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……”Who are you, sir?” to him I said,
“For what is it you look?”
His answer trickled through my head
Like bloodstains in a book…..
“Five thousand years ago
Is really, when I think of it,
The choicest age I know.
And once you learn to scorn A.D.
And you have got the knack,
Then you could come and dig with
And never wander back.”
But I was thinking how to thrust
Some arsenic into tea,
And could not all at once adjust
My mind so far B.C.
I looked at him and softly sighed,
His face was pleasant too…..
“Come tell me how you live?” I cried,
And what it is you do?”
remains of man’s past…..
Archaeology ) stone, clay tablets, wood, metal, papyrus, parchment
buildings, sculptures, ceramics, tools,
weaponry, jewelry, coins, food, bones
1. It provides the color for the black-and-
white sketch of history
2. Historical records are by no means complete
3. Helps in the translation and
explanation of languages
4. Validates some literature that was thought to be inaccurate
A level of cultural attainment marked by:
Several skills used long before excavation begins in the field:
Writing and analytical skills
To preserve alive the people of Egypt. For Thou hast made them for thyself, Thou lord of them all….
What in our modern societies would leave no remains?
Lava flow from volcanic eruptions
Later occupants: “Philistine garbage pits”
Derived from the careful recording of the
matrix, provenience, and association
More than just a spot, a position in time and space…..involves assessing how
the find got to its position and what
happened since its deposition
“TIME IS LIKE A RIVER MADE UP OF THE EVENTS WHICH HAPPEN, AND A VIOLENT STREAM; FOR AS SOON AS A THING HAS BEEN SEEN, IT IS CARRIED AWAY, AND ANOTHER COMES IN ITS PLACE, AND THIS WILL BE CARRIED AWAY, TOO.”
HOW OLD IS IT?
The temporal ordering of data
The measurement of time and the ordering of prehistoric cultures in chronological sequence has been of the archaeologist’s major preoccupations since the very beginning of scientific research
A means for ordering data
More effort has been devoted to inventing methods of chronometric dating in archaeology than to almost any other aspect of the subject.