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Ancient Greece. A History…. Blueprint for European Society. Blueprint for European Society. Language. Blueprint for European Society. Language 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin. Blueprint for European Society. Language 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin Intellectual Pursuits.

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Ancient Greece

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Ancient greece l.jpg

Ancient Greece

A History…


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Blueprint for European Society


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Blueprint for European Society

  • Language


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Blueprint for European Society

  • Language

    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin


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Blueprint for European Society

  • Language

    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin

  • Intellectual Pursuits


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Blueprint for European Society

  • Language

    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin

  • Intellectual Pursuits

    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.


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Blueprint for European Society

  • Language

    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin

  • Intellectual Pursuits

    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.

  • Art


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Blueprint for European Society

  • Language

    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin

  • Intellectual Pursuits

    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.

  • Art

    • Sculpture, Architecture, etc.


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Blueprint for European Society

  • Language

    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin

  • Intellectual Pursuits

    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.

  • Art

    • Sculpture, Architecture, etc.

  • Democracy


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Blueprint for European Society

  • Language

    • 1 in 8 of our words are Greek in origin

  • Intellectual Pursuits

    • Science, Math, Medicine, etc.

  • Art

    • Sculpture, Architecture, etc.

  • Democracy

    • Government by the People


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Origins of Greece


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Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization


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Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

  • Crete 2500-1500 B.C.


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Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

  • Crete 2500-1500 B.C.

  • Influenced Greek culture


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Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

  • Crete 2500-1500 B.C.

  • Influenced Greek culture

  • Sea traders


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Origins of Greece

Minoan Civilization

  • Crete 2500-1500 B.C.

  • Influenced Greek culture

  • Sea traders

  • Modern plumbing at Knossos


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The Hellenic Era

Trojan War


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The Hellenic Era

  • Founding of Mycenae on the Peloponnesus (2000-1250 B.C.)


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The Hellenic Era

  • Founding of Mycenae on the Peloponnesus (2000-1250 B.C.)

  • Mycenae (Greeks) battled for control of the Aegean Sea with Troy


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The Hellenic Era

  • Founding of Mycenae on the Peloponnesus (2000-1250 B.C.)

  • Mycenae (Greeks) battled for control of the Aegean Sea with Troy

Trojan War


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Ancient Greece Map


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Rise of the Polis


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Rise of the Polis

  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form


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Rise of the Polis

  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form

Polis


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Rise of the Polis

  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form

  • Polis = City and the surrounding area

Polis


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Rise of the Polis

  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form

  • Polis = City and the surrounding area

  • Examples…

Polis


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Rise of the Polis

  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form

  • Polis = City and the surrounding area

  • Examples…

    • Sparta

Polis


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Rise of the Polis

  • By 750 B.C. city-states began to form

  • Polis = City and the surrounding area

  • Examples…

    • Sparta

    • Athens

Polis


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Sparta


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Sparta

  • A Military State - unlike the rest of Hellas


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Sparta

  • A Military State - unlike the rest of Hellas

  • Created a slave race - Helots


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Sparta

  • A Military State - unlike the rest of Hellas

  • Created a slave race - Helots

    • After a slave revolt that was barely stopped Sparta swore that would never happen again


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Sparta

  • A Military State - unlike the rest of Hellas

  • Created a slave race - Helots

    • After a slave revolt that was barely stopped Sparta swore that would never happen again

    • Therefore, they dedicated themselves to military pursuits


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Spartan Government


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Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all


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Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws


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Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws-controlled education


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Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws-controlled education

