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California Statewide Family to Family Convening PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Anna Marjavi [email protected] Leiana Kinnicutt [email protected] California Statewide Family to Family Convening. Preventing Teen Dating Violence January 18, 2007. www.endabuse.org. Family Violence Prevention Fund.

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Anna marjavi anna@endabuse org leiana kinnicutt leiana@endabuse org l.jpg

Anna Marjavi [email protected]

Leiana Kinnicutt [email protected]

California StatewideFamily to Family Convening

Preventing Teen Dating Violence

January 18, 2007

www.endabuse.org


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Family Violence Prevention Fund

For more than two decades, the Family Violence Prevention Fund (FVPF) has worked to end violence against women and children around the world.

www.endabuse.org


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Presentation Outline

  • Teen dating violence (TDV) definition

  • Health effects of TDV

  • Violence and Reproductive health

  • Working with advocates and DV agencies

  • Assessing and identifying dating violence

  • Safety Planning

  • Promoting Resiliency


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Teen Dating Violence

  • Defined as:

    • a pattern of repeated actual or threatened acts that physically, sexually or verbally abuse a member of an unmarried heterosexual or homosexual couple in which one or both partners is age twenty four or under.


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Teen Rates of Abuse

  • 1 in 5 high school females has experienced physical or sexual abuse by a dating partner.

  • Pregnant teens are at greater risk for abuse than pregnant adults: 21.7% v. 15.9%.


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Teen Rates of Abuse

  • In a survey of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and queer identified youth, 49% of the respondents reported feeling abused by a partner in a past relationship.

  • Women aged 16-24 experience the highest per capita rate of intimate partner violence.


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TDV is a serious public health problem.

Health effects include:

  • Injury and Death

  • Eating Disorders

  • Unhealthy Weight Control

  • Substance Use

  • Suicide (ideation and attempts)

  • Risky Sexual Behavior

  • STIs

  • Unplanned pregnancy


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Birth Control Sabotage

  • 50% of young mothers on public assistance experienced birth control sabotage by a dating partner

    ---Center for Impact Research, 2000


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Dating Violence and Teen Pregnancy

  • Adolescent girls who experienced physical or sexual dating violence were 6 times more likely to become pregnant than their non-abused peers

    ----Silverman, et al, 2001


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Low income adolescents who experienced physical or sexual abuse were:

3 times (or= 3.46) more likely to have a rapid repeat pregnancy within 12 months

4 times (or=4.29) more likely to have a rapid repeat pregnancy within 18 months

---Jacoby et al, 1999

Rapid Repeat Pregnancies


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Other Effects

  • Poor self-image

  • Poor performance in school

  • Isolation from friends and family


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Exposure to violence increases the likelihood of children experiencing:

  • Post traumatic stress disorder

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Developmental delays

  • Future perpetration or victimization of violence

    ---Graham-Berman & Levondosky, 1998;

    Hurt et al, 2001; Lehman 2000;

    McCloskey and Walker 2000;

    Pfouts et al 1982; Spaccarrelli et all 1994;

    Wilden et al 1991


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Partnering with DV Programs

  • Most communities have domestic violence advocacy programs; some have specific TDV programs.

  • Alliances with advocates will strengthen your CPS response.

  • As a first step, identify a DV community program and invite an advocate to work with your team.

  • Cross-training between CPS and DV programs can increase understanding of each other’s mandates and expertise, thereby building relationships.

  • Involve advocates in program planning, regular meetings and to review new materials/protocol.

  • Keep DV program brochures on hand for clients.


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Partnering with DV Programs Continued

  • Advocates often assist TDV victims with confidential services including:

    • Safety planning

    • Identification of emergency housing/shelter if possible

    • Legal: restraining orders, orders of protection, accompaniment to court

    • Individual counseling (sometimes for both teens and their families)

    • Support groups

    • ID resources to help support young parents

    • Reducing feelings of isolation.


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Challenges of Partnering with DV Programs

  • Philosophical differences exits between DV programs and CPS, although both focus on safety for families.

  • DV advocates are asked to collaborate on many issues in the community.

  • Finding emergency housing for teens may be difficult in the domestic violence network.

  • Most DV programs are not equipped to help teen boys who use violence or have experienced violence

  • As in CPS, there can be a lack of knowledge about providing services and support to LGBT victims and perpetrators of violence.


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Helping Youth

  • Identification

  • Intervention

  • Referral


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Identification

Red Flags for girls who are victims:

  • Injury

  • eating disorders

  • substance use

  • STIs (testing and positive ID)

  • pregnancy (testing and positive ID)

  • emergency contraception

  • suicide attempt, ideation

  • Depression

  • Poor academic performance

  • Running away

  • Past/current exposure to violence


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Identification

Red Flags for boys who use violence:

  • Fighting/Aggressive behavior

  • Substance abuse

  • Overly controlling/jealous tendencies

  • Past/current exposure to violence


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Considerations for Working with LGBT Youth

  • It may be difficult to identify both perpetrators and victims of TDV within LGBT relationships.

  • Partner with programs in your community that specificallyserve LGBT teens.


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Identification/Assessment

  • Discuss limits of confidentiality.

