The Major Byzantine Churches of Athens . Elizabeth Elliott 4/14/08. Byzantine Style. Byzantine Empire (330ad–1453ad) Because of the location of the Byzantine empire, the art and architecture is a combination of Greek, Roman, and Oriental styles
Icon with Saint Theodosia
Icon with the Archangel Gabriel
All Byzantine churches have domes with windows to let the light in, and paintings and mosaics decorating the interior.
(Holy Apostles Solaki)
Late 10th Century
Agii Assomati (Saint Assomati)
Early 11th Century
Agios Ioannis Theologos(St. John the Theologian)
11th-12th CenturySotira Lykodimou(The Savior of Lykodimos)11th Century
Many theories as to what “Kapnikarea” means - the church was probably sponsered by a person collecting the “Kapnikon” tax (a tax on houses)
Built almost entirely of marble except for the dome which is made of brick and other stonesPanagia Kapnikarea
Built in the late 12th century
4th Century cornice has survived representing celebrations from the Attic calendar, but the artists tried to Christianize it by putting crosses between the scenes.Panagia Gorgoupekous(Virgin Mary)
Converted by St. Paul
Became the first bishop of Athens
Is the patron saint of Athens
Started in 1923 and completed in 1931, but layout, composition, and interior decoration are inspired by Byzantine churches
Designed by Anastassios Orlandos who was an architect and archeologist and studied classical, Byzantine, and post-Byzantine Greece. He also taught Byzantine Architecture at the University of Athens.Agios Dionysios Areopagitis
Designed in 1844 by Leo von Klenze who was one of the first people to begin trying to preserve the Acropolis
Completed in 1865Agios Dionysios Areopagite (Catholic Church)
"Byzantine Art." History Link 101. Ed. Eric Rhymer. 2000-2008. 13 Apr. 2008 <http://www.historylink101.com/lessons/art_history_lessons/ma/ byzantine_art.htm>.
"Byzantium: Faith and Power." The Metropolitan Meseum of Art. 2000-2008. 13 Apr. 2008 <http://www.metmuseum.org/special/Byzantium/byzantium_main.asp>.
"Churches In Athens." Athens Info Guide. 2004-2008. 13 Apr. 2008 <http://www.athensinfoguide.com/wtschurches.htm>.
"Leo Von Klenze." The Getty. Getty Museum. 13 Apr. 2008 <http://www.getty.edu/ art/gettyguide/artMakerDetails?maker=332>.
New Advent . 2007. 13 Apr. 2008 <http://www.newadvent.org/>.
Patron Saints Index. Ed. Terry H Jones. 13 Apr. 2008 <http://saints.sqpn.com/ saintd04.htm>.