Achieving World-Class Safety Performance in a Multi-Cultural Environment
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Achieving World-Class Safety Performance in a Multi-Cultural Environment. Presented by: ’Dapo Oguntoyinbo Corporate HSE Manager Petroleum Development Oman. Contents Safety (HSE) Challenges in PDO Generic Causes of Incidents Four Pillars of World-Class Safety Performance HSE Leadership

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Achieving World-Class Safety Performance in a Multi-Cultural Environment

Presented by:

’Dapo Oguntoyinbo

Corporate HSE Manager

Petroleum Development Oman

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Contents Environment

  • Safety (HSE) Challenges in PDO

  • Generic Causes of Incidents

  • Four Pillars of World-Class Safety Performance

    • HSE Leadership

    • HSE Management System

    • Workforce Engagement

    • Accountability for HSE

  • Challenges ahead

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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HSE Challenges in PDO Environment

  • 4,000 PDO Staff & 16,000 Contractor workforce (60mln mhrs)

  • 90% of PDO/Contractor workforce live/work in the interior

  • Multi-Cultural/Language workforce, varying literacy levels

  • PDO has over 100 oil/gas fields, 2,500+ wells drilled to date

  • PDO & Contractors drive 120 Million Km per year on business

  • Approximately 12,750 drivers, 7,000 vehicles

  • Maintain over 6,000Km graded roads, 500Km black-top/asphalt

  • In 1999, PDO achieved its best Safety performance to date:

    • 70 days &10 million hours worked without an LTI

    • No Fatality

    • LTIF of 0.37 per million hours worked

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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PDO & Contractors drive Environment120 Million Km per year average; i.e. travel round the world 3,000 times a year (8 times round the world every day !!!)

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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PDO & Contractors HSE Performance 1986 - 2002 Environment

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Historical Trend in Safety Environment

Injuries

Engineering Systems:

Hardware issues to engineer out hazards

Management Systems: develop procedures, etc. to control hazards

Focus on People:

empowerment and

conviction to work

SAFELY

Time

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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The Causes of Injuries Environment

Fatalities

Lost Time Injuries

Medical Treatment

First-aid Cases

  • Unsafe acts & Unsafe conditions

  • 96% / 4 %

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Generic Underlying Causes of Incidents Environment

  • Lack of Effective Supervision (competence)

  • Inadequate Hazard Awareness (competence)

  • Not Following Basic Rules (compliance)

This has led to:

Compliance, Competence, Supervision and Road Safety being key themes for annual HSE Plans

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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The Incident Triangle Environment

One fatality----------------------

100 Lost Time Incidents---

1000 Non LTI’s-----------

10,000 Near Misses---

100,000 Unsafe Acts-

Over 96% of Incidents are caused by People

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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What is PDO doing to achieve world-class HSE Performance? Environment

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Achieving world-class Safety Performance via Focus on People Environment

World Class Safety Performance

Development and Implementation of

HSE Management System

Workforce Engagement - Winning Hearts and Minds

Leadership and Commitment

Accountability for Safety -

Consequence Management


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Leadership & Commitment Environment

  • Safety (HSE) is Priority Number One

  • Visibility: participation in Joint Management HSE Inspections

  • Involvement: HSE on meeting agenda, ELT sessions

  • Target setting: T&T, staff appraisal to include HSE aspects

  • Improving HSE Culture: “walking the talk”, empowerment

  • Participation in Incident Investigation & Review

  • MD Incident Review, with Contractor CEO, for High Potential Incidents & Poor Performing Contractors

  • Annual CEO HSE Conference

  • Site Management support for HSE Initiatives/Circles

  • Use HSE Positions to develop high calibre staff

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Joint Management HSE Inspections EnvironmentDemonstrating HSE Leadership

Highlights of 2002 Performance

  • Participation by 22 CEO’s and 10 PDO Directors

  • 27 Joint Mgt HSE Inspections: Actual vs Planned 90%

  • Inspections were well received by PDO and Contractor staff

  • Presented opportunity for cross learning across organisations.

