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Buddhism. Goals. Review life of Siddhartha Gautama Examine principal tenets of Buddhism Provide background necessary to understand syncretism as discussed in Old World Encounters. Life of Siddhartha Gotama. ca 563-483 BCE Prince in northern India Lived life of luxury, sheltered from pain

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goals
Goals
  • Review life of Siddhartha Gautama
  • Examine principal tenets of Buddhism
  • Provide background necessary to understand syncretism as discussed in Old World Encounters
life of siddhartha gotama
Life of Siddhartha Gotama
  • ca 563-483 BCE
  • Prince in northern India
  • Lived life of luxury, sheltered from pain
  • At age 29 ventured from palace and discovered suffering of world
  • Began six-year ascetic life
  • Found no peace or wisdom
night of power
Night of Power
  • Sat under Bodhi tree until he received enlightenment
  • Saw all his former lives pass before him
  • Discovered “Dhamma” (universal truth)
  • Realized that everything is conditional
  • Individuals have no self or soul
  • Believing they do causes desire
  • Became the Buddha, the enlightened one
four noble truths
Four Noble Truths
  • Life is filled with suffering.
  • Suffering is caused by desire.
  • To end suffering, cease desire.
  • To cease desire, follow the eight-fold path

Goal is to end the cycle of samsarsa to achieve nirvana (“extinguishing”), no being

eight fold path
Eight-fold Path
  • 1. Right knowledge
  • 2. Right intention
  • 3. Right speech
  • 4. Right conduct
  • 5. Right livelihood
  • 6. Right effort
  • 7. Right mindfulness
  • 8. Right meditation
unique characteristics of buddhism
Unique characteristics of Buddhism
  • Non-theistic religion, practically
  • Reform movement within Hinduism
  • Rejected ritual, prayers, caste system
  • Not particularly successful in India
  • Great expansion abroad
  • Had to be adapted to local situations and existing belief systems
five precepts
Five Precepts
  • 1. Do not kill
  • 2. Do not take what is not freely given
  • 3. Do not commit unchaste acts
  • 4. Do not lie
  • 5. Do not drink intoxicants
two branches of buddhism
Thervada

South and southeast Asia

Buddha as mortal

Provides example

Religion of self-reliant works

Emphasize wisdom as enlightenment

Mahayana

North and east Asia

Buddha as semi-divine

Nirvana is paradise

Bodhisattvas

Emphasize compassion

Two branches of Buddhism
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Buddhism has roots in Hinduism
  • Goal is to escape samsarsa
  • Based on presumption that life is suffering
  • Emphasis on mediation and spiritual discipline as means to enlightenment
  • Complemented indigenous religions in lands where it was planted
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