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Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education. Improving Our Future by Degrees in Oklahoma’s Second Century TRENDS THAT ARE CHANGING GRANTWRITING. Dr. Linda Mason GRANT WRITING AND EXTERNAL FUNDING ASSISTANCE. The world of grants is emerging and changing rapidly!

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Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education

Improving Our Future by Degrees

in

Oklahoma’s Second Century

TRENDS THAT ARE CHANGING GRANTWRITING

Dr. Linda Mason

GRANT WRITING AND EXTERNAL FUNDING ASSISTANCE


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The world of grants is emerging and changing rapidly!

In 1850, it was considered totally inappropriate for government to fund research! In 1950, the NSF was very new, a new concept.


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PROFESSION

Trend 1

Grantwriting has Become a Distinct Profession


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PROFESSION

One Indicator is Professional Associations

  • NCURA (National Council for University Research Administration)

  • SRA (Society for Research Administration, International)

  • NORDP (National Organization of Research Development Professionals)

  • AAGP (American Association of Grant Professionals)


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PROFESSION

  • Certification programs – CRA (Certified Research Administrator)

  • Courses offered in degrees

    • Google: Where can I take a grant writing course? got 2,530,000hits!!!

  • Nonprofit management degree programs

    • OCU MS in Nonprofit Management and Leadership, TCC – AA in Community Services

    • Google: Degrees in nonprofit management (6-2-10)

      got 266,000 hits!!!!

  • Research administration degree programs

    - Google: Degrees in research administration (6-2-10) got 5,340,000 hits!

  • Local and national grant trainers

  • Grant training organizations

  • Careers


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Children today may grow up to become grantwriters and research administrators.


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OPPORTUNISTS

Trend 2

Opportunists Have Emerged


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OPPORTUNISTS

  • Hucksters – television and newspaper ads: books, seminars, dvd’s on how to get “free government money”

  • Google search reveals many advertisers!

  • Vendors writing grants for repeat submissions


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COMPETITION

Trend 3

More Competition

for Funds


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COMPETITION

  • More nonprofit organizations –

    1992 – 516,554 public charities

    2007 – 1,209,500 …. 200+% increase

  • Privatization

  • “Friends” groups


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COMPETITION

  • NSF proposal funding rate in 2001 was 31%; 2008 was down to 25%, because of the increase of proposals submitted.

  • 40% increase in # of proposals submitted between 2001 & 2008


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COMPETITION

  • As the population increases,

    needs increase.

  • As social services decrease,

    private funding increases.

  • As the proposals increase, the

    competition increases.


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BETTER WRITING

Trend 4

Better Proposals


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BETTER WRITING

  • Partly result of increased competition

  • Partly result of professional improvements

  • Partly result of increased giving

  • Funders focusing on measurable results for their $


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BETTER WRITING

10 Years NSF Funding Increase

  • 1999 Oklahoma $17,309,000

  • 2009 Oklahoma $46,760,000


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INTERNET INFLUENCE

Trend 5

Internet


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INTERNET INFLUENCE

  • HUGE impact!

    Everyone has

    access to

    everything!


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INTERNET INFLUENCE

  • Information online:

    • The Foundation Center,

    • Catalog of Domestic Assistance, Grants.gov,

    • agency and foundation websites,

    • listserves and

    • electronic newsletters

  • Internet replacing libraries and the “go to” practice


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    INTERNET INFLUENCE

    • Email and uploading replacing mailing and “send” mentality – RFP’s, proposals, information about the agency, recruitment, matching interests and opportunities

    • Internet training – webcasts, podcasts, videoconferences

    • Writing on computers – cutting and pasting


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    INTERNET INFLUENCE

    • Dissemination - Email and uploading replacing mailings - recruitment, marketing, educating, sharing, cloud computing

    • Internet dissemination – webcasts, podcasts, videoconferences, twitter tweets, social networks


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    RESOURCES INCREASING

    Trend 6

    Grant Resources Growing


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    RESOURCES INCREASING

    • Charitable giving is now at an all-time high. In 2007, donations to America's charities topped $300 billion for the first time.

    • Foundation giving is at an all time high.


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    RESOURCES INCREASING

    • Federal Agencies have increased R&D over the last decade, in spite of the economy.

    • Stimulus funding has increased federal research by exponential amounts - Final stimulus bill provided $21.5 billion for federal R&D spread over all the major grant agencies

      Resource: AAAS, www.aaas.org/spp/rd, March 23, 2009


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    RESOURCES INCREASING

    • Oklahoma has dramatically increased R&D over the past 5 years: OCAST, EDGE, State Agencies, Oklahoma based foundations---all increased in giving.

    • Over $350 million in contributions for endowed chairs in Oklahoma higher education 2008 to 2010.


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    FOUNDATIONS

    Trend 7

    Foundations are Growing


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    FOUNDATIONS

    • Fastest growing changes in giving of any private source.

    • Between 1975 and 2005, foundation giving increased by 475%, corporate giving by 185%

    • Market increases – assets growing

    • 2003 Foundations $476 billion

    • 2005 Federal Government Grants $440 billion


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    COLLABORATIONS

    Trend 8

    Collaborations are the Norm


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    COLLABORATIONS

    • Funding agencies know that partnerships create broader impact and provide multiple resource and skill sets

    • Grant seekers know each other and work to achieve the same goal


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    COLLABORATIONS

    Examples of Required Collaborations

    • Undergraduate students

    • Partners in other universities

    • Interdisciplinary fields

    • Corporations & community agencies

    • Degree pipelines:

      K-12 → cc → univ → grad → corporate & community

    • Technology dissemination – for public

    • NSF data management plan requirement


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    COLLABORATIONS

    • Fewer than 25% of research grants are awarded to individual researchers.

