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Bible Prophecy 101. An Introduction to the subject of Bible Prophecy. Week 2. Topic Outline. Recap Week1 Terminology & Definitions Framework (Key Events, People ) Old Testament Prophecy (Leviticus, Deuteronomy, 2 Samuel) Linkage to Other Scripture Application & Lessons for Us

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Bible Prophecy

101

An Introduction to the subject of Bible Prophecy

Week 2


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Topic Outline

  • Recap Week1

  • Terminology & Definitions

  • Framework (Key Events, People )

  • Old Testament Prophecy

    (Leviticus, Deuteronomy, 2 Samuel)

  • Linkage to Other Scripture

  • Application & Lessons for Us

  • Question / Answer Session


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Recap Week 1

Genesis 1:3 is a foundational prophecy

  • Let there be light… = God’s word immediately fulfilled.

  • This prophecy was also fulfilled by Jesus, the light of the world,

  • as well as by those who believe in him.

Genesis 13, 17, & 22 contain God’s promises to Abraham

  • The land of Canaan, today’s Israel, was to bepossessed forever.

  • The descendants mentioned in these prophecies not only included

  • sons Ishmael and Isaac, but in the long term, a singular person

  • Jesus and spiritual ‘children’ who share the faith of Abraham.

Exodus 19:3-7 speaks about God’s covenant to Israel

  • They were to be a special people, a kingdom of priests, a holy nation.

  • This same description would be applied to those who believe in Jesus.


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Key Point Brought Forward

All of these prophecies are fulfilled by

Jesus and extended to believers;

therefore,

YOU want to be a willing participant.


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4000 BC

2000 BC

1000 BC

2000 AD

0

Noah

David

Jesus

Adam

Moses

Abraham

Ourselves

Last week

Genesis

Exodus

-Judges

Leviticus

Deuteron.

This week

Samuel-

Malachi

N

T

Prophetic Framework - Timeline


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Framework - Key Events / People

God’s Creation = foundation prophecy/context

Last Week

Abraham called by God and believes,brings Seed promise #2

  • Genesis

  • Adam & Eve = prototype(1st vs 2nd Adam; Christ & church)

  • Sin entered the world, brings Seed promise #1

  • Cain & Abel = prototype(way of Cain; evil men kill the righteous)

  • Enoch prophesied against an ungodly world; taken by God

  • Noah preached rightness in violent, godless world (2nd Coming scenario)

  • The flood both destroyed and saved (divine act; dual, concurrent outcome)

  • Man still evil from youth upward, brings covenant of the rainbow

  • Tower of Babel = prototype(men build for own glory, but God thwarts)

  • Prediction of descendants going into Egypt (but to return in 4th generation)

  • Lot vexed by proud, materialistic, wicked Sodom (2nd Coming scenario)

  • Isaac miracles = prototype(Jesus’ birth, sacrifice & resurrection)

  • Isaac vs.Ishmael = prototype(children of promise are persecuted)

  • Jacob vs. Esau = prototype(God’s election; perpetual enmity begins)

  • Joseph = prototype(reconciles brothers, saves family, becomes Lord)

  • Jacob prophesied the future of his 12 sons


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Framework - Key Events / People (cont'd)

Last Week

Israel a chosen people = prototype (1st century believers)

Blessings for obedience prophesied, and are seen to be

fulfilled throughout Israel’s history

  • Curses and punishment for disobedience prophesied, and

  • are seen to be fulfilled in both Bible and secular history

This Week

  • Exodus to Judges

  • Moses = prototype(deliverer, miracles, man of God)

  • Deliverance from Egypt on exact timeframe, as prophesied

  • Dead Sea event destroyed and saved (divine act; dual outcome)

  • Law given by God = shadow of things to come (e.g., Passover lamb)

  • Manna and water from rock = prototype (bread from heaven, living water)

  • Case histories of Israel = written down as warnings & instruction for us

  • Joshua = prototype(name, victorious warrior, gains the promised land)

  • Judges = prototypes(save repentant people out of power of oppressors)

  • Ruth = another example of key women in family tree of David & Jesus


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Framework - Key Events / People (cont'd)

