chem150 survey of biochemistry
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Chem150 - Survey of Biochemistry. Introduction. Introduction. The chemistry we will focus on this semester Organic Chemistry The chemistry of carbon Functional groups Biochemistry The chemistry of living systems. Organic Chemistry. Organic Chemistry.

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Presentation Transcript
introduction
Introduction
  • The chemistry we will focus on this semester
    • Organic Chemistry
      • The chemistry of carbon
      • Functional groups
    • Biochemistry
      • The chemistry of living systems
organic chemistry4
Organic Chemistry
  • Hydrocarbons represent the starting point
    • Contain only carbon and hydrogen
    • Groups include Alkanes, alkenes and alkynes

Butane

organic chemistry5
Organic Chemistry
  • Organic molecule are organized into functional groups
    • Many contain elements other than carbon and hydrogen
      • Oxygen
      • Nitrogen
      • Sulfur
      • Halogens (F, Cl, Br, & I)
organic chemistry7
Organic Chemistry
  • Functional Groups
    • Hydroxyl groups (alcohols)

Hydroxyl

Group

1-Butanol

organic chemistry8
Organic Chemistry
  • Functional Groups
    • Amino groups (amines)

Amino

Group

1-Butylamine

organic chemistry9
Organic Chemistry
  • Functional Groups
    • Carbonyl groups (aldehydes and ketones)

Aldehyde

Group

Butanal

organic chemistry10
Organic Chemistry
  • Functional Groups
    • Carboxyl groups (carboxylic acids)

Carboxyl

Group

Butanoic acid

organic chemistry11
Organic Chemistry
  • Functional Groups
    • Functional group affect the physical and chemical properties of organic molecules.

Butane (alkane)

Butanol (alcohol)

Butylamine (amine)

Butanoic acid (carboxylic acid)

water

Butanal (aldehyde)

organic chemistry12
Organic Chemistry
  • Functional Groups
    • chemical structure affects drug or hormone-receptor interactions
organic chemistry13
Organic Chemistry
  • Functional Groups
    • Is this even possible? Or this?

http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2008/08/airborne.shtm

http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2007/08/hoodia.shtm

survey question clicker
Survey Question (Clicker)
  • Do you think there is some validity to HeadOn as a headache cure?
    • Yes
    • No
    • I don’t know

What chemical questions would you want to have answered to decide ?

survey question clicker15
Survey Question (Clicker)
  • Do you have concerns about Nalgene bottles and health risks (esp to babies)?
    • Yes
    • No
    • I don’t know

What chemical questions would you want to have answered to decide ?

nalgene polycarbonates
Nalgene polycarbonates

What chemical questions would you want to have answered to decide ?

pharmacophore in the news bisphenol a
PHARMACOPHORE IN THE NEWS: Bisphenol A

http://e.hormone.tulane.edu/learning/estrogens.html

biochemistry
Biochemistry
  • Biological molecules
    • Amino acids and Proteins
    • Carbohydrates and Polysaccharides
    • Nucleotides and Nucleic acids
    • Lipids (Fats, oils)
biochemistry20
Biochemistry
  • Biological molecules
    • Aminoacids and Proteins

Carboxylic Acid

Group

Amino

Group

Alanine

biochemistry21
Biochemistry
  • Biological molecules
    • Carbohydrates and Polysaccharides

Glucose

biochemistry22
Biochemistry
  • Biological molecules
    • Lipids (Fats, oils)

Triglyceride

biochemistry23
Biochemistry
  • Biological Macromolecules
    • Proteins, Polysaccharides and Nucleic Acids
  • Metabolism
    • Taking things apart
    • Putting things together
  • Obtaining and using energy
  • Regulation of processes.
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