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HAJJ: STEP by STEP (HAJJ TAMATTU’)

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HAJJ: STEP by STEP (HAJJ TAMATTU’). The Message of Hajj. 1. Hajj revives the spirit of devotion to Allah by keeping alive the faith and struggle of Prophet Ibrahim and his family. It trains us to respond to the commandments of Allah in our life.

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slide2

The Message of Hajj

  • 1. Hajj revives the spirit of devotion to Allah by keeping alive the faith and struggle of Prophet Ibrahim and his family. It trains us to respond to the commandments of Allah in our life.
  • 2. Hajj helps humans break the many barriers of ethnicity, and colour that divide them, and helps them to create the unity of a single human family.
  • 3. Hajj instils in us the sense of unity and brotherhood. 
  • 4. Hajj helps keep alive the memory of humanity\'s final standing for judgment before their Lord and Judge.
  • 5. Hajj helps individuals become whole once again after cleansing themselves of their sins.
slide3

The Reward of Hajj

  • "The performance of `Umrah is expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous ones. And the reward for Hajj Mabrur (pilgrimage accepted by Allah) is nothing but Paradise." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 27, hadith no. 1)
  • 1 Prayer in Al-Haram (Mekka) = 100,000 Prayers elsewhere
  • 1 Prayer in the prophet’s mosque = 1,000 Prayers elsewhere
day 1
DAY 1
  • IHRAM
  • Taking a shower and putting perfume
  • Putting on Ihram Cloth Ihram for men consists of two pieces of white, un-sewn and plain cloth. For ladies, their ordinary clothes. During Ihram, the following acts are forbidden: removing/Cutting hair from any parts of the body, clipping nails, putting perfumes or colognes, killing or hunting animals, conjugal relation, making marriage proposals, or marriage contracts, men covering the head.
  • Praying 2 Rak\'at Nafl At Miqat
  • Proclaiming the Niyyah for Umrah (for pilgrims performing Hajj Tamatu’)“Here I am for Umrah, Oh Allah.”
  • Saying Talbeyah From the time of putting Ihram until starting Tawaf.
  • ‘’Labbayka Allahummo labbayk, Labbayka la sharika laka labbayk, inna-l- hamda wa-n-ni’mata laka wal-mulk la sharika lak.’’

UMRAH

day 15
DAY 1

2. TAWAF: walking around the Ka\'bah (7 circuits) while reciting prayers and supplications.

  • A circuit starts from the black stone line. The pilgrim faces the black stone (positon indicated by green light) and points to it. “Bismillah Allahu Akbar”.
  • A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka’bah on his left.
  • When reaching the Rukn Al Yamani: “Our Lord, grant us good…”
  • Al-Idhtebaa (placing the Reda’ under his right arm) during all circuits.
  • Al- Raml during the first 3 circuits.

3. Praying 2 short Rakaas as close as conveniently possible behind Maqam Ibrahim.

4. Drinking from Zamzam

5. SA’YU (walking between safa and marwa) (7 times): Safa to marwa (1round) marwa to Safa (2 round) and so on.

6. HALQU: Hair ClippingA woman clips the length of a finger-tip

------------------------ UMRAH COMPLETED ---------------------------

UMRAH

day 17
DAY 1
  • The pilgrim takes a shower, puts on his Ihram Cloth (in his Hotel at makkah), and proclaims Niyyah/ihram making it the last thing before departure: “Here I am for Hajj’’.
  • The pilgrim keeps saying the Talbeyah until he starts to stone Jamrah Al-aqaba on Eid day.
  • The Pilgrim goes to Mina anytime after Fajr prayer. Mina is three miles from Makkah. The pilgrim prays Dhuhr, Asr, Magrib, Isha and Fajr, shortening his 4 unit prayers (without combining them). After Sunrise of the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah, he goes to Arafah.