    • Funders want to see a broad impact for their funds – more bang for the buck!

    • Funding agencies know that partnerships create broader impact and provide multiple resource and skill sets.

    • More funders want to participate with other funders---several sponsors for one large project.


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    COLLABORATIONS

    • Large funders are partnering for more in-depth research and projects

      Example: NSF has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Department of Defense that would allow researchers to apply for grants to study subjects that may be of interest to U.S. national security.

      • religious fundamentalism

      • terrorism

      • cultural change


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    COLLABORATIONS

    • Grant seekers know each other and work to achieve the same goal.

      Example: K-20 Center at OU has multiple partners and funders

      - 500 OK Communities/School Systems - Microsoft

      - Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation - Temple University

      - Sam Noble Museum - NSF

      - Oklahoma Educational Technology Trust - Sasaki Institute

      - League of Professional Schools, U of GA OU – multiple programs

      - National School Reform Faculty, Bloomington Indiana

      - Secondary Schools Network, U of Amsterdam


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    COLLABORATIONS

    Funders support local, state and national initiatives.


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    COLLABORATIONS

    Federal Initiative - to serve, to involve, Hispanics and Native Americans.

    Federal Initiative – to serve, to involve undergraduate students

    Federal Initiative – to serve, to involve K-12 students and teachers

    Federal Initiative – to graduate more students from college


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    ACCOUNTABILITY

    Trend 9

    Funders are demanding more accountability!


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    ACCOUNTABILITY

    ARRA requires far more oversight and monitoring of funds than any federal grant funds to date.

    In 2009, $280 billion from the 10 largest grant making agencies were monitored:

    • Subrecipients’ reports

    • Quarterly reports

    • Public posting of reports


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    ACCOUNTABILITY

    Example: NSF reported 98% successful reporting of ARRA funded grants.

    • January 2010 reported only 14/4,535 awardees made no report

    • 1 uncorrected significant error

      …..so…..

      What’s good for the goose is good for the gander!


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    ACCOUNTABILITY

    Funders demand evaluation plans

    in the proposals.

    • Most federal funding agencies

    • Foundations

    • Corporations

      See https://www.cfda.gov/?static=grants&s=generalinfo&mode=list&tabmode=list


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    ACCOUNTABILITY

    Federal agencies evaluating

    the effect of federal grant-funded research:

    STAR METRICS: New Way to Measure the Impact of Federally Funded Research

    National Institutes of Health (NIH)

    National Science Foundation (NSF)

    White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)

    See http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=117042&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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    ACCOUNTABILITY

    • Federal agencies discussing qualifications standards for grant workforces.

    • NSF predicts 3-5 years for government-wide qualifications requirements.

      Federal Grants Management Handbook, www.Thompson.com, June 2010.


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    ACCOUNTABILITY

    • Required training:

      Ethics and the Responsible Conduct of Research

    • NSF 2009 requirement

    • NIH 1990 requirement

      Federal Grants Management Handbook, www.Thompson.com, June 2010.


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    ACCOUNTABILITY

    • IRB – Internal Review Board (1974)

    • IACUC – Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (1966)

      See http://www.fda.gov/scienceresearch/specialtopics/runningclinicaltrials/guidancesinformationsheetsandnotices/ucm113709.htm and http://www.iacuc.org/.


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    FAITH BASED

    Trend 10

    Faith-Based and Neighborhood Initiatives Continue

    See http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ofbnp/offices/federal


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    FAITH BASED

    • Federal Faith-Based Initiatives –

      12 Federal Centers for Faith-based and Community Initiatives

      Department of Labor (DOL) Center

      Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Center

      Department of Agriculture

      Department of Commerce

      Department of Education

      Department of Health and Human Services

      Housing and Urban Development

      Department of Justice

      Department of Veterans Affairs

      Small Business Administration

      Corporation for National and Community Service

      US Agency for International Development

      See http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ofbnp/offices/federal


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    • Resources for Faith-Based and Community Organizations

      For a compilation of resources for faith-based and community organizations, see http://transparency.cit.nih.gov/fbci/index.cfm.

    • Advice of the President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships

      See http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ofbnp-council-final-report.pdf


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    • State and City Faith-Based Initiatives - Today 30 states have their own faith-based and community initiatives. Additionally, more than 70 mayors of both parties have similar programs at the municipal level.

    • See http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ofbnp/offices/states


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    • Volunteers - Of the 60 million people who give their time to others, more than one-third do so through faith-based groups.

    • Value volunteer time – federal rate for volunteers is $20.25/hour

    • Oklahoma 2008 rate for volunteers was $17.05/hour


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    • Mingling- Federal competitive awards are expanding the good work of both faith-based and community organizations across America and beyond.

      State offices for Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships: Oklahoma

      Robin Jones Director, Oklahoma Office of

      Faith-based and Community Initiatives Phone: (405) 522-0606 Email:  [email protected]

    • See http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ofbnp/offices/states


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    FAITH BASED

    • Areas of Faith Based Strengths:

      Addiction Recovery

      Prisoner Re-entry

      At-Risk Youth

      Community Health Services

      Homelessness

      Global Health

      Disadvantaged Students

      Disasters

      Economic Development

      Hunger

      Veterans

    • See http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ofbnp/about


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    TRENDS: So what?

    Why look at trends?

    • Focus on your strengths fit trends.

    • Make your proposal a notch above the good.

    • Make your proposal “hot”

    • Use best practices

    • Give more


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    Contact:

    Linda Mason, Ed.D.

    405-225-9486

    [email protected]

    http://www.okhighered.org/grant-opps/

    IP: 164.58.250.178

    COORDINATOR FOR GRANT WRITING AND EXTERNAL FUNDING TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE


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