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North Africa and Southwest Asia (Middle East). Leading countries according to GDP. Kuwait United Arab Emirates Qatar Israel. Leading countries according to Land size. Algeria Saudi Arabia Libya. Leading countries according to population. Iran Turkey Egypt. Physical Characteristics.

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Leading countries according to GDP

  • Kuwait

  • United Arab Emirates

  • Qatar

  • Israel


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Leading countries according to Land size

  • Algeria

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Libya



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Physical Characteristics

  • Area is the crossroads of Europe, Africa, and Asia

  • It has a primarily desert or semi-arid climate

  • Sahara, Sahel, and steppes are the primary vegetation region


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  • Three main mountain ranges into sparse desert scrub-like vegetation

    • 1. Atlas Mountains in northern Algeria and Morocco

    • 2. Taurus Mountains in southern Turkey

    • 3. Zagros Mountains in western Iran


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  • Examples : role

    • Persian Gulf/Arabian Gulf

    • Strait of Hormuz

    • Arabian Sea

    • Red Sea


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  • Other important bodies of water role

  • Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Bosporus Strait, Dardanelles Strait, Nile River (longest in the world), Tigris and Euphrates (home to the world’s first civilization) and the Jordan River


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Economic Characteristics fresh water makes it possible for life to exist in a dry area) and wadi (a gully or usually dry river bed cut by running water after a downpour)

  • The area has a heavy reliance on primary economic activities such as oil drilling, agriculture and herding/grazing


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  • Positive effects Exporting Countries --jobs, revenue, position of power

  • Negative effects--reliance on one industry, pollution, unequal distribution of wealth


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  • Water is the region’s Exporting Countries MOSTPRECIOUS resource

  • Aswan High Dam has had positive and negative effects on the region.

  • Suez Canal enhanced shipping routes in the region


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  • Positive effects of the Aswan High dam Exporting Countries

    • Controls flooding, recreation areas, power

  • Negative effects of the Aswan high Dam

    • land losing fertility, lost homes when dam built,


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Cultural Characteristics time.

  • The area has experienced rapid urbanization

  • Most modernization has centered around urban areas and more traditional life has continued in the rural areas


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Cities as centers of trade and culture religions;

  • Baghdad, Iraq

  • Cairo, Egypt

  • Istanbul, Turkey

  • Jerusalem, Israel

  • Mecca, Saudi Arabia

  • Tehran, Iran


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Cultural Landscape religions;

  • Mosques, minarets

  • Church of the Holy Sepulcher

  • Hagia Sophia

  • bazaars, sugs

  • Western Wall (of Jerusalem)


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Sahara desert religions;


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Oasis religions;



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Prayer Rugs religions;


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Oil Rigs religions;


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Kaaba religions;


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Dome of the Rock religions;


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Hagia Sophia religions;



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Pyramids religions;


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Western Wall religions;


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Western Wall religions;


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