Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
U.S. GCOS Program Update Atmospheric Domain OCO Annual System Review Workshop April 14, 2004. Howard Diamond NESDIS/NCDC, Silver Spring, Maryland U.S. GCOS Program Manager. Agenda. Background of U.S. GCOS Program Office Review of GCOS Atmospheric Networks
NESDIS/NCDC, Silver Spring, Maryland
U.S. GCOS Program Manager
GCOS Secretariat 26 May 1999
GCOS Secretariat 21 April 1999
COMPREHENSIVE MEASUREMENTS LONG TERM
However: The GAW Network is Much Bigger When Regional Stations Are Included (next slides for examples)
Compliments of WOUDC, Toronto Ed Hare Manager. Note that this map changes constantly as data is submitted to the data centre. Suggestions to correct any omissions are welcome by GAW. The red symbols represent sites of contributing partner NASA/SHADOZ.
Compliments of WOUDC, Toronto Ed Hare Manager. Note that this map changes constantly as data is submitted to the data centre. Suggestions to correct any omissions are welcome by GAW. The symbols represent different instrument types.
Surface Observation System
(V. Ramanathan, 2003)
Climate Components of:
Climate Components of:
Global Observing System Information Center (GOSIC) http://gosic.org
In President Bush’s June 2001 Rose Garden speech, he noted that national and international bodies have “identified the building of a global observing system to monitor climate as being crucial to improving our understanding of the science of climate change. This system must include developing countries that have limited resources to make the necessary measurements.” The President’s statement went further to announce that "the U.S. would provide resources to help build climate observation systems in developing countries throughout the world, and call upon other developed countries to provide matching funds for such an investment." In line with that, the President\'s Climate Change Research Initiative (CCRI) budget for fiscal year (FY) 2003 allocated resources for international climate observing. Given a full appropriation, and as directed, we would establish climate observing sites in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region through the Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) as well as allocating resources to the most critical needs and deficiencies of the GCOS atmospheric networks.
“I strongly believe that NOAA is the right agency to take a leadership role within the United States, but we know full well that we cannot do this alone. The global observation effort for climate is far too enormous for one organization, or even one country, to undertake alone. We must work together. Perhaps the greatest challenge is to develop one integrated observation plan for the atmosphere, ocean, and land which everyone can support. The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) and Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), working with the Integrated Global Observing Strategy (IGOS) Partners and others, have developed international consensus on overall needs. There is, however, much work still to be done. This challenge lies in our ability to provide one coherent plan which integrates space and in-situ observations across those three elements.”
Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S.Navy (Ret.) Undersecretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator, Speech to IOC and WMO - June 2002
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Framework for International
GCOS Support—Monitoring the Pulse of the Planet
INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR
THE SECOND REPORT ON THE ADEQUACY OF THE GLOBAL OBSERVING SYSTEMS FOR CLIMATE IN SUPPORT OF THE UNFCCC
GCOS – 82
(WMO/TD No. 1143)
Water vapor is the most important greenhouse gas. Yet such changes are extremely poorly known. Trends in the Boulder record and HALOE disagree. GCOS 2AR states we need at least 2 other stations to complement Boulder – one in the deep tropics (possibly Singapore) and one in the Southern Hemisphere (NZ)
There is an urgent need for a true baseline sonde network with better temporal sampling than the Boulder record. GUAN is not working well. Regular radiosondes are not good enough for climate monitoring.
Better to have fewer but better and more reliable sondes e.g., every 4 days (roughly the decorrelation time between independent T samples)?
Kevin Trenberth, NCAR, September 2003
GUAN Sites and Support – w/Guidance and In Coordination w/GCOS Secretariat
in FY03 (Total of $1080K)
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5
Pacific Region Integrated Data Center for Environmental Ocean, Climate, and Ecosystem Information and Services
Advance NOAA’s mission objectives and meet critical regional needs for ocean, climate, and ecosystem information to protect lives and property, support economic development and enhance the resilience of Pacific Island communities in the face of changing environmental conditions.
Summary – opportunity to integrate a variety of functions on a regional scale in a part of the world where:
Provide one-stop shop for NOAA products and services, responsive to needs of Pacific Island communities, governments & businesses
Pacific Climate Information
This joint IIPS/IOAS session on the Global Environmental Observing Systems is the third such session sponsored at AMS. In conjunction with the 9th Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS) Conference this session is related to global environmental observing systems including, but not limited to, the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), and Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS).
This joint session is directly related to the overall theme of the 85th AMS Meeting of "Building the Earth Information System" It is timely, given the recent work related to the Earth Observation Summit, and related Group on Earth Observations (GEO). Abstracts for this session may be submitted either to the IIPS or to the IOAS-AOLS conference.
See AMS web site for more details at http://www.ametsoc.org