It’s not child’s play. Forms of child labour in tourism. Meet Rajiv. 12 year old porter in Nepal carries 25kg on a trekking tour paid 150 rupees daily (adult wage 250) legal working age in Nepal: 14 years no time to attend school thrilled to find an opportunity to help support his family.
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Forms of child labour in tourism
hotels, holiday resorts, boarding houses, guesthouses, lodges, bed&breakfast places, rooms in private homes; laundries and cleaning firms
receptionist, baggage attendants, bell-boys, lift-boys, domestic servants, porters, garden hands, cleaners, helpers in laundry and ironing, etc
restaurants, cafes, teashops, snack bars, beer gardens, pubs, bars, beach shacks, street stands, itinerant food vending stalls
kitchen and scullery helpers,
Dishwashers, water-carriers, cleaners, waitresses and waiters, delivery boys, vendors of fruit, snacks and ice-creams
excursion sites, tourist sight-seeing spots, sport and beach activities, fitness centres, animal shows, circuses, folklore performances, casinos, night clubs with go-go-dancing, massage salons, brothels
tour guides, ticket & postcard vendors, flower-girls, photo “models“, shoeshine boys, beggars, beach cleaners, snake and crocodile exhibitors, acrobats, divers for pennies, golf caddies...
travel agencies, airports, train stations, bus and taxi firms, excursion and transfer boats
small handling agents, errand-boys, baggage attendants, bus attendants, car washers and guards, ship-boys, deck-hands, porters, etc
Wood carving and plastic processing, textile industry, sewing shops, straw and palm leaf manufacturing, shell, coral and mother-of-pearl processing, carpet-weaving, tanning, leather production, gem industry, precious stones mining, etc
manufacturers of all kinds, shell and pearl divers
shops, hotel boutiques, stands, itinerant sales activities on streets and beaches
souvenir vendors of all kinds
…we don’t know!
In 2004: 218 million child labourers worldwide!
186 million children labour
14% of all children
6.2% of all children
are in hazardous work
51.9 million youth
are in hazardouswork
competition is high, have to lower costs to stay in business
cute children may attract customers
quick to learn,
show up for work,
little risk – few controls are donePush-pull factors on employers
Forms of child labour:
- tourist guides
- sale and production of art and craft
- entertainment of tourists (e.g. tribal dancers)
- sexual exploitation