Track One of Diplomacy : Official government-to-government diplomatic interaction. Example: The official American embassy has a meeting with the official Cambodian embassy to discuss political affairs.
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Track One of Diplomacy: Official government-to-government diplomatic interaction
Example:The official American embassy has a meeting with the official Cambodian embassy to discuss political affairs.
Theory based upon Conflict Research Consortiumhttp://www.colorado.edu/conflict/peace/treatment/track1.htm
Joseph A. Mussomeli United StatesAmbassador to the Kingdom of Cambodia.
Photo source: http://phnompenh.usembassy.gov/ambassador.html
OurExamples of Pros and Cons:
Pro: They have more power than an individual. Since governments generally have power over the general public, the governments can possibly do some good for their people.
Con: Governments can become corrupt, and government to government interaction can possibly become non-diplomatic; for example, under the role of Pol Pot the government did not serve the people and human rights were violated. When we visited Cambodia, people asked us – “Where was America during the war?” Recently, Ambassador Mussomeli has helped prosecute American sex predators.(http://phnompenh.usembassy.gov/pr_021207.html)
Photo Source: www.news.yahoo.com
“Following an investigation involving U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the Cambodian National Police (CNP), and the Department of State's Diplomatic Security Service (DSS), Pepe was arrested by the CNP in June 2006. According to the affidavit filed in the case, the investigation began after two non-governmental organizations alleged that Pepe had raped and sexually abused local children using bondage, drugs, and beatings.”(news release from: http://phnompenh.usembassy.gov/pr_021207.html)
AFP/File Photo from yahoo news
“A retired US Marines captain was in custody here after being expelled from Cambodia for allegedly sexually abusing children in the Southeast Asian nation, justice officials said.” (www.newsyahoo.com – Feb. 9, 2007)
Track Two of Diplomacy:“Unofficial, non-governmental, analytical, policy-oriented, problem-solving efforts by skilled, educated, experienced & informed private citizens interacting with private citizens.”
Photo of YSC and RCTC
Theory from the Conflict Research Consortium -- http://www.colorado.edu/conflict/peace/treatment/track2.htm
Theory from the Conflict Research Consortium -- http://www.colorado.edu/conflict/peace/treatment/track3.htm
Pro:Brings jobs to boost the economy. We saw a Gap Factory when we were in Cambodia.
Con: If the infrastructure can’t support the national corporation, it may lead to exploitation of unfair wages and poor working conditions. Also, small businesses are at risk of being bought out or exploited, unless they can find an exporter that will be fair. The solution to this could be using the fair trade models. “The fair trade movement is a global network of producers, traders, marketers, advocates and consumers focused on building equitable trading relationships between consumers and the world's most economically disadvantaged artisans and farmers.” (http://www.world-shoppe.com/FairTrade.htm)
Track Four:“Citizen-to-citizen exchange programs of all kinds, such as scientific, cultural, academic, educational, student, film, music, art, sports, & youth exchanges.”
Theory from the Conflict Research Consortium -- http://www.colorado.edu/conflict/peace/treatment/track4.htm
"Track Five: Media-to-media based efforts designed to expose and educate large segments of the population in conflict to the philosophy, ideas, culture and needs of the other national, society, or ethnic group with whom they are in conflict."