB/UNDP/UNEP PEI programme that contribute to the achievement UNDAF and NDP 10 Outcomes.

  • Key Activities:

  • Identification of key environment, growth and poverty reduction issues in Botswana

  • Institutional analysis and mapping of policy processes and initiatives, roles and responsibilities of GoB and development partners related to environmental issues within the context of NDP-10

  • Review NDP-10 and other relevant planning documents to identify entry points for mainstreaming environment into national sectoral and local level planning processes

  • Identify potential ‘champions’ in government, civil society, private sector, media and donors; focal points within government; and relevant donor and government-donor coordination mechanisms


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GoB/UNDP/UNEP Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI)

  • Stage 1: November – April 2009

  • Key Activities (continued)

  • Recommend effective implementation arrangements, e.g. establishment of an inter-departmental task team/steering committee/working groups that includes environment, planning/finance and key sectoral ministries.

  • Results:

  • Enhanced awareness of the links between poverty and environment and environment and economic growth and their contribution to national development priorities

  • Joint UN Programme to support the UNDAF and NDP outcomes that leads to improved integration of environmentally sustainable natural resource management in NDP-10, poverty and related sector strategies as well as increased resources for sustainable environment and natural resource management


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GoB/UNDP/UNEP Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI)

  • Stage 2; June/July 2009 – 2016

  • Implementation of GoB/UNDP/UNEP PEI Programme that contributes to the following UNDAF Outputs

  • Governance and Human Rights Promotion:

  • Effective coordination of collection, analysis and use of quality disaggregated data (statistics) in decision making

  • Strategy for the national statistical system developed

  • Economic Diversification and Poverty Reduction:

  • National and District Frameworks developed for local economic and social development in all districts

  • Regulatory instruments to improve poor people’s access to financial services and productive assets/resources strengthened


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GoB/UNDP/UNEP Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI)

  • Economic Diversification and Poverty Reduction (contd.):

  • Enhanced technical and oversight capacity of the Multi-Sectoral Committee on Poverty Reduction and the Socio-Economic Policy Sub-division of the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning to manage the implementation of the National Strategy for Poverty Reduction

  • Poverty reduction is mainstreamed into national and district development plans

  • Effective social protection mechanisms established based on vulnerability assessments, research and analysis.

  • Environment and Climate Change:

  • Environment and conservation mainstreamed into national development and poverty reduction framework


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GoB/UNDP/UNEP Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI)

Next Steps:

  • Identification of National and International expertise to facilitate the consultative process for development of draft Joint Programme

  • Agreement with Government of Botswana on the PEI framework including resources and staffing

  • Implementation, monitoring and evaluation within the UNDAF implementation framework


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Summary

  • Contribution of sustainable management of environmental natural resources to development priorities insufficiently recognised or integrated into national & sectoral development processes.

  • Consequently, development priorities, including poverty reduction, will be more difficult to achieve.

  • Environmental degradation is a serious issue in many countries in Africa and elsewhere

  • UNDP-UNEP PEI supports mainstreaming of environment into national & sectoral development processes to reduce environmental degradation to help achieve development priorities in a sustainable manner.

  • NDP & UNDAF key opportunity for a successful PEI in Botswana


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