David’s zeal and faithfulness brings Seed promise #3

This Week

  • Samuel to Malachi

  • Samuel the prophet anointed and mentored first two kings

  • David was a man after God’s own heart, and wrote prophetic psalms

  • Elijah the prophet confronted king Ahab over worship of false gods

  • Micaiah the prophet predicted the certain death of Ahab in battle

  • Isaiah the prophet confronted king Ahaz, encouraged king Hezekiah

  • Isaiah foretold the Kingdom age and the suffering Messiah

  • Jeremiah the prophet confronted king Zedekiah and his false prophets

  • Jeremiah predicted doom/exile for Jerusalem/Judah, and a new covenant

  • Ezekiel the prophet (in exile) confronted his listeners, was a man of sign

  • Ezekiel confirmed Jeremiah’s message, and predicted restoration

  • Daniel the prophet confronted Babylonian kings and wrong decrees

  • Daniel saw long term visions of what will befall the people of Israel

  • Amos the prophet predicted a time when the prophetic message dries up

  • Zechariah the prophet described the ‘time of the end’ for Jerusalem

  • Malachi the prophet foretold a messenger to herald the Messiah


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Terminology & Definitions

  • Covenant

    • asolemn agreement or promise, written, spoken or both; can be conditional (e.g., God's covenant with Israel) or unconditional (e.g., promise to Abraham)

  • Partial Fulfillment

    • the terms of the prophetic message are only partly fulfilled, i.e., not all the details come to pass or only portions of the terms are satisfied (e.g., John Baptist fulfilled Malachi 4:5 in part only, per Matthew 17:11)

  • Complete Fulfillment

    • the content of the prophetic message is totally fulfilled, i.e., every detail comes to pass or all theterms are satisfied (e.g., last-days Elijah does come)


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Terminology & Definitions (cont'd)

What makes a

"good"

cross reference?

Suggested linkage:

  • same subject

  • same timeframe

  • comparable terms

  • similar details

22-23 Ezra

1.1-3

22 Jer 25:12

29:10, Is

44.28,

  • Cross References (e.g. in 2 Chronicles 36)

Remember: these

are only suggested

connections


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26

“If you walk in my statutes and...

Who spoke it: The LORD

When:Shortly after the 10 commandments had been given,

but prior to entering the land of Canaan.

Audience: Moses, as mediator for the people of Israel

Setting:The LORD is giving specific instructions to Moses for him to pass along to the people of Israel. Included were the rules and statutes and procedures and principles required for living together as the chosen people of God. This prophecy focuses on the blessings of obedience, and the punishments of disobedience.


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26 (cont’d)

{3} If you walk in my statutes and observe my commandmentsand do them, {4} then I will give you your rains in their season, and the land shall yield its increase... {5} And your threshing shall last to the time of vintage, and the vintage shall last to the time for sowing; and you shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land securely. {6} And I will give peace in the land, and you shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid; and I will remove evil beasts from the land, and the sword shall not go through your land ...{9} And I will have regard for you and make you fruitful and multiply you, and will confirm my covenant with you.

Points:

  • the blessings were conditional on obedience

  • the blessings covered basic areas of living (e.g. crops, safety)

  • and were to be enjoyed in the promised land

  • the blessings would come as confirmation of God’s covenant


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26 (cont’d)

...{11} And I will make my abode among you, and my soul shall not abhor you. {12} And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and you shall be my people. {13} I am the LORD your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves; and I have broken the bars of your yoke and made you walk erect.

Points:

  • the blessings included a restatement of the relationship promise

  • that God made to Abraham

  • there is reaffirmation that the LORD is the one Who delivered

  • Israel from bondage for a purpose, that “they walk erect’’= by

  • obeying God’s teaching, they would be right-living people


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26 (cont’d)

{14} But if you will not hearken to me, and will not do all these commandments, {15} if you spurn my statutes, and if your soul abhors my ordinances, so that you will not do all my commandments, but break my covenant, {16} I will do this to you: I will appoint over you sudden terror, consumption, and fever that waste the eyes and cause life to pine away. And you shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it; {17} I will set my face against you, and you shall be smitten before your enemies; those who hate you shall rule over you, and you shall flee when none pursues you. {18} And if in spite of this you will not hearken to me, then I will chastise you again sevenfold for your sins, {19} and I will break the pride of your power, and I will make your heavens like iron and your earth like brass; {20} and your strength shall be spent in vain, for your land shall not yield its increase, and the trees of the land shall not yield their fruit.


