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IPEC. International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour. Household surveys to identify child labourers: The SIMPOC experience. Fast-Track Initiative Partnership Meeting “Road to 2015” Copenhagen, 20 April 2009. IPEC.

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Household surveys to identify child labourers: The SIMPOC experience

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Household surveys to identify child labourers the simpoc experience l.jpg

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Household surveys to identify child labourers: The SIMPOC experience

Fast-Track Initiative Partnership Meeting “Road to 2015”

Copenhagen, 20 April 2009


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IPEC

This presentation will ……present the SIMPOC child labour survey programme…emphasize the importance of the recent ICLS Resolution on Child Labour Statistics… introduce SIMPOC instruments…highlight some of the essential schooling indicators in SIMPOC surveys; and….discuss key findings from SIMPOC surveys on the interplay between child labour and education

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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Global trends in child labour by major age group

(million)

246 million

2000

186

59

218 million

2004

166

52

200

250

100

50

150

0

Age groups:

5-14

15-17

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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Global trends in hazardous work by major age group

(millions)

2000

111

59

170 million

2004

126 million

52

74

200

100

50

150

0

Hazardous

Hazardous

5-14

15-17

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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Regional trends in the proportion of working children in the age group 5 – 14 years (%)

28.8

30

26.4

19.4

20

18.8

16.1

10

6.8

5.1

5.2

0

Latin America & Caribbean

Other regions

Asia and the Pacific

Sub-Saharan Africa

2004

2000

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


Proportion of working children in agriculture selected countries ages 5 14 source simpoc l.jpg

IPEC

Proportion of working children in agriculture(Selected countries, ages 5-14; source: SIMPOC)

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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Established in 1998

Statistical arm of the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

Assists countries in collecting data on extent, characterististics and determinants of child labour

Active in more than 60 countries

More than 300 surveys to date; 70 national household surveys on child labour

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Statistical Information and Monitoring

Programme on Child Labour

SIMPOC


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SIMPOC

USA

NETHER-

LANDS

CANADA

PORTUGAL

FRANCE

SWEDEN

ITALY

NORWAY

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Main donors


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

SIMPOC Activity Range


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Global Survey Coverage of SIMPOC

Bahamas

Barbados

Trinidad and Tobago

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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


Countries increasingly assess child labour trends l.jpg

IPEC

Countries increasingly assess child labour trends

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


International conference of labour statisticians icls 2008 resolution on child labour statistics l.jpg

IPEC

International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS) 2008 - Resolution on Child Labour Statistics

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

  • lays down fundamental concepts and definitions

  • sets standards for the statistical measurement of child labour

  • facilitates international comparability

  • provides guidance on measurement of hazardous work of children ...contd.


Icls 2008 resolution on child labour statistics l.jpg

IPEC

ICLS 2008 Resolution on Child Labour Statistics

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

  • elaborates on the statistical challenge of measuring the worst forms of child labour other than hazardous work

  • indicates how to take unpaid household services into account in the measurement of child labour


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Sound child labour data help us…

  • assess the nature and extent of child labour

  • set targets and priorities in the fight against child labour

  • increase public awareness

  • develop appropriate policies, programmes and legislation


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

IPEC-SIMPOC Main Child Labour (CL) Data CollectionApproaches .. 1


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

IPEC-SIMPOC Main Child Labour (CL) Data CollectionApproaches .. 2


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

IPEC-SIMPOC Main Child Labour (CL) Data CollectionApproaches .. 3


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

IPEC-SIMPOC Main Child Labour (CL) Data CollectionApproaches .. 4


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

IPEC-SIMPOC Main Child Labour (CL) Data CollectionApproaches .. 5


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

SIMPOC ‘Model’ Questionnaires (Qs)

2 types of SIMPOC model Qs

  • Questionnaire for a stand-alone household-based NCLS (in 3 parts)

  • Parts A and B: respondent is the most knowledgeable adult household member

  • Part C: addressed to each child (5-17)

  • Questionnaire for most essential CL questions (for a CL module attached to a national household-based survey, such as a labour force survey)


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Main objectives of SIMPOC ‘Model’ Qs

  • Collect information on:

  • Key employment variables (industry/occupation; hours of work, etc); and reasons for children engaging in work

  • Working conditions and potential impact on health, education, and physical/mental development

  • Unpaid household services

  • Key household variables such as distribution of household members by age/ sex/ etc. and information of household socio-economic status


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Contents of SIMPOC ‘Model’ Q for household-based NCLS .. 1

Part A:

Adult questionnaire (mainitems):

  • household composition and characteristics

  • educational attainment and school attendance of all household members

  • current activity status (of all household members) in reference week .. including industry engaged in/ occupation/ status in employment/ location of workplace/ weekly hours of work/ wages & earnings


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Contents of SIMPOC ‘Model’ Q for household-based NCLS .. 2

Part A:

Adult questionnaire (mainitems):

  • unemployment and search for work

  • usual employment status (of all household members) in last 12 months .. (details as for current activity)

  • unpaid household services (household chores) by major tasks and weekly hours performed


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Contents of SIMPOC ‘Model’ Q for household-based NCLS .. 3

Part B:

Household characteristics (mainitems):

  • housing characteristics

  • migration status

  • household socio-economic status:

    • ownership of durable assets

    • ownership of land and livestock

    • household monthly earnings & expenditure

    • household debt, if any


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Contents of SIMPOC ‘Model’ Q for household-based NCLS .. 4

Part C:

Child questionnaire (mainitems):

  • educational attainment and school attendance (level/grade completed, current level/grade attending, dropout and repetition, vocational training)

  • current activity status during reference week (whether engaged in economic activities, location of work place, industry, occupation, main reasons for work, status in employment, weekly hours worked, etc.)


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Contents of SIMPOC ‘Model’ Q for household-based NCLS .. 5

Part C:

Child questionnaire (mainitems):

  • earnings and how spent

  • mode of payment (paid employees only)

  • hazards and abuse at work place

  • injury/ illness due to work & treatment

  • engagement in unpaid household services (major tasks, weekly hours performed, and time of day when performed)


Questions from simpoc surveys on education of all household members l.jpg

IPEC

Questions from SIMPOC Surveys on education of ALL household members …

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

  • Can (NAME) read and write a short, simple statement with understanding in any language?

  • Is (NAME) attending school or pre-school during the current school year?

  • What is the level of school and grade that (NAME) is attending during the current school year?

  • Has (NAME) ever attended school?


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Questions from SIMPOC Surveys on education of ALL household members ...

  • What is the highest level of school and grade that (NAME) has attended?

  • What is/was the main reason why (NAME) has never attended school?


Questions from the simpoc child questionnaire on schooling indicators l.jpg

Questions from the SIMPOC child questionnaire on schooling indicators …

Can you read, and write a short, simple statement with understanding in any language?

Are you attending school or pre-school during the current school year?

What is the level of school and grade that you are currently attending?

At what age did you begin primary school?

Did you miss any school during the past seven days?

How many school days did you miss during the past seven days?

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


Questions from the simpoc child questionnaire on schooling indicators32 l.jpg

Questions from the SIMPOC child questionnaire on schooling indicators ...

Why did you miss school day(s) during the past seven days?

Have you ever attended school?

Why have you never attended school?

What is the highest level and grade of school you have attended?

At what age did you begin primary school?

At what age did you leave school?

Why did you leave school?

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Child labour and school attendance


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Effect of work intensity on school attendance rates


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

Educational cycle of working children


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


Www ilo org childlabour l.jpg

www.ilo.org/childlabour

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour


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