  • Talk to youth in private.

  • Use a professional translator if needed. Never use a family member, friend or dating-partner.

  • Use non-judgmental language.

  • Establish rapport--calm demeanor, careful listening.

  • Use environmental supports (posters).


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Framing Questions

  • Are you seeing anyone right now?

  • Are you sexually active? Is that with a guy or a girl or both?

  • Framing Questions:

  • “I don’t know if this is a concern for you, but many teens I see are dealing with relationship issues, so I’ve started asking questions about relationships routinely”

  • “I know I’ve known you for a long time, and I’ve never asked you about this before but recently I’ve been learning about how common dating-abuse is and I want to ask you. . .”


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Asking Direct Questions

  • Have you ever been afraid of your partner?

  • Have you ever been hurt or threatened by your partner?

  • I see you have a bruise. I am very concerned that someone hurt you. Did anyone hurt you?

  • Have you ever been forced to do something sexual you didn’t want to do?

  • Have you ever been forced to drink or use drugs by your partner?


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Indirect Questions

  • How do you feel your boyfriend/girlfriend/partner treats you?

  • What worries you about your relationship?

  • What happens when you and your partner argue?

  • Do you spend time with your friends? Why not?

  • Does your partner ever tell you who you can and cannot be friends with?

  • Does your partner, etc. ever tell you what you can and cannot wear?


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Assessment/Identification cont’d

  • Create a safe environment for dialogue

  • Give supportive messages to victims

    • “I’m glad you talked to me about this today”

    • “You deserve to be treated with respect”

    • “This is not your fault”

    • “No one deserves to be hurt no matter what”

    • “I’m sorry this happened to you”

  • Support victim: “What do you want to see happen with the relationship?” “How can I help you?” “Have you thought about what your next steps may be?”

  • Express concern for safety


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Defining Success

  • Our job is not to “fix” dating violence or tell victims what to do.

  • We can help victims by understanding their situation and recognizing how abuse can impact health and risk behaviors.

  • Success is measured by our efforts to reduce isolation, improve options for health and safety, and work towards violence prevention.


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Teen Dating Violence: Barriers to Disclosure

  • S/he may blame herself for the violence or be fearful that disclosure will bring about further violence.

  • S/he may minimize the violence for fear of losing the relationship, or because s/he does not want to lose her/his friends or social status.

  • S/he may love the person even though s/he hates the behavior.

  • S/he may be ashamed to disclose that s/he is dating someone who abuses her/him.

  • S/he may think that no one cares.


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LGBT Youth and Violence

  • Unsafe for some LGTB youth to be open to friends and family about their sexual orientation, gender identity and intimate relationships

  • A LGBT victim of dating violence may fear being “outted”

  • LGTB youth may face rejection from their families after “coming out.” Many young people are thrown out of their homes, mistreated, or become the focus of the family’s dysfunction.


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LGTB Youth Con’td

  • One study found 28% of youth who experience verbal or physical assault based on their sexual orientation were forced to drop out of high school because of the harassment they experienced.

  • Two to three times more likely to attempt suicide than heterosexual youth. Up to 30 percent of the completed young suicides are committed by LGTBQ youth each year.

  • In one study, gay and bisexual adolescent males were shown to be seven times more likely to attempt suicide than their heterosexual peers.


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Safety Planning

  • Ending the relationship can be one of the most dangerous periods and may take time.

  • Make sure she has support from friends/family/school/community.

  • Go over a safety plan.

  • Give a brochure/information on dating violence and services available.

  • Schedule a follow-up meeting.

  • Give at least two referrals.


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Strategies for Prevention

Increase Resiliency by connecting teens with a supportive

community/activity that makes them feel good about themselves

and competent:

  • Connect teens with a mentor (coach, scout leader, after school programs, etc.)

  • Connect teens with a consistent, supportive, and protective adult;

  • Refer teens & mothers to therapeutic services and or trauma treatment

  • Promote messages about healthy relationships and positive gender identity formation;

  • Encourage parent involvement (talking to youth about healthy relationships);

  • Encouraging fathers to be positive role models (teaching boys that real men respect women and that violence never equals strength);


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Have conversations about healthy relationships

  • Make this appeal to teens

  • How are they relating to boys/girls?

  • How do they see dating? Or going with someone? Or hooking up?

  • What are their expectations for a relationship?

  • What do they want out of a girl/boyfriend?

  • How do you talk to boys about how to treat girls?


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Referral: 24-hour Hotlines

  • Teen Abuse Hotline 1-877-923-0700

    www.lacasa.org toll-free, English/Spanish (statewide) teen outreach program, teen counseling (primarily serve Bay Area)

  • California Youth Crisis Line: 1-800-843-5200, toll-Free, English/Spanish (statewide) parents or youth

  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Partner Abuse/Hate Crimes Hotline (415) 333-HELP, multi-lingual (statewide)

  • National Hotline on DV 1-800-799-SAFE


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Contact information

Anna Marjavi

Family Violence Prevention Fund

[email protected]

Phone: 415-252-8900

Leiana Kinnicutt

Family Violence Prevention Fund

[email protected]

Phone:617-262-5900

Website: www.endabuse.org


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