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Macroeconomic Development in Albania - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA MINISTRY OF ECONOMY, TRADE AND ENRGY. A L B A N I A. Population 3,619,778 habitans Total area 28,748 sq km Population growth rate:0.538% Birth rate:15.22 births/1,000 population Death rate:5.44 deaths/1,000 population

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republic of albania ministry of economy trade and enrgy
REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA

MINISTRY OF ECONOMY, TRADE AND ENRGY

a l b a n i a
A L B A N I A
  • Population 3,619,778 habitans
  • Total area 28,748 sq km
  • Population growth rate:0.538%
  • Birth rate:15.22 births/1,000 population
  • Death rate:5.44 deaths/1,000 population
  • Net migration rate: -4.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population.
  • Infant mortality rate:19.31 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Total fertility rate: 2.02 children born/woman
  • Religions:Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%
albania economy development macro economic indicator 2007
ALBANIA Economy DevelopmentMacro-Economic Indicator 2007
  • Albania economy for the fiscal year 2007 has recorded a sustainable growth and in acordance with foreseen.
  • Real aconomik growth rate has rezulted at a level of 6 %.
  • Gross domestic production in nominal terms has resulted at 997 bilion leke, and real GDP is estimated at 945.52 bilion leke.
  • Gros domestik production per capita for fiscal year 2007 is estimated at 3 402 USD per capita or same 9.3 % more than in previous year.
  • Avarage rate of yearly inflation for 2007 was 2.9% towards the 3% predicted.
  • Economic crediting in country level has resulted on high level at 48.5 % of GDP. The credit ratio of economy refer the DGP has recorded an extention by 8.8%
foreing trade
Foreing Trade
  • Development of external sector has follow an growth tendency.
  • Exports for year 2007 has registered a growth at 29%, meanwhile the imports are increased at 18%.
  • Trade deficit in Albania still remain in high level at 28% of GDP
  • Covering ration (export/import) reached at 23%
  • Main partner country from EU countries still remain Italy and Greece. Importes and exports (from this countrie) are respectively 35% and 13%.
foreign direct investment fdi
Foreign Direct Investment(FDI)
  • Analysing the FDI for 2007 rezulted that FDI for 2007are increased by450-470 milion Euro towords 260 milion euro/year in previous year.
  • FDI for year 2007 has registered an increase nearly 70% compare to 2006.
  • In the energetic the development are optimistic, not only for the achieved concenssion, but also for the expected one to be realized in 2008.
employment
Employment
  • Employment remain still one of the main priority of government.
  • Unemployment rate has sign a decrease in average 0.5-1 %/year.
  • Unemployment rate for 2007 is estimated 13.1% decreasing by 0.65 compare with previous year.
  • Employment on industrial sector was increased by 7%,mainly by increasing the employment on
emploiment continue
Emploiment (continue)
  • The sectorial strategy on employment seeks to improve the employment service system and vocational education and reduction of unemployment. The main objectives are:
  • Creating opportunities for employment, through economic growth.
  • Implementation of efficient programs for the development of the labor market through development of information network, vocational traing, and fiscal incentives.
  • The promotion of employment programs will be realised in cooperation of the civil society, business organizations and development of the SME sector.
  • The government is comitted to undertake a comprehensive reform in education system from the state budget and in cooperation with international financial organizations, and including the contribution of the private sector.
  • The public expenses for education will cover 5% of the GDP share for the 2009 year.
migration and impacts on economy
Migration and impacts on economy.
  • Over more than a decade up to 20% of population of Albania has migrated.
  • The economic impact data of emigration are as follow:
  • Based on data, the contribution of the remittances during 10years is 15% of Albania GDP.
  • The contribution of the remittance in the commercial balance during last 10 years is estimated to be 58.8%
national strategy on migration and actions taken from albania government
National Strategy on Migration and actions taken from Albania Government.
  • The Albania Government has envisage the adoption of National Strategy on Migration.
  • This strategy complements other interrelated policies such as those cancerning employmet and socio-economic development especially regard to remittance manegement.
  • Also for implementation of strategy is compile and action-plan.
  • This actin –Plan details for every of 66 measures agreed upon all the necessary elements for its implementation(objectives,activities required, politically responsible body etc)
  • The albania government has decided to create a new agency covering migration policy in a very broad sense, as one of a first step for implementation of Action-Plan.
reduction of the informal economy for year 2007
Reduction of the Informal Economy for Year 2007
  • There have been colected about 38.8 miliard lek contribution or 2 milliard Albania leke more than the year 2006
  • The level of the employers’amount of social contribution is decreased by 33%.
  • The insurance scheme is increased with 40 thousand new contributors.
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