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26 (cont’d)

{21} Then if you walk contrary to me, and will not hearken to me, I will bring more plagues upon you, sevenfold as many as your sins. {22} And I will let loose the wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number, so that your ways shall become desolate. {23} And if by this discipline you are not turned to me, but walk contrary to me, {24} then I also will walk contrary to you, and I myself will smite you sevenfold for your sins. {25} And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall execute vengeance for the covenant;... I will send pestilence among you, and you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy...

Points:

  • the punishments were fitted to the level & kind of disobedience

  • the curses covered basic areas of living (e.g. crops, safety)

  • and were increased sevenfold due to unrepented sin

  • the curses effectively undid the blessings & covenant promises


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26 (cont’d)

{27} And if in spite of this you will not hearken to me, but walk contrary to me, {28} then I will walk contrary to you in fury, and chastise you myself sevenfold for yoursins. {29} You shall eat the flesh of your sons, and you shall eat the flesh of your daughters... {32} And I will devastate the land, so that your enemies who settle in it shall be astonished at it. {33} And I will scatter you among the nations, and I will unsheathe the sword after you; and your land shall be a desolation, and your cities shall be a waste. {34} Then the land shall enjoy its sabbaths as long as it lies desolate, while you are in your enemies' land; then the land shall rest, and enjoy its sabbaths.

Points:

  • the sevenfold-punishment theme continues

  • the personal, "I will..." disciplineby God continues

  • two specific predictions: parents eating their children's flesh &

  • the land lying desolate while the people are in captivity


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26 (cont’d)

{40} But if they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers in their treachery which they committed against me... if then their uncircumcised heart is humbled and they make amends for their iniquity... then I will remember my covenant with Jacob, and I will remember my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land... I will not spurn them so as to destroy them utterly and break my covenant with them; for I am the LORD their God; {45} but I will for their sake remember the covenant with their forefathers, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God: I am the LORD.

Points:

  • true repentance must come first, before survivors are restored

  • for the sake of His promises to Abraham (similarly given to

  • Isaac + Jacob), God is willing to reinstate the people of Israel

  • the "land" and "relationship" aspects continue to be important


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26 (cont’d)

Linkage

  • Blessings:

    • to enjoy a fruitful land (Josh 5:12, 24:13)

    • to possess the land (Deut 11:22-25, Josh 1:3-5, 21:43-45)

    • to experience relationship privileges (Deut 4:32-39)

    • to delight themselves in God's great goodness (Neh 9:21-25)

  • Curses:

    • to suffer from a ravaged land (Jug 6:1-6)

    • to lose the land, & go into captivity (Jer 25:11, 2Chr 36:21)

    • to experience relationship punishment (Amos 3:2)

    • to have horror ofeating their own children (2Kings 6:24-29)


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OT Prophecy - Leviticus 26 (cont’d)

Application / Lesson

  • God destroyed the people who rebelled (Num 16, 14:20-23);

  • their destruction is instructive for us (Heb 4:16-19, 1Cor 10:11)

  • God rewards those who obey Him, and the blessing is in the

  • doing (Jas 1:25, Jn 13:17)

  • God disciplines those whom He loves and wants to keep on

  • the right path. For example, He:

  • gave Israel righteous laws to live by, and punished them

  • when they strayed, for their good (Deut 6:24, Jer 32:39)

  • made Jesus “learn obedience”, and made him “perfect

  • through suffering”, (Heb 5:8-9, 2:10)

  • disciplines believers as sons, so that those who have been

  • trained by it will be people of righteousness (Heb 12:5-11)


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Genesis

Promise: bountiful land to possess, countless offspring, special offspring, privileged relationship with God

Initial Fulfillment: a great multitude brought out of Egypt by God to the border of the promised land; the nation of Israel becomes God’s chosen peoplebecause of the promises He made to Abraham, Isaac & Jacob

Exodus

Leviticus

Moses speaks forth God’s covenant conditions in terms of blessing (if obey) and of punishment (if disobey); the fulfillment of his teaching begins immediately

Numbers

A faithless people refuse to enter the promised land, and therefore perish in the wilderness. The stage is now set for the next generation.

