Local Consequences of international actions. How changes to the EU Sugar Protocol impact on the rural poor in Swaziland. IFAD (2001) Population in absolute poverty: billions. The paradox of rural development.
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Local Consequences of international actions
How changes to the EU Sugar Protocol impact on the rural poor in Swaziland
Made up 97 per cent of production in 2000
Location of the sugar industry sugar mills
The sugar industry
Is located in the
Most irrigation on
title deed land:
25 000 persons on 27 000 ha
6 000 ha of irrigation costing
E 350 Million
Extra 80 000 Tonne sucrose
Expansion costing E 300 Million
83 Million cu m of water
E 400 Million
Quota is a Contract
Model 1: Convert all rain-fed farming to sugar cane
Model 2: Convert most rain-fed farming to sugar cane and allocate some irrigated land for food security
Model 3: Allocate each homestead an irrigated home garden
Model 1: Significant reduction in food security, especially for the poorest
Model 2: Provides some food security for those with least alternative incomes
Model 3: Enables many to produce significant increases in irrigated crops in addition to sugar cane.