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Technologies for Homeland Security. Shana Dale Chief of Staff and General Counsel Office of Science and Technology Policy October 29, 2004. The President. Office of Management and Budget. Other Boards, Councils, etc. OSTP.

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Technologies for homeland security l.jpg

Technologies for Homeland Security

Shana Dale

Chief of Staff and General Counsel

Office of Science and Technology Policy

October 29, 2004


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The President

Office of Management and Budget

Other Boards, Councils, etc.

OSTP


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Role of White House Office of Science & Technology Policy

  • Advise the President

    • Provide S&T analysis and judgment with

      respect to major policies, plans, programs, & budgets

  • Lead the interagency effort to develop sound S&T policies and budgets

    • Set forth (along with OMB) the R&D priorities to guide the agencies when developing their budget

    • Co-chair National Science & Technology Council (NSTC)

      • Committee on Science

      • Committee on Technology

      • Committee on Environment & Natural Resources

      • Committee on National & Homeland Security


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OSTP Organization Chart

Director

NSTC

PCAST

Associate Director

for Science

Associate Director

for Technology

Chief of Staff& General Counsel

Deputy Associate

Director forTechnology

Deputy Associate

Director for Science

Senior DirectorSecurity

Assistant

DirectorNat. Security

Assistant

DirectorHmld. Security

Assistant

Director Life

Sciences

Assistant

DirectorEnvironment

Assistant

DirectorPhysical

Sciences

Engineering

Assistant

DirectorEducation Social Science

Assistant

DirectorSpace Aeronautics

Assistant

DirectorTelecom & Infm. Tech

Assistant

DirectorTechnology

ADMINISTRATIVESTAFF

FUNCTIONALSTAFF

Administration

Budget

Office SupportComputing

Legal affairs

Legislative affairs

Budget analysis

Communications


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OSTP / OMB Guidance Memorandum for FY 06 R&D Priorities

  • Homeland Security R&D

  • Networking & Information Technology

  • Nanotechnology

  • Physical Sciences

  • Biology of Complex Systems

  • Climate, Water, and Hydrogen R&D

    **Each Agency is required to request a budget that

    sustains the research important for its mission


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NSTC: Coordination of Federal Policy and Interagency Programs

  • A Cabinet-level council of advisers to the President on Science and Technology

  • Principal means to coordinate science and technology matters within the Federal research and development enterprise

  • Means to establish clear national goals for Federal science and technology investments


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Legend Programs

Informal

Under development

NSTC

Director, OSTP

Current NSTCStructureSeptember 2004

Committee on

Environment &

Natural Resources

Committee on

Science

Committee on

Technology

Committee on

Homeland and

National Security

WH: Olsen, NSF: Bement,

NIH: Zerhouni

WH: Russell

DOC: Bond

WH: Olsen,

EPA: Gilman,

DOC: Lautenbacher

WH: Dale

DOD: Wynne

DHS: McQueary

Research Business Models

Education & Workforce Dev.

Technology Dev.

Large Scale Science

Global Change Research

National Security R&D

Aquaculture

Networking & Information

Technology

Radiological/Nuclear

Countermeasures

Air Quality Research

Human Subjects Research

IWG Physics of the Universe

Disaster Reduction

Nanoscale Science, Eng.

& Technology

International

IWG Plant Genome

Ecosystems

WMD Medical

Countermeasures

IWG Dom. Animal Genomics

Manufacturing Research and Development

Toxics & Risks

IWG Prion Research

Standards

IWG Trans-boarder Samples

Water Availability & Quality

IWG Multinational Orgs

IWG Earth Observations

R&D Investment Criteria

Research Misconduct Policy

Infrastructure

Biotechnology

Aeronautics

IWG on Dioxin

Social, Behavioral & Econ.

Oceans

Health and the Environment


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National Strategy for Homeland Security (July 2002) Programs

  • Three priority objectives for homeland security:

    1. Prevent terrorist attacks within the U.S.

    2. Reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism

    3. Minimize damage and recover from attacks


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National Strategy for Homeland Security (July 2002) – Cont’d.

  • Critical Mission Areas:- Intelligence & Warning- Border & Transportation Security- Domestic Counterterrorism- Protecting Critical Infrastructure & Assets- Defending against Catastrophic Threats- Emergency Preparedness & Response

  • Foundations:- Law- Science & Technology- Information Sharing & Systems- International Cooperation


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National Strategy for Homeland Security (July 2002) – Cont’d.

  • S&T Priorities (in S&T Foundations Chapter):- CBRN Countermeasures- Systems for Detecting Hostile Intent- Biometric Technology- Technical Capabilities of First Responders- R&D Coordination- Homeland Security Laboratories- Technical Analysis- Rapid Prototyping- Demonstrations & Pilot Deployments- Standards for Homeland Security Technology- Cutting edge Research


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Defending Against Catastrophic Threats (Biological) Cont’d.

  • Detection: Biosurveillance Initiative

    • National Biosurveillance Integration System (health and intelligence data integration)

    • Project BioWatch (biological sensors)

    • Project BioSense (analysis of key medical data)


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Defending Against Catastrophic Threats (Biological) – Cont’d.

  • Medical Countermeasures: Bioshield

    - Develop & stockpile drugs, vaccines & medical equipment for rapid distribution in emergency situation


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Biometrics Cont’d.

  • NSTC Interagency Working Group on Biometrics

  • U.S.-VISIT is up and operating

  • Several projects are underway to further test biometrics technologies


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Detecting Hostile Intent – Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences

  • Basic research in human & social dynamics

  • Detection of deception

  • DHS Center of Excellence in Behavioral and Social Aspects of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism

  • Coordination through NSTC’s Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences Subcommittee


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1 Economic Sciencesst Responder Technology

  • Speed existing technology to the field

  • Develop standards to guide state/local technology purchases

  • Research and Technology Development- Interoperable Communications- Search & Rescue Robotics


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1 Economic Sciencesst Responder Technology (Cont’d)

  • Medical Emergency Preparedness- Noble Training Center- HHS guides for deploying medical countermeasures

  • Emergency Planning- Protective Action Guides (PAGs)- Critical Infrastructure Protection – Decision Support System (CIP-DSS)


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Conclusion Economic Sciences

“We refuse to remain idle while modern technology might be turned against us; we will rally the great promise of American science and innovation to confront the greatest danger of our time.”

--President Bush, July 21, 2004


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