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Ancient Greece. A History…. Blueprint for European Society. Blueprint for European Society. Language. Blueprint for European Society. Language 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin. Blueprint for European Society. Language 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin Intellectual Pursuits.

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ancient greece

Ancient Greece

A History…

blueprint for european society4
Blueprint for European Society
  • Language
    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin
blueprint for european society5
Blueprint for European Society
  • Language
    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin
  • Intellectual Pursuits
blueprint for european society6
Blueprint for European Society
  • Language
    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin
  • Intellectual Pursuits
    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.
blueprint for european society7
Blueprint for European Society
  • Language
    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin
  • Intellectual Pursuits
    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.
  • Art
blueprint for european society8
Blueprint for European Society
  • Language
    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin
  • Intellectual Pursuits
    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.
  • Art
    • Sculpture, Architecture, etc.
blueprint for european society9
Blueprint for European Society
  • Language
    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin
  • Intellectual Pursuits
    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.
  • Art
    • Sculpture, Architecture, etc.
  • Democracy
blueprint for european society10
Blueprint for European Society
  • Language
    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin
  • Intellectual Pursuits
    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.
  • Art
    • Sculpture, Architecture, etc.
  • Democracy
    • Government by the People
origins of greece12
Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

origins of greece13
Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

  • Crete 2500-1500 B.C.
origins of greece14
Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

  • Crete 2500-1500 B.C.
  • Influenced Greek culture
origins of greece15
Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

  • Crete 2500-1500 B.C.
  • Influenced Greek culture
  • Sea traders
origins of greece16
Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

  • Crete 2500-1500 B.C.
  • Influenced Greek culture
  • Sea traders
  • Modern plumbing at Knossos
the hellenic era18
The Hellenic Era
  • Founding of Mycenae on the Peloponnesus (2000-1250 B.C.)
the hellenic era19
The Hellenic Era
  • Founding of Mycenae on the Peloponnesus (2000-1250 B.C.)
  • Mycenae (Greeks) battled for control of the Aegean Sea with Troy
the hellenic era20
The Hellenic Era
  • Founding of Mycenae on the Peloponnesus (2000-1250 B.C.)
  • Mycenae (Greeks) battled for control of the Aegean Sea with Troy

Trojan War

rise of the polis23
Rise of the Polis
  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form
rise of the polis24
Rise of the Polis
  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form

Polis

rise of the polis25
Rise of the Polis
  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form
  • Polis = City and the surrounding area

Polis

rise of the polis26
Rise of the Polis
  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form
  • Polis = City and the surrounding area
  • Examples…

Polis

rise of the polis27
Rise of the Polis
  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form
  • Polis = City and the surrounding area
  • Examples…
    • Sparta

Polis

rise of the polis28
Rise of the Polis
  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form
  • Polis = City and the surrounding area
  • Examples…
    • Sparta
    • Athens

Polis

sparta30
Sparta
  • A Military State - unlike the rest of Hellas
sparta31
Sparta
  • A Military State - unlike the rest of Hellas
  • Created a slave race - Helots
sparta32
Sparta
  • A Military State - unlike the rest of Hellas
  • Created a slave race - Helots
    • After a slave revolt that was barely stopped Sparta swore that would never happen again
sparta33
Sparta
  • A Military State - unlike the rest of Hellas
  • Created a slave race - Helots
    • After a slave revolt that was barely stopped Sparta swore that would never happen again
    • Therefore, they dedicated themselves to military pursuits
spartan government35
Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

spartan government36
Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws

spartan government37
Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws -controlled education

spartan government38
Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws -controlled education

-prosecuted court cases

spartan government39
AssemblySpartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws -controlled education