The Outworking of Bible Prophecy


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OT Prophecy - Deuteronomy 28

“And if you obey the voice of the LORD your God ...

Who spoke it: Moses (as directed by God)

When: 38 years after prophesying Leviticus 26 (Deut 2:14)

Audience:the children of the disobedient generation

Setting: Moses was about to die, and was instructed by God to prophesy to grown-up children a message comparable to what he had spoken to their parents nearly 40 years earlier ; this 'second telling' to the 'next generation' is part of the entire discourse of Deuteronomy.


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OT Prophecy - Deuteronomy 28 (cont’d)

This prophecy is essentially an extension of the Lev 26 message:

  • it has the same structure of "if obey..., if disobey..."

  • it has the same ties to the covenants of promise

  • it expands aspects of punishment to include confusion,

  • frustration, madness, blindness, boils, robbery, rape, famine,

  • hunger, thirst, nakedness + continued, crushing oppression

  • it provides further explanation on how parents could be

  • driven to do the unthinkable: eat their own kids

  • it elaborates on how a God-sent, harsh, cruel invader will

  • destroy the land and enslave the people

  • it makes clear that the reason for such terrible things is

  • due to their blatant, continued disobedience of God's laws


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OT Prophecy - Deuteronomy 28 (cont’d)

The prophetic detail is amazingly specific, scary and sobering:

  • the "scatttering of Israel" will become an enduring "sign"

  • that they fulfilling the prediction of God's punishment

  • as a race, the Jews would be ridiculed, despised,

  • abused and persecuted wherever they went in the world

  • individual trauma and terror are expressed in frightening

  • terms (e.g.,"a trembling heart, failing eyes and a languishing

  • soul" , "your life shall hang in doubt before you;night and day

  • you shall be in dread, and have no assurance of your life")

  • the Jews will have no power to stop the outrages and

  • oppression, and no one will offer any help for their plight

For the text discussion of this chapter, see Week 2 Reference Material


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OT Prophecy - Deuteronomy 28 (cont’d)

Linkage

  • Blessings:

    • they were seen asGod's people (Josh 2:11, 9:24)

    • God drove out /gave rest from enemies (Josh 21:43-44,24:18)

    • all of God's good promises came to pass (Josh 21:45, 23:14)

  • Curses:

    • God's anger against them was kindled (Jud 2:20, 3:8, Is 10:6)

    • God gave them over to plunderers etc. (Jud 2:14, Ps 104:41)

    • evil deeds brought disaster after disaster (Josh 7:7, Ezek 7)

    • made a horror, a hissing, an everlasting reproach (Jer 25:9)

    • made slaves + continued in servitude (Joel 3:3-8, Neh 9:36)

    • all these calamities confirmed God's word (Dan 9:12-14)


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OT Prophecy - Deuteronomy 28 (cont’d)

Application / Lesson

  • Being a chosen people brought abundant blessing to Israel, but

  • also double punishment"for all her sins" (Jer 16:18, Is 40:2)

  • "They were broken off because of unbelief, but you stand fast only through faith. So do not become proud but stand in awe. For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you. Note then ...God's kindness toward you, provided* you continue in hiskindness; otherwise, you too will be cut off. And even the others, if they do not persist in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again…Lest you be wise in your own conceits, I want you to understand this mystery, brethren: a hardening has come upon part of Israel until the full number of the Gentiles come in, and so all Israel** will be saved " (Rom 11:20-25)

* = blessing conditional for believers too!

