Chapter 6
Download
1 / 21

Chapter 6 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 301 Views
  • Updated On :

Chapter 6. Birth Control, Pregnancy, and Childbirth. Methods of Fertility Control. Fertility - ability to reproduce Conception - fertilization of an ovum by a sperm Contraception - prevention of conception Condom - latex cover for penis to catch sperm upon ejaculation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 6' - Solomon


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Chapter 6 l.jpg

Chapter 6

Birth Control, Pregnancy, and Childbirth


Methods of fertility control l.jpg
Methods of Fertility Control

  • Fertility - ability to reproduce

  • Conception - fertilization of an ovum by a sperm

  • Contraception - prevention of conception

  • Condom - latex cover for penis to catch sperm upon ejaculation


Methods of fertility control3 l.jpg
Methods of Fertility Control

  • Contraception effectiveness rate - % of women who become pregnant while correctly using a method contraception

  • Oral Contraception -” the pill” - prevents ovulation / regulating hormones


Methods of fertility control4 l.jpg
Methods of Fertility Control

  • Morning-after pill - taken within three days after intercourse

  • Spermicides - kills sperm

  • Female Condom - single- use polyurethane sheath

  • Diaphragm - latex device to prevent sperm access to uterus


Methods of fertility control5 l.jpg
Methods of Fertility Control

  • Intrauterine devise (IUD) - T shaped device implanted into uterus

  • Withdrawal - removing the penis before ejaculation

  • Depo-Provera - injectable form of BC lasts three months


Methods of fertility control6 l.jpg
Methods of Fertility Control

  • Norplant - 6 silicon capsules surgically inserted under the skin of women’s upper arm

  • Fertility awareness methods - natural methods…… examples

  • Cervical mucus method - based on specific changes to cervical mucus

  • Body temp. method - monitor body temperature for signals of ovulation


Methods of fertility control7 l.jpg
Methods of Fertility Control

  • Calendar Methods - mapping the woman’s menstrual cycle for safer time for intercourse

  • Sterilization - permanent fertility control through surgical procedures


Methods of fertility control8 l.jpg
Methods of Fertility Control

  • Tubal Ligation - female has fallopian tubes cut and tied off

  • Hysterectomy - removal of uterus

  • Vasectomy - male has vasa deferentia cut and tied off


Abortion medical means of terminating pregnancy l.jpg
Abortion - medical means of terminating pregnancy

  • Vacuum aspirations - gentle suction to remove foetal

  • Dilation + Evacuation - foetal is both sucked and scraped out of the uterus

  • Hysterectomy - surgical removal of foetal

  • Induction abortion - chemicals used to remove foetal from uterus


Planning a pregnancy l.jpg
Planning a Pregnancy

  • Emotional Health

  • Paternal Health

  • Financial Evaluation

  • Contingency Planning


Pregnancy l.jpg
Pregnancy

Prenatal care - living a healthy lifestyle

Choosing a Practitioner

Alcohol and Drugs

  • Tertogenic -causing birth defects from drugs, chemicals, x-rays or disease

  • Foetal alcohol syndrome - a collection of problems……mental retardation


The process l.jpg
The Process

Early signs of Pregnancy

  • missed menstrual cycle

  • breast tenderness

  • extreme fatigue

  • sleeplessness

  • emotional upset

  • nausea

  • vomiting (morning sickness)


Trimesters a three month segment during pregnancy with specific developmental characteristics l.jpg
Trimesters - a three month segment during pregnancy with specific developmental characteristics

  • The First Trimester

  • The Second Trimester

  • The Third Trimester


Prenatal testing screening l.jpg
Prenatal Testing & Screening

  • Amniocentesis - fluid drawn from the amniotic sac / identify specific medical problems

  • Amniotic sac -protective pouch surrounding baby


Childbirth choosing where to have your baby l.jpg
Childbirth - Choosing Where to Have Your Baby

  • Hospitals

  • Birthing centers, etc, etc.

    Labour and Delivery -

  • Transition -cervix almost completely dilated / foetus head moves into birth canal

  • Episotomy - straight incision into the mother’s perineum

  • Afterbirth - expelled placenta


Childbirth l.jpg
Childbirth

  • Prenatal Education

  • Drugs in the Delivery Room

  • Breast-Feeding and the Postpartum Period

  • Postpartum depression - low energy, anxiety, mood swings and depression


Complications problems that can occur even with a successful pregnancy l.jpg
Complications - problems that can occur even with a successful pregnancy

  • caesarian section (C-Section)

  • removal of baby via incision of abdominal and uterine walls

  • Rh factor - blood protein related to antibody development

  • …..if a Rh -negative mother has a Rh-positive baby / mother’s antibodies will attack the baby


Complications problems that can occur even with a successful pregnancy18 l.jpg
Complications - problems that can occur even with a successful pregnancy

  • Stillbirth - birth of a dead baby

  • Miscarriage - loss of foetus before viable / spontaneous abortion

  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - infants under one year of age


Infertility difficulties in conceiving l.jpg
Infertility - Difficulties in Conceiving

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease - infection that scars the fallopian tubes / blocks sperm migration

  • Endometriosis - uterine lining establishes itself outside uterus


Infertility difficulties in conceiving20 l.jpg
Infertility - Difficulties in Conceiving

  • Low sperm count - leading cause of infertility in men / below 60 million sperm per millilitre of semen

  • Fertility drugs -hormones to stimulate ovulation in women


Slide21 l.jpg
Alternative Insemination - partner's or donor’s sperm deposited into a women’s vagina / doctor supervised

  • In vitro fertilization - “test tube baby”

  • Gamete intrafallopian

  • Non-surgical Embryo Transfer

  • Embryo Transfer

  • Embryo Freezing

  • Surrogate Motherhood


ad