------------------------ DAY 1 COMPLETED ----------------------

HAJJ

8th Dhul-Hijja

day 2
DAY 2
  • Arafat
    • The pilgrim stays in Arafat atleast a moment from dhuhr till before fajr of Eid day (10th dhulhijjah).
    • The pilgrim must offer the Zuhur and Asr prayers in qasr (shortened)
    • The pilgrim should make as many supplications as possible (while facing the Qibla).
  • Muzdalifah
    • After sunset, the pilgrim departs for Muzdalifah taking.
    • The pilgrim offers Maghrib and Isha prayers combining them and shortening the Isha.
    • Picking up at least 7 stones for 1st day & 63 for the rest but more as a precaution.
    • Men avoiding covering the head while asleep
    • The pilgrim spends the night and offers Fajr there.
    • Women, elderly, and weak people can leave to Mina after midnight.
    • After Fajr prayer, the pilgrim makes du\'a until brightness of the sun is widespread.

-----------------------DAY 2 COMPLETED-----------------------

HAJJ

9th Dhul-Hijja

day 3
DAY 3
  • (A) RAMYU/Going to Mina:Near sunrise the pilgrim goes to Mina for throwing Pebbles at the Jamrat al-Kubra (Jamrat al-Aqabah) saying “Allah is the Greatest”, as he throws each of the 7 pebbles.
  • (B) Sacrificing an Animal
  • (C) HALQ Shaving/Clipping Hair: Shaving is preferable for men. At this point in time, the pilgrim takes off the Ihram cloth, changes into everyday clothes and puts perfume on.
  • (D) Going to Makkah for Tawaf:The pilgrim performs Tawaf al-Ifadah and Sa’yi (can be done during ayyamul tashriq if need be)
  • Release from Ihram: Partial release (1)A +D (2)C+D (3)A+C
  • Full release: Completing A to D.
  • Returning to Mina prior to midnight.

--------------------- DAY 3 COMPLETED --------------------

HAJJ

10 Dhul-Hijja

day 310
DAY 3

HAJJ

11, 12, 13 Dhul-Hijja

  • Mina
    • The pilgrim spends the night of the 11th, 12th and preferably 13th of Dhul-Hijja (optional) for throwing the pebbles.
    • The pilgrim shortens the 4 Rak\'ats prayers to 2 Rak\'ats, but without combining them.
    • The Minimum stay in Mina should exceed most of the night.
  • Stoning the Jamrahs
    • In the afternoon of each day, the pilgrim stones the first Jamrah, then the Middle, and finally the Jamrah Al-Aqaba. The pilgrim may return to Makkah after throwing pebbles on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah (must leave Mina before sunset).
    • Each throwing is constituted of 7 pebbles with the pilgrim accompanied by Takbeer. The pilgrim stops after the first and second Jamarah to make supplications (facing the Qibla).
day 5
DAY 5
  • Returning to MakkahPilgrims return to Makkah before Maghrib time after completing the stoning.
  • Tawaf al-WadaThis is the farewell Tawaf that a pilgrim performs just before leaving Makkah for other destinations.
  • Departing from MakkahIt is recommended to leave Makkah as soon as the pilgrim completes Tawaf al-Wada. The pilgrim also asks Allah to accept the rituals and promises to abide by the divine commands.

--------------------- HAJJ COMPLETED ---------------------

HAJJ

11, 12, 13 Dhul-Hijja

day 512
DAY 5
  • Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque Performing 2 Rakaas upon reaching the mosque
  • Saluting the Prophet“May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you, oh prophet. May Allah grant you a good reward on behalf of your people”.
  • Saluting Abu-Bakr and Omar The pilgrim takes a step or two to his right and salutes the Caliph of the prophet (Abu-Bakr) and then a step or two to his right and salutes the Prince of the believers (Umar).
  • Praying in the Mosque (not necessarily in the Rawda)
  • Visiting Qubaa Mosque
  • Visiting Al-Baqee
  • Visiting Uhud
  • Adab in MedinaBeing at ones best behaviour while in Medina.
  • Returning home.

Visiting

The City of the Prophet (Medina)

important advice
Important Advice
  • Perfume free soaps while in ihram
  • Controlling ones anger, and avoiding argument
  • Lowering gaze
  • Utilising ones time in ibadah
  • Avoiding excessive/unimportant speech
  • Drinking zamzam frequently
  • Keeping one’s belonging
  • Sticking to the group
  • Taking along sleeping bag/pouch for money
  • Photocopy of ones passport
  • Spare Ihram cloth/sandal
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