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Unit 2 IDEALISM. Idealism. Most diverse Different kinds of Idealism Many different views. Idealism: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07634a.htm http://www.coping.org/control/idealism.htm http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761575556/Idealism.html.

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Idealism l.jpg
Idealism

  • Most diverse

  • Different kinds of Idealism

  • Many different views

Idealism: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07634a.htm

http://www.coping.org/control/idealism.htm

http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761575556/Idealism.html


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Plato - Founding Father of Idealism

  • The apparent world - The world in which we live; Flawed; Changes

  • Real World – World of ideas; Somewhere where there is absolute perfection, beauty & loveliness; Standard of perfection; Static

Plato: http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/plat.htm


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Doctrine of Reminiscence

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  • Knowledge is innate; sometimes is vaguely remembered; latent or dormant

  • Need to help people remember this lost knowledge

  • Spend all our lives searching for Truth

  • Thoughts come from the Real World

Immanuel Kant:

http://www.friesian.com/kant.htm


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Religious Idealists

  • Real World – Heaven

  • Supreme Being – Perfection

  • We must search out and develop the perfection of that Supreme Being

  • We have to look inside to find Perfection

  • Mission is to emulate the Absolute


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Dialectic – Critical Thinking

  • Thesis – a main theme, or point

    War is evil; Knowledge is power

  • Antithesis – (or opposite of thesis) –

    War is good; Power corrupts; Absolute power corrupts absolutely

  • Synthesis – Resolve the two

    War is evil and war is good

    Knowledge corrupts


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Metaphysics of Idealist

  • Nothing is real here—only in Real World

  • Apparent world is a reflection

  • Search for Ultimate Truths; want to know what is perfect

  • Ideas

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Epistemology

  • Ways of knowing

  • Major concern is how you and I can communicate with the Real World

    “Self” Communicates with “Absolute self”


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Epistemology: Coherence Theory

  • Is it harmonious with what you already believe?

  • If you believe it coheres with your concept of truth and the universe, then coherent and acceptable

  • If yes, then it coheres

  • If no, they you should reject the statement


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Epistemology:Introspection

  • Look inside yourself

  • The more you find out what is inside yourself the more you find out about the Real World

  • Prayer – communicate with Supreme Being

  • Intuition – a flashback to the Real World


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Introspection

  • Revelation – something which is revealed to us

  • Reasoning – advocates of the dialectic, reason things out


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Axiology - morals

  • Categorical Imperatives – Kant’s universal moral laws - “G”

  • If you don’t follow the rules, you get guilt

  • How do you know the moral laws?

    Reason out, and make harmonious with the “Real World”

  • The values are already there

See Civic Idealism: http://www.iscv.org/


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Axiology - aesthetics

See Larger

  • What is beautiful? The ideal!

  • What is good art & literature?

    Those things which have stood the test of time

    Artist make love, death, beauty go overboard perhaps better than it is.

  • What is good taste?

    Classic literature, clothes, music, etc.

Perspectives on Idealistic Art: http://www.painterskeys.com/getquotes.asp?fname=fl&ID=138


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Idealism

  • Idealism is interested in those things that have stood the test of time

  • “What exists or has being is not matter; it is Spirit, Idea, or God”

  • The existence of anything being dependent upon a perceiving mind.

  • Heavy dose of literature and history

  • Science is at the secondary level

Other thoughts on Idealism: http://www.annabelle.net/topics/idealism.php


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American Idealism

  • Norman Rockwell

    Freedom of Speech

    Illustration for

    The Saturday Evening Post, February 20, 1943


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