Average: 80.3. The Prisoners’ Dilemma and the Liberal Tragedy. Lecture 9. The Liberal Vision: International Politics as Tragedy. All Countries Lose From War. Therefore, All Countries Would Gain If All Would Prepare Less for and Engage in Fewer Wars.
2,2 (Arms Race)
4,1 (India Advantage)
1,4 (Pakistan Advantage)
3,3 (Stable Balance)
Iterated PlayRepeated Play of the Game Without a Known End Point.
Tit-For-Tat StrategiesDecentralized Enforcement Mechanism.
Alters Calculation of Payoffs
Single Play: One Time Payoff
Repeated Play: Stream of Payoffs Over Time
Stream of Payoffs > One Time Payoff
Becomes Rational To Play a Cooperative Strategy
International Organizations Help Promote Transformation.
Provide Rule-Based Structure for Interaction.
Provide High Quality and Potentially Unbiased Information About Behavior of Others.
Help Ensure that Retaliation/ Enforcement is Proportional.
Prevent Vicious CyclesIs There a Way to Escape The Dilemma?