** = who share Abraham's faith (Rom 4:16)


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In the context of describing the siege of Jerusalem by Titus in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one mother was so reduced to madness and starvation, that she roasted and ate half of her infant son for food, saving the rest for another meal.

Wars of the Jews, Book VI, Chapter 3, paragraph 4 - 1st century record

* see Reference material for full story

The Outworking of Bible Prophecy

Deuteronomy's long range forecast of Israel’s history is not only proven outby Scripture but also bysecular writings:


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The Outworking of Bible Prophecy in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

Deuteronomy's long range forecast of Israel’s history is not only proven outby Scripture but also bysecular writings:

In this popular history book, writer Max Dimont "shows how the saga of the Jews is interwoven with the history of virtually every nation on earth…the story of a people escaping annihilation and cultural death, fighting, falling back, advancing. Infused with an almost miraculous life force, they have survived the death of civilizations…"

Excerpt from the back cover


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The Outworking of Bible Prophecy in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

Deuteronomy's long range forecast of Israel’s history is not only proven outby Scripture but also bysecular writings:

…a blazing report that goes behind the Iron Curtain to tell the truth about anti-Semitism in Russia today …. a story of overriding fear, of discrimination made more ominous by the Arab-Israeli hostilities, of a subtle persecution that strikes at the living heart of Jewry. These are their voices…the forgotten Jews of Russia as they tell of their fear, their despair, and their hope…"

Excerpt from the back cover


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Though incredible to believe that something like in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

the Holocaust could happen, it is a well-documented

fact of history*, and proves out the Bible predictions.

*read quote

The Outworking of Bible Prophecy

Deuteronomy's long range forecast of Israel’s history is not only proven outby Scripture but also bysecular writings:

The remarkable story of a young rabbi who was dragged away to one of Hitler's labor camps, and cried to God to protect of his family. Four years later, in a boxcar jammed with Jews, he was on his way to the extermination ovens. Then at the last possible moment, a dramatic escape.

Excerpt from the back cover


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The Outworking of Bible Prophecy in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

Deuteronomy's long range forecast of Israel’s history is not only proven outby Scripture but also bysecular writings:

This play is standard reading for English classes in American public schools.

"…a magnificent villain, the moneylender Shylock. In creating this character, Shakespeare seems to have shared in the widespread … despicable prejudice against Jews. Shylock would have been regarded as a villain simply because he was a Jew."

Excerpt from the Introduction, p.xiii


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The Outworking of Bible Prophecy in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

Deuteronomy's long range forecast of Israel’s history is not only proven outby Scripture but also bysecular writings:

Hours after a suicide bomb attack injured 15 Israelis in downtown Jerusalem, government officials warned that the vitriolic rhetoric at the United Nations conference condemning Israel as a 'racist' state may thwart peace efforts …"This is part of a collective campaign against Israel and the Jewish people worldwide" said Ruphi Pollack, a doctor at Kikur Holim Hospital. "We are under siege … you never get used to it. This is a terrible way for us to live".

Excerpted from "Israelis dig

in amid criticism, attacks"

Chicago Tribune, Sept 5, 2001


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  • Historical journal in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

  • Survey of history

  • Shakespearean play

Josephus:

Wars of

the Jews

Jews,

God, &

History

The

Merchant

of Venice

I Escaped

the

Holocaust

The Jews

of Silence

Today’s

Newspaper

  • Personal story

  • Researched report

  • World coverage

The Outworking of Bible Prophecy

Recap

all support and reflect the prophetic message

Therefore, fulfilled Bible prophecy provides credible evidence for the accuracy and reliability of the Bible.


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OT Prophecy - 2 Samuel 7 in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

“Now when the king dwelt in his house...

Who spoke it: God

When: around 1000 B.C.

Audience:Nathan the prophet, who is to pass along the

message to king David

Setting: King David thought it was great idea to place the ark

of God in a house of cedar rather than stay in a tent, and Nathan

the prophet agreed. However, God immediately came to Nathan

and gave him a completely different viewpoint, along with this

immediate yet far-reaching promise for the king.