    Focus for 2003 and beyond

  • Continue Joint Management HSE Inspections

  • Forum to share feedback from Inspections

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Feedback to CEOs Environment

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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HSE Management System: what is its Objective ? Environment

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HSE Management System Environment

Objectives:

  • Manage hazards & effects to H,S & E in a structured way

  • Set performance standards for managing HSE

  • Continuous improvement via monitoring, reviews and audits

    Improving workforce understanding of HSE-MS:

  • Link Hazard Management to Activity

  • Understanding “What it means to Me”

  • Define Requirements for 3 levels of workforce (i.e. Manager, Supervisor and Staff)

  • Develop Module for Self-Assessment

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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PDO HSE Management System Environment

Leadership and Commitment

Policy and Strategic Objectives

Organisation, Responsibilities

Standards, Procedures and

Document Control

Hazards and Effects

Management Process

Corrective

Action

Planning

Monitoring

Implementation

Audit

Management Review

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Challenges of Workforce Engagement in a Multi-Cultural Environment

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EnvironmentSafety Propulsion” Projects in PDO since 2001

  • Road Safety: Drive-to-Survive

  • Competency of HSE Advisors

  • Enhanced Site Supervision (ESS)

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Workforce Engagement Environment

  • ESS workshops to improve hazard awareness & supervision

  • Working Safely for the workforce at shop-floor level

  • Use of Pictorial Prompt Cards (effective communication)

  • Safety Circles/Fora (e.g. No-LTI Clubs, ESS Champions, etc)

  • Performance Review & Dissemination of Lessons

  • Enhanced use of STOP

  • HSE Advisers Competency Programme

  • Contract Holdership Certification Scheme

  • HSE Skills Portfolio for HSE and Key Line Staff (PDO)

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ESS Workshops & Coaching Environment

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Q1 Environment

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Q2 Environment

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2003 Environment

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PDO & EnvironmentContractors: Road Safety Performance

Road Traffic Accidents per Million Km driven

Reduction:

DDC

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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PDO & Contractors: Road Safety Performance Environment

Rollovers per Million Km driven: Reduction

Speed-limiters

DDC

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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No Environment

Injury

One

Fatality

Improved HSE Culture (Proactive): No LTI Club

B

Strong Site HSE Awareness and Supervision via ESS, WS, STOP, etc.

100 LTIs

Site Management HSE Leadership, e.g. via Support for ESS, HSE Advisers Networking, etc.

1,000 Non-LTIs

A

10,000 Near Misses

Positive HSE Climate created by top Management (HSE is Priority No. 1)

100,000 Unsafe Acts

Target-Zero: No Injuries

The Incident Triangle

HSE Management Triangle

LEGEND: A = Levels covered by HSE Leadership, e.g. Joint Mgt HSE Insp., Site Management Support

B = Levels covered by ESS, Working Safely Workshops, Safety Circles/Forum

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Target Zero in PDO Environment

LTIF versus Fatality frequency over the years

LTI frequency (LTI/million hrs)

2003-Target

Zero

Fatality frequency (Fatalities per million hrs)

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Accountability for HSE Environment

… the next step

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Barriers Environment

or Controls

Hazard/

Risk

WORK

Accident

Violation

+

Error

=

HSE Management System

DISASTER

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Accountability for HSE Environment

  • Main Thrusts

  • Aim to protect health and safety of workers.

  • Staff are to be held accountable for actions that can lead to high potential incident or fatality based on past experience.

  • Deliberately breaking rules is worse than breaking rules out of

    ignorance

  • Same Framework for PDO and Contractors, via Industry Forum (OPAL) and Govt.

  • In certain cases management discretion will be exercised following

    incident investigation.

A full investigation must be completed, and proven case of deliberate misconduct made before application of rules

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Accountability for HSE: Risk Matrix Environment

7

1

9

6

11

5

2

8

10

HIGH RISK

4

3

List of HSE issues addressed and their risk rating

1- Competence - Failure to attend Mandatory HSE Courses; 3D

2- Compliance - Failure to follow mandatory HSE Procedures;4E

3- Interfering with the Integrity of Safety Devices; 4C

4- Driving under the influence of Alcohol; 5C

5- Not using seat belts; 4D

6- Driving without PDO license; 4C

7- Using GSM whilst driving; 2E

8- Not obeying applicable speed limits; 4E

9- Driving a vehicle without a valid RAS sticker; 4C

10- Failure to apply safe journey management plans; 4E

11- Failure to follow night driving policy; 4D

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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Accountability for HSE Framework Environment

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Q3 Environment

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Challenges Ahead Environment

  • In a multi-cultural environment, “Accountability for HSE” may be perceived negatively (blame culture)

  • Framework presented and accepted by Industry Forum, OPAL.

  • Industry Forum engagement ongoing with Government to obtain support for “Accountability for HSE” Framework

  • Implementation ONLY after effective “Workforce Engagement”

  • Roll out to concentrate on positive aspects of the scheme

  • Workforce HSE Culture can be significant consideration

  • Goal: Convince and Empower the workforce to work SAFELY

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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If you were in this boat, what would you do ? Environment

6th ASSE-ME Conference Bahrain


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