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LEARNING PowerPoint PPT Presentation


LEARNING. HABITUATION MATURATION MEMORY. LEARNING. RELATIVELY PERMANENT CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR THAT RESULTS FROM EXPERIENCE. HUMANS ARE BORN WITH THE “ABILITY” TO LEARN, BUT LEARNING TAKES PLACE ONLY WITH EXPERIENCE. BABIES LEARN FROM WHAT THEY SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE, AND TOUCH.

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LEARNING

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LEARNING

HABITUATION

MATURATION

MEMORY


LEARNING

  • RELATIVELY PERMANENT CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR THAT RESULTS FROM EXPERIENCE.

  • HUMANS ARE BORN WITH THE “ABILITY” TO LEARN, BUT LEARNING TAKES PLACE ONLY WITH EXPERIENCE.

  • BABIES LEARN FROM WHAT THEY SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE, AND TOUCH.

  • LEARNING IS AN ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT.


MATURATION

  • THE UNFOLDING OF PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR IN A BIOLOGICALLY DETERMINED AGE-RELATED SEQUENCE.

  • PROGRAMMED IN THE GENES.

    • EXAMPLE:

      • VISUAL CLIFF


HABITUATION

  • INFANTS GET “BORED” AND PAY LESS ATTENTION TO A STIMULUS AFTER THEY HAVE SEEN IT FOR A WHILE.

  • PROCESS BY WHICH REPEATED EXPOSURE TO A PARTICULAR STIMULUS RESULTS IN A REDUCED RESPONSE TO THE STIMULUS.

  • HABITUATION IS INDICATIVE OF AN INFANT’S MATURITY AND WELL-BEING.

  • INFANTS WITH BRAIN DAMAGE DO NOT HABITUATE WELL AND MAY HAVE DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEMS LATER.


DISHABITUATION

  • INFANTS RENEWED INTEREST IN A STIMULUS; IF A STIMULUS IS CHANGED AND THE INFANT CAN DETECT THAT CHANGE, THE INFANT BECOMES MORE ATTENTIVE TO THAT STIMULUS


MEMORY

  • INVOLVES RETAINING INFORMATION OVER TIME

  • MEMORY DEVELOPS EARLIER IN INFANCY THAN WAS PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT

  • INFANTS AS YOUNG AS 2 1/2 MONTHS OF AGE ARE ABLE TO REMEMBER SOME INFORMATION.


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