-prosecuted court cases

spartan government40
Assembly

Elected officials

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws -controlled education

-prosecuted court cases

spartan government41
Assembly

Elected officials

Voted on major issues

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws -controlled education

-prosecuted court cases

spartan government42
Assembly

Elected officials

Voted on major issues

Council of Elders

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws -controlled education

-prosecuted court cases

spartan government43
Assembly

Elected officials

Voted on major issues

Council of Elders

Proposed laws for assembly for vote

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws -controlled education

-prosecuted court cases

spartan government44
Assembly

Elected officials

Voted on major issues

Council of Elders

Proposed laws for assembly for vote

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws -controlled education

-prosecuted court cases

LANDOWNERS

spartan society47
Spartan Society
  • Citizens
    • Original descendants
spartan society48
Spartan Society
  • Citizens
    • Original descendants
    • Owned land
spartan society49
Spartan Society
  • Citizens
    • Original descendants
    • Owned land
  • Non-Citizens
spartan society50
Spartan Society
  • Citizens
    • Original descendants
    • Owned land
  • Non-Citizens
    • Free
spartan society51
Spartan Society
  • Citizens
    • Original descendants
    • Owned land
  • Non-Citizens
    • Free
    • Worked in commerce & industry
spartan society52
Spartan Society
  • Citizens
    • Original descendants
    • Owned land
  • Non-Citizens
    • Free
    • Worked in commerce & industry
  • Helots
spartan society53
Spartan Society
  • Citizens
    • Original descendants
    • Owned land
  • Non-Citizens
    • Free
    • Worked in commerce & industry
  • Helots
    • Household servants
spartan society54
Spartan Society
  • Citizens
    • Original descendants
    • Owned land
  • Non-Citizens
    • Free
    • Worked in commerce & industry
  • Helots
    • Household servants
  • Slaves
spartan education56
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
spartan education57
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys
spartan education58
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys = military training
spartan education59
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys = military training
      • Left home at 7
spartan education60
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys = military training
      • Left home at 7
      • tough life
spartan education61
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys = military training
      • Left home at 7
      • tough life = tough soldier
spartan education62
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys = military training
      • Left home at 7
      • tough life = tough soldier
    • Girls
spartan education63
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys = military training
      • Left home at 7
      • tough life = tough soldier
    • Girls = stay home but remain physical
spartan education64
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys = military training
      • Left home at 7
      • tough life = tough soldier
    • Girls = stay home but remain physical

ABOVE ALL…

spartan education65
Spartan Education
  • Lack of individual expression
    • Boys = military training
      • Left home at 7
      • tough life = tough soldier
    • Girls = stay home but remain physical

ABOVE ALL… SERVICE TO SPARTA

big differences70
Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Big Differences…
big differences71
Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Athenian Values

Big Differences…
big differences72
Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Athenian Values

Individuality

Big Differences…
big differences73
Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Athenian Values

Individuality

Beauty

Big Differences…
big differences74
Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Athenian Values