-prosecuted court cases


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Assembly

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws-controlled education

-prosecuted court cases


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Assembly

Elected officials

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws-controlled education

-prosecuted court cases


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Assembly

Elected officials

Voted on major issues

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws-controlled education

-prosecuted court cases


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Assembly

Elected officials

Voted on major issues

Council of Elders

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws-controlled education

-prosecuted court cases


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Assembly

Elected officials

Voted on major issues

Council of Elders

Proposed laws for assembly for vote

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws-controlled education

-prosecuted court cases


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Assembly

Elected officials

Voted on major issues

Council of Elders

Proposed laws for assembly for vote

Spartan Government

5 EPHORS over all

-carried out laws-controlled education

-prosecuted court cases

LANDOWNERS


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Spartan Society


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens

    • Original descendants


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens

    • Original descendants

    • Owned land


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens

    • Original descendants

    • Owned land

  • Non-Citizens


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens

    • Original descendants

    • Owned land

  • Non-Citizens

    • Free


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens

    • Original descendants

    • Owned land

  • Non-Citizens

    • Free

    • Worked in commerce & industry


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens

    • Original descendants

    • Owned land

  • Non-Citizens

    • Free

    • Worked in commerce & industry

  • Helots


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens

    • Original descendants

    • Owned land

  • Non-Citizens

    • Free

    • Worked in commerce & industry

  • Helots

    • Household servants


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Spartan Society

  • Citizens

    • Original descendants

    • Owned land

  • Non-Citizens

    • Free

    • Worked in commerce & industry

  • Helots

    • Household servants

  • Slaves


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Spartan Education


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys = military training


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys = military training

      • Left home at 7


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys = military training

      • Left home at 7

      • tough life


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys = military training

      • Left home at 7

      • tough life = tough soldier


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys = military training

      • Left home at 7

      • tough life = tough soldier

    • Girls


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys = military training

      • Left home at 7

      • tough life = tough soldier

    • Girls = stay home but remain physical


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys = military training

      • Left home at 7

      • tough life = tough soldier

    • Girls = stay home but remain physical

ABOVE ALL…


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Spartan Education

  • Lack of individual expression

    • Boys = military training

      • Left home at 7

      • tough life = tough soldier

    • Girls = stay home but remain physical

ABOVE ALL… SERVICE TO SPARTA


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Big Differences…


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Spartan Values

Big Differences…


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Spartan Values

Strength

Big Differences…


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Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Big Differences…


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Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Big Differences…


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Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Athenian Values

Big Differences…


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Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Athenian Values

Individuality

Big Differences…


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Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Athenian Values

Individuality

Beauty

Big Differences…


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Spartan Values

Strength

Duty

Discipline

Athenian Values

Individuality

Beauty

Freedom

Big Differences…


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Athens


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Athens

  • Democracy comes from conflict


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Athens

  • Democracy comes from conflict

  • Power struggle between the rich and poor brings reforms from four leaders


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Four Reformers


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Four Reformers

  • Draco (621 B.C.)


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Four Reformers

  • Draco (621 B.C.)

    • Written code of laws


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Four Reformers

  • Draco (621 B.C.)

    • Written code of laws

  • Solon (594 B.C.)


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Four Reformers

  • Draco (621 B.C.)

    • Written code of laws

  • Solon (594 B.C.)

    • Eliminated debt slavery


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Four Reformers

  • Draco (621 B.C.)

    • Written code of laws

  • Solon (594 B.C.)

    • Eliminated debt slavery

  • Psistratus (546 B.C.)


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Four Reformers

  • Draco (621 B.C.)

    • Written code of laws

  • Solon (594 B.C.)

    • Eliminated debt slavery

  • Psistratus (546 B.C.)

    • Caters to peasants


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Four Reformers

  • Draco (621 B.C.)

    • Written code of laws

  • Solon (594 B.C.)

    • Eliminated debt slavery

  • Psistratus (546 B.C.)

    • Caters to peasants

  • Cleisthenes (508 B.C.)


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Four Reformers

  • Draco (621 B.C.)

    • Written code of laws

  • Solon (594 B.C.)

    • Eliminated debt slavery

  • Psistratus (546 B.C.)

    • Caters to peasants

  • Cleisthenes (508 B.C.)

