On the road to the white house information resources on presidential nomination
1 / 19

On the Road to the - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

On the Road to the White House: Information Resources on Presidential Nomination. John Hernandez Politics & U.S. Documents Librarian February 25, 2004. On the Show This Morning…. Background on Presidential Nomination Information Resources (Current & Historical)

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'On the Road to the ' - Sharon_Dale

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
On the road to the white house information resources on presidential nomination l.jpg

On the Road to the White House:Information Resources on Presidential Nomination

John Hernandez

Politics & U.S. Documents Librarian

February 25, 2004

On the show this morning l.jpg
On the Show This Morning…

  • Background on Presidential Nomination

  • Information Resources (Current & Historical)

    • Primary Debates & Campaign Advertising

    • Primaries & Caucuses

    • Party Platforms & Conventions

    • Public Opinion

  • Third Parties

Eligibility to run for president l.jpg
Eligibility to Run for President

  • Article II, Section 1

    • Natural-born citizen

    • At least 35 years of age

    • U.S. resident for at least 14 years

  • 22nd Amendment

    • No one may serve more than two full terms

  • No official requirement of previous elective office or military service

Pre nomination phase l.jpg
Pre-Nomination Phase

  • Raise money

  • Test the waters via exploratory committees

  • Formally name campaign committees

  • File with the Federal Election Commission http://www.fec.gov/

  • Publicly announce candidacy

Campaign advertising l.jpg
Campaign Advertising

  • Positive public image of candidate

  • Negative image of opposition

  • Sources for ads & public statements

    • Running for President: The Candidates and Their Images, 1789-1992

    • Candidate statements via Project Vote Smart http://www.vote-smart.org/

    • Campaign announcements & ads via C-SPAN http://www.c-span.org/vote2004/profiles.asphttp://www.c-span.org/vote2004/campads.asp

Primary debates l.jpg
Primary Debates

  • Held between candidates of the same party

  • Initial fight for popularity

  • Opportunity to set campaign rhetoric, issues and agenda

  • First debate held 1948 in Oregon between NY Gov. Thomas Dewey & former MN Gov. Harold Stassen

Sources of debates l.jpg
Sources of Debates

  • Newspaper coverage

    • Proquest Historical Newspapers

    • LexisNexis

    • NewsBank

  • Videos

    • Vanderbilt University Television News Archive http://tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/

    • C-SPAN Archives http://www.c-spanarchives.org/

History of the primary caucus l.jpg
History of the Primary/Caucus

  • Congressional caucuses were the traditional method of selecting nominees until 1824

  • Multi-tiered nominating caucus-conventions began in the 1830s to reflect popular will

  • Primaries began about 1910 in state elections

    • Pressure from Progressives

    • Applied to national elections as of 1948

  • U.S. Presidential Primaries and the Caucus-Convention System: A Sourcebook

Primary vs caucus l.jpg

Election to nominate party candidates for the general election

Voters elect delegates to national convention

Voting can be closed (only registered party members) or open (non-registered)

Meeting of party members or leaders to select nominees

Delegates to national convention are chosen

Often used with state convention

Support for a candidate registered by public declaration

Primary vs. Caucus

Delegate scorecard l.jpg
Delegate Scorecard election

  • Number of delegates & assignments defined by national parties

  • As candidates drop out, delegates are redistributed

  • Unpledged delegates are aligned as the process continues

Iowa new hampshire l.jpg
Iowa & New Hampshire election

  • First in the nation

    • Iowa Caucus/New Hampshire Primary

  • Front-loading

    • Six-week period between February & March

  • Winners here often take the convention

Super tuesday l.jpg
Super Tuesday election

  • Began with Southern Legislative Conference 1988

  • Provides over half of the needed delegates

  • This year is March 2, 2004

    • CA (370), NY (236) & OH (140)

    • MA (93), GA (86), MN (72) & MD (69)

    • CT (49), RI (21), & VT (15)

Primary caucus results l.jpg
Primary & Caucus Results election

  • Official state tallies

    • State Departments of State

    • Federal Election Commission

  • Unofficial compiled sources

    • America at the Polls, 1920-2000

    • America Votes (1956-present)

    • United States Presidential Primary Elections, 1968-1996

    • CNN.com American Votes 2004 http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2004/

National party conventions l.jpg
National Party Conventions election

  • National party platform is finalized and announced

  • Delegates tallied to determine the party’s nominees

  • Nominees for President and Vice President are announced

  • Acceptance speeches are made

  • Race for the general election begins

Party platforms l.jpg
Party Platforms election

  • Statement of the party’s agenda and positions

  • Comprised of “planks” or specific issue statements

  • Platform sources

    • Official proceedings of party conventions

    • National Party Platforms, 1840-1976

      • 1980 supplement

    • National Party Conventions, 1831-1992

    • The American Presidency Project http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/

Public opinion polls l.jpg
Public Opinion Polls election

  • Began in earnest circa 1972

  • Used to project winners & losers

    • “Horse race” coverage

  • Largely consist of exit polls & surveys

  • Conducted by major news networks, papers & pollsters

    • ABC, CBS, CNN, New York Times, L.A. Times

    • Gallup, Zogby, Harris, Roper

Public opinion sources l.jpg
Public Opinion Sources election

  • Opinion poll indexes/databases

    • Polling the Nations

    • iPoll Databank

    • American Public Opinion Index

  • News sources

  • NES Guide to Public Opinion & Electoral Behavior

    • Evaluation of Presidential Candidates http://www.umich.edu/~nes/nesguide/gd-index.htm#7

Third parties l.jpg
Third Parties election

  • Often not reported due to relative size, influence, and non-mainstream focus

  • Spoilers may get better coverage (i.e. Green Party)

  • Generally necessary to research the parties individually

  • Third Party Presidential Nominating Conventions, Proceedings, Records, Etc.

    • Microfilm good for historical coverage of select third parties

    • PUL does not own, Penn State & NYPL do.

Tune in next time when john says l.jpg
Tune in Next Time electionWhen John Says…

Don’t blame me, I voted for the other guy!