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OT Prophecy - 2 Samuel 7 in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one (cont’d)

{1} Now when the king dwelt in his house, and the LORD had given him rest from all his enemies round about, {2} the king said to Nathan the prophet, "See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent." {3} And Nathan said to the king, "Go, do all that is in your heart; for the LORD is with you." {4} But that same night the word of the LORD came to Nathan, {5} "Go and tell my servant David, 'Thus says the LORD: Would you build me a house to dwell in? {6} I have not dwelt in a house since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, but I have been moving about in a tent…'"

Points:

  • David was given the blessing of obedience: rest from enemies

  • Nathan spoke (evidently prematurely) out of his own mind

  • The LORD quickly corrected him with a "Thus says the LORD"

  • Nathan now gives a truly-inspired prophetic message to David


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OT Prophecy - 2 Samuel 7 in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one (cont’d)

{8} Now therefore thus you shall say to my servant David, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over my people Israel; {9} .... and I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth...{12} When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come forth from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. {13} He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. {14} I will be his father, and he shall be my son.

Points of God's promise:

  • David (already great) would be made still greater by God

  • David's son (Solomon) would be established as king in his stead

  • (Solomon) would end up building the temple for God's ark

  • v.13's "forever" + v.14 hint at someone beyond (Solomon)


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OT Prophecy - 2 Samuel 7 in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one (cont’d)

{14}... When he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men; {15} but I will not take my steadfast love from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. {16} And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure for ever before you* ; your throne shall be established for ever.'" {17} In accordance with all these words, and in accordance with all this vision, Nathan spoke to David.

*corrected translation

Points of God's promise:

  • v. 14's wording continues to hint at someone beyond (Solomon)

  • David's house = his direct family

  • David's kingdom = territory comparable to today's land of Israel;

  • he ruled over all 12 tribes + had allies; Jerusalem was his capital

  • v.16's "forever" indicates a kingdom beyond (Solomon's)

  • v.17 makes it clear that Nathan got the message right this time


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OT Prophecy - 2 Samuel 7 in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one (cont’d)

{18} Then King David went in and sat before the LORD, and said, "Who am I, O Lord GOD, and what is my house, that thou hast broughtme thus far? {19} And yet this was a small thing in thy eyes, O Lord GOD; thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come, and hast shown me future generations, O Lord GOD! {20} And what more can David say to thee? For thou knowest thy servant, O Lord GOD! {21} Because of thy promise, and according to thy own heart, thou hast wrought all this greatness, tomake thy servant know it. {22} Therefore thou art great, O LORD God; for there is nonelike thee...

Points:

  • To sit in the presence of the LORD was unprecedented

  • David understood that God's promises referred to future things

  • In revealing these things, God made David a prophet (Amos 3:7)

  • These are covenant promises & reflect God's character (Ps 89:3)


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OT Prophecy - 2 Samuel 7 in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one (cont’d)

{23} What other nation on earth is like thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem to be his people, making himself a name, and doing for them great and terrible things, by driving out before his people a nation and its gods? {24} And thou didst establish for thyself thy people Israel to be thy people for ever; and thou, O LORD, didst become their God. {25} And now, O LORD God, confirm for ever the word which thou hast spoken concerning thy servant and concerning his house, and do as thou hast spoken; {26} ... and the house of thy servant David will be established before thee.

Points of David's prayer:

  • Recalls God's redemption of Israel, then driving out the nations

  • Rehearses the great privileges of being the chosen people

  • Asks for "the word thou hast spoken" (= prophecy!) to be fulfilled

  • Echo:"do as thou hast spoken" (Gen 1:3)


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OT Prophecy - 2 Samuel 7 in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one (cont’d)

{27} For thou, O LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, hast made this revelation to thy servant, saying, 'I will build you a house'; therefore thy servant has found courage to pray this prayer to thee. {28} And now, O Lord GOD, thou art God, and thy words are true, and thou hast promised this good thing to thy servant; {29} now therefore may it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever beforethee; for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken, and with thy blessing shall the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.