Individuality

Beauty

Freedom

Big Differences…
athens76
Athens
  • Democracy comes from conflict
athens77
Athens
  • Democracy comes from conflict
  • Power struggle between the rich and poor brings reforms from four leaders
four reformers79
Four Reformers
  • Draco (621 B.C.)
four reformers80
Four Reformers
  • Draco (621 B.C.)
    • Written code of laws
four reformers81
Four Reformers
  • Draco (621 B.C.)
    • Written code of laws
  • Solon (594 B.C.)
four reformers82
Four Reformers
  • Draco (621 B.C.)
    • Written code of laws
  • Solon (594 B.C.)
    • Eliminated debt slavery
four reformers83
Four Reformers
  • Draco (621 B.C.)
    • Written code of laws
  • Solon (594 B.C.)
    • Eliminated debt slavery
  • Psistratus (546 B.C.)
four reformers84
Four Reformers
  • Draco (621 B.C.)
    • Written code of laws
  • Solon (594 B.C.)
    • Eliminated debt slavery
  • Psistratus (546 B.C.)
    • Caters to peasants
four reformers85
Four Reformers
  • Draco (621 B.C.)
    • Written code of laws
  • Solon (594 B.C.)
    • Eliminated debt slavery
  • Psistratus (546 B.C.)
    • Caters to peasants
  • Cleisthenes (508 B.C.)
four reformers86
Four Reformers
  • Draco (621 B.C.)
    • Written code of laws
  • Solon (594 B.C.)
    • Eliminated debt slavery
  • Psistratus (546 B.C.)
    • Caters to peasants
  • Cleisthenes (508 B.C.)
    • Council of 500
six steps to democracy88
Six Steps to Democracy
  • Outlawed Slavery
six steps to democracy89
Six Steps to Democracy
  • Outlawed Slavery
  • Reduce nobility
six steps to democracy90
Six Steps to Democracy
  • Outlawed Slavery
  • Reduce nobility
  • Redistribute land
six steps to democracy91
Six Steps to Democracy
  • Outlawed Slavery
  • Reduce nobility
  • Redistribute land
  • Assembly
six steps to democracy92
Six Steps to Democracy
  • Outlawed Slavery
  • Reduce nobility
  • Redistribute land
  • Assembly
  • Council of 500
six steps to democracy93
Six Steps to Democracy
  • Outlawed Slavery
  • Reduce nobility
  • Redistribute land
  • Assembly
  • Council of 500
  • Ostracism
persians threaten greece95
Persians Threaten Greece
  • 490 B.C. Darius attacks Marathon
persians threaten greece96
Persians Threaten Greece
  • 490 B.C. Darius attacks Marathon
  • Greeks were outnumbered by 2 to 1
persians threaten greece97
Persians Threaten Greece
  • 490 B.C. Darius attacks Marathon
  • Greeks were outnumbered by 2 to 1
  • Persians Lose!
persians threaten greece98
Persians Threaten Greece
  • 490 B.C. Darius attacks Marathon
  • Greeks were outnumbered by 2 to 1
  • Persians Lose!
    • 6400 to 192
xerxes attacks100
Xerxes Attacks
  • Avenging his father’s loss, Xerxes attacks in 480B.C.
xerxes attacks101
Xerxes Attacks
  • Avenging his father’s loss, Xerxes attacks in 480B.C.
  • Greek soldiers, led by Sparta tried to hold them off at Thermopylae
xerxes attacks102
Xerxes Attacks
  • Avenging his father’s loss, Xerxes attacks in 480B.C.
  • Greek soldiers, led by Sparta tried to hold them off at Thermopylae
  • The army is betrayed and Athens becomes the target
xerxes attacks103
Xerxes Attacks
  • Avenging his father’s loss, Xerxes attacks in 480B.C.
  • Greek soldiers, led by Sparta tried to hold them off at Thermopylae
  • The army is betrayed and Athens becomes the target
  • Battle of Salamis brings victory to Greece
athens becomes105

Athens becomes…

the true leaders of Hellas.

peloponnesian war107
Peloponnesian War
  • 431-404 B.C.
peloponnesian war108
Peloponnesian War
  • 431-404 B.C.
  • Sparta v. Athens
peloponnesian war109
Peloponnesian War
  • 431-404 B.C.
  • Sparta v. Athens
  • Pericles had prepared his people for a noble fight,
peloponnesian war110
Peloponnesian War
  • 431-404 B.C.
  • Sparta v. Athens
  • Pericles had prepared his people for a noble fight, but disease weakened Athens
peloponnesian war111
Peloponnesian War
  • 431-404 B.C.
  • Sparta v. Athens
  • Pericles had prepared his people for a noble fight, but disease weakened Athens and they lost
peloponnesian war112
Peloponnesian War
  • 431-404 B.C.
  • Sparta v. Athens
  • Pericles had prepared his people for a noble fight, but disease weakened Athens and they lost
  • The Civil War weakened all of Hellas
macedonia114
Macedonia
  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece
macedonia115
Macedonia
  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece
  • He valued Greek culture –
macedonia116
Macedonia
  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece
  • He valued Greek culture – his son Alexander was educated in Athens
macedonia117
Macedonia
  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece
  • He valued Greek culture – his son Alexander was educated in Athens
  • He took over Greece before any other power could
macedonia118
Macedonia
  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece
  • He valued Greek culture – his son Alexander was educated in Athens
  • He took over Greece before any other power could
  • Was Persia next?
alexander the great120
Alexander the Great
  • Philip died before attacking Persia
alexander the great121
Alexander the Great
  • Philip died before attacking Persia
  • His son, Alexander, took over and Persia fell to his armies
alexander the great122
Alexander the Great
  • Philip died before attacking Persia
  • His son, Alexander, took over and Persia fell to his armies
  • Alexander went on to control areas in the Middle East and Asia
alexander the great123
Alexander the Great
  • Philip died before attacking Persia
  • His son, Alexander, took over and Persia fell to his armies
  • Alexander went on to control areas in the Middle East and Asia
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