    • Council of 500


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Six Steps to Democracy


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Six Steps to Democracy

  • Outlawed Slavery


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Six Steps to Democracy

  • Outlawed Slavery

  • Reduce nobility


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Six Steps to Democracy

  • Outlawed Slavery

  • Reduce nobility

  • Redistribute land


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Six Steps to Democracy

  • Outlawed Slavery

  • Reduce nobility

  • Redistribute land

  • Assembly


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Six Steps to Democracy

  • Outlawed Slavery

  • Reduce nobility

  • Redistribute land

  • Assembly

  • Council of 500


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Six Steps to Democracy

  • Outlawed Slavery

  • Reduce nobility

  • Redistribute land

  • Assembly

  • Council of 500

  • Ostracism


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Persians Threaten Greece


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Persians Threaten Greece

  • 490 B.C. Darius attacks Marathon


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Persians Threaten Greece

  • 490 B.C. Darius attacks Marathon

  • Greeks were outnumbered by 2 to 1


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Persians Threaten Greece

  • 490 B.C. Darius attacks Marathon

  • Greeks were outnumbered by 2 to 1

  • Persians Lose!


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Persians Threaten Greece

  • 490 B.C. Darius attacks Marathon

  • Greeks were outnumbered by 2 to 1

  • Persians Lose!

    • 6400 to 192


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Xerxes Attacks


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Xerxes Attacks

  • Avenging his father’s loss, Xerxes attacks in 480B.C.


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Xerxes Attacks

  • Avenging his father’s loss, Xerxes attacks in 480B.C.

  • Greek soldiers, led by Sparta tried to hold them off at Thermopylae


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Xerxes Attacks

  • Avenging his father’s loss, Xerxes attacks in 480B.C.

  • Greek soldiers, led by Sparta tried to hold them off at Thermopylae

  • The army is betrayed and Athens becomes the target


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Xerxes Attacks

  • Avenging his father’s loss, Xerxes attacks in 480B.C.

  • Greek soldiers, led by Sparta tried to hold them off at Thermopylae

  • The army is betrayed and Athens becomes the target

  • Battle of Salamis brings victory to Greece


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Athens becomes…


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Athens becomes…

the true leaders of Hellas.


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Peloponnesian War


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Peloponnesian War

  • 431-404 B.C.


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Peloponnesian War

  • 431-404 B.C.

  • Sparta v. Athens


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Peloponnesian War

  • 431-404 B.C.

  • Sparta v. Athens

  • Pericles had prepared his people for a noble fight,


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Peloponnesian War

  • 431-404 B.C.

  • Sparta v. Athens

  • Pericles had prepared his people for a noble fight, but disease weakened Athens


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Peloponnesian War

  • 431-404 B.C.

  • Sparta v. Athens

  • Pericles had prepared his people for a noble fight, but disease weakened Athens and they lost


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Peloponnesian War

  • 431-404 B.C.

  • Sparta v. Athens

  • Pericles had prepared his people for a noble fight, but disease weakened Athens and they lost

  • The Civil War weakened all of Hellas


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Macedonia


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Macedonia

  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece


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Macedonia

  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece

  • He valued Greek culture –


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Macedonia

  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece

  • He valued Greek culture – his son Alexander was educated in Athens


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Macedonia

  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece

  • He valued Greek culture – his son Alexander was educated in Athens

  • He took over Greece before any other power could


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Macedonia

  • Philip II saw the weakened state of Greece

  • He valued Greek culture – his son Alexander was educated in Athens

  • He took over Greece before any other power could

  • Was Persia next?


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Alexander the Great


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Alexander the Great

  • Philip died before attacking Persia


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Alexander the Great

  • Philip died before attacking Persia

  • His son, Alexander, took over and Persia fell to his armies


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Alexander the Great

  • Philip died before attacking Persia

  • His son, Alexander, took over and Persia fell to his armies

  • Alexander went on to control areas in the Middle East and Asia


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Alexander the Great

  • Philip died before attacking Persia

  • His son, Alexander, took over and Persia fell to his armies

  • Alexander went on to control areas in the Middle East and Asia


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Alexander’s Empire


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