Points:

  • "This revelation to…" = reaffirms this is a God-given prophecy

  • David's response to this privilege & promise? Boldness to pray

  • Because God spoke it, the words are true + certain of fulfillment

  • "Continue for ever…" = this is an everlasting covenant (Ps 89:2)


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Outworking of the Davidic Promises in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

Linkage

  • 1Chron 28:1-8, 29:20-28, 2Chron 1:1-13, 7:11-22, 9:22-23 =

  • near term, partial fulfillment by Solomon, who despite the good

  • start, failed to heed God's teaching; he did not reign for ever

  • Is 9:6-7 prophesies a child to reign on David's throne and rule

  • over his kingdom in righteousness for ever; that passage is cited

  • in Luke 1:32-33 = the long term, complete fulfillment is by Jesus

  • Ps 89:19-37 assures David's line forever: "once for all I have

  • sworn by my holiness" = language like God's oath to Abraham

  • Acts 2:25-31 = David understood the promises as pertaining to

  • Jesus, so "he foresaw and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ"

  • Eph 2:19-22 and Heb 3:6 = the house[hold] of God was a temple

  • of believers built on and put together by Jesus, the son of God


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Partly Fulfilled by Solomon in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

Completely Fulfilled by Jesus

  • born of Bathsheba

  • beloved by God

  • declared king

  • sat on David's throne

  • built God's temple

  • had kingdom of peace

  • renowned in Middle East

  • wives turned away heart

  • LORD was angry with him

  • God raised up adversaries

  • kingdom was torn from him

  • kingdom was only temporal

  • figuratively God's son

  • politically chastised

  • born of Mary (David's line)

  • beloved by God

  • declared king (on cross)

  • will sit on David's throne

  • built God's house (church)

  • will have kingdom of peace

  • will be renowned in world

  • never disobeyed God

  • LORD was pleased with him

  • God sent angels to minister

  • kingdom was given to him

  • kingdom will be everlasting*

  • literally God's only son*

  • physically scourged*

Dual Fulfillment

* = best fit of 2 Samuel 7:13-14,16


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Born king of in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

the Jews

+

special

offspring

=

N

A

A

DAVID'S KINGDOM

N

A

C

Outworking of the Davidic Promises (cont'd)

Application / Lesson

  • Matt 1:1 calls Jesus "the son of

  • David"; it also calls Jesus "the

  • son of Abraham" = Jesus not

  • only connects two great men

  • of faith but links the 'promised

  • land' with 'the kingdom of Israel'

  • Rom 1:3 and 2Tim 2:8 = Jesus being "descended from David

  • according to the flesh" is a critical point in preaching the gospel

  • Even when a bonafide prophet like Nathan spoke, his words

  • were not necessarily God-given; in our day, we must check out

  • the Bible text for ourselves, to verify what is claimed (Acts 17:11)


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Review in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

Leviticus 26 was addressed to the people of ______.

a)If they obeyed God’s commands, they would be _________.

b) If they disobeyed, they would be _________ by God, in order to

discipline them and bring them back to the _____ way.

Deuteronomy 28 was spoken to the _____ generation of Israel

a)These grownup children were given the ____ message as their parents.

b) Parts of this prophecy (like taking possession of the ________ land)

were fulfilled in Joshua's time, while other parts (like being taken out

of the land into _________) were to be fulfilled in a later time.

2 Samuel 7 deals with God’s great promises to king ______.

a)Initially, this prophecy was partially fulfilled by ________.

b) However, a future fulfillment of this prophecy was by _____, and

there is still a significant part of this prophecy yet to happen.


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Key Point To Take-away in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

Bible prophecy

concerning the people of Israel

has been and continues to be fulfilled,

and

WE are seeing it happen today!


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OT Prophecies in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one to be discussed next week (you can read in advance)

  • Psalm 22- prophetic of Jesus when he was crucified and hung on the cross

  • Psalm 110 - prophetic of Jesus when he was exalted to God's right hand and made a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek

  • Psalm 83 - prophetic of the nation of Israel being the target of conspiracy and total destruction by neighboring Arab countries


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Question / Answer Session in AD70, the Jewish historian Josephus recorded a graphic story* of how one

+

To be continued...


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