interest groups and representation
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Interest Groups and Representation. Possibility of cooperation decreases as group size increases. With 2 players, cooperation achieved by remembering past behavior and monitoring current behavior. Easier to free ride in large groups. Harder to educate and organize large groups.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Possibility of cooperation decreases as group size increases.
    • With 2 players, cooperation achieved by remembering past behavior and monitoring current behavior.
    • Easier to free ride in large groups.
slide3
Harder to educate and organize large groups.
  • “Transactions costs” of securing cooperation increase with group size.
  • “Transactions costs” of bargaining increase with the number of parties involved.
slide4
Transactions costs lead to representation.
    • Representative democracy: citizens elect legislators and legislators make laws.
    • Replace large group with small group.
slide5
Representation works when preferences of citizens are satisfied by bargains among legislators.
  • Representation does not work when bargains satisfy legislators.
  • Representation minimizes transaction costs, but perhaps at the cost of authenticity.
slide6
Who is represented?
    • Much political discourse is conducted by groups.
      • Political action groups educate.
      • Most of us have a tendency to frame issues in terms of what groups support and oppose them.
slide7
Political groups range from groups of individuals arranged around a specific issue to “peak associations.”
  • Peak associations: AFL-CIO, Farm Bureau, NAM.
slide8
Political groups are a hallmark of American democracy.
    • Bentley: Each group has a direction and magnitude.
    • Policy shifts caused by changing group preferences and clout.
    • Politics as physics.
slide9
de Tocqueville said group politics was the definitive feature of politics in this country.
  • Theme: Common interest leads naturally to motivated organizations! Politics is about how these organizations support and oppose each other.
slide10
Testing the Pluralist Hypothesis.
    • If groups arise from shared interests, they should form in proportion to interests.
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