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Chapter 2: Housing Market Analysis. Chapter 2: Housing Market Analysis. Section 1: Housing Supply for Owners and Renters Section 2: Age of Housing Units Section 3: Type of Housing Units Section 4: Condition of Housing Units Section 5: Housing Cost and Value

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Chapter 2 housing market analysis l.jpg

Chapter 2: Housing Market Analysis


Chapter 2 housing market analysis2 l.jpg
Chapter 2: Housing Market Analysis

  • Section 1: Housing Supply for Owners and Renters

  • Section 2: Age of Housing Units

  • Section 3: Type of Housing Units

  • Section 4: Condition of Housing Units

  • Section 5: Housing Cost and Value

  • Section 6: Housing Availability and Vacancy

  • Section 7: Special Needs Housing Supply

  • Section 8: Subsidized Units

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


Section 1 housing supply by rental and ownership status l.jpg
Section 1: Housing Supply by Rental and Ownership Status

  • 64% of the occupied housing units in Pima County (214,000 total) are ownership units.

  • 36% of the housing stock (119,000) are rental units.

  • 67% of the occupied housing units in Urban County (49,111) are ownership units.

  • 33% of the housing stock (24,249) are rental units.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


Housing supply by rental and ownership status l.jpg
Housing Supply by Rental and Ownership Status

  • 54% (103,229) of the housing stock in Tucson is ownership units.

  • 46% (89,717) of the housing stock is rental units (US Census, 2000).

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


Figure 13 pima county renter occupied housing units census 2000 l.jpg
Figure 13 – Pima County Renter-Occupied Housing Units (Census 2000)

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 2: Age of Housing Units Units (Census 2000)

  • Over 70% of the housing units were constructed after 1970; 94% after 1950.

  • Twice as many houses were built from 1970-1989 than were built from 1950-1969.

  • Construction of new housing units fell off somewhat in the 1980s, but increased marginally in the 1990s.

  • In Pima County 62,800 dwelling units will reach the age of at least 50 years old by 2010

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Age of Housing Units, Urban County Units (Census 2000)

  • Over 74% of the housing units were constructed after 1970; 95% after 1950.

  • The market for home construction in Urban County peaked in the 1970s.

  • The housing market slowed somewhat during the 1980s, but rebounded in the 1990s.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Manufactured Housing and Mobile Homes Units (Census 2000)

  • There are a total of 39,441 manufactured/mobile homes in Pima County. Nearly one half (48%) were built prior to 1979.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Lead Based Paint Hazards Units (Census 2000)

  • Lead is a highly toxic substance that can cause irreversible brain damage in children under 6 years of age. Use of lead in paint was banned in 1978.

  • The Arizona Department of Health Services Lead Poisoning Prevention Program identified areas of high risk (by zip code) for lead poisoning in 2003.

  • In Tucson, 9 zip codes were identified as having high risk for lead poisoning (85701, 85705, 85708, 85711, 85713, 85714, 85716, 85719, and 85735)

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Figure 14 – Incidents of Lead Based Paint Poisoning (Pima County Health Dept)

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Recent Trends in Construction Rates County Health Dept)

  • After a slow-down in construction in the early 1990s, residential construction has increased in recent years (Source: Arizona Construction Report, Arizona Real Estate Center, ASU).

  • There were over 4,000 more residential building permits issued in 2003 than in 1997.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


Trends in residential building permits tucson l.jpg
Trends in Residential Building Permits, Tucson County Health Dept)

  • Construction of single-family homes has seen a significant upward trend since the early 1990s (Source: City of Tucson, Dept. of Urban Planning and Design).

  • Permits issued for mobile homes and multi-family homes have decreased since the mid-1990s.

  • The number of permits issued for townhouses has remained steady through this time period.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Age of Housing Stock County Health Dept)

  • Houses constructed before 1980 are potential risks for lead poisoning (Lead paint was banned in 1978).

  • 54% of the total units (200,000) in Pima County were constructed before 1980.

  • In Tucson, 65% of the housing units were constructed before 1980.

  • In the Pima County 62,800 dwelling units will reach the age of at least 50 years old by 2010

  • 53% of the housing units in Urban County were constructed before 1980 and therefore have an increased risk for lead poisoning.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 3: Type of Housing Units County Health Dept)

  • In 2000, there were 366,737 housing units in Pima County.

  • 62% of these units are single-family structures.

  • In 2000, there were 81,293 housing units in Urban County.

  • 65% of these units are single-family structures.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Type of Housing Units County Health Dept)

  • In 2000, there were 209,792 housing units in Tucson.

  • 57% of these were single-family structures.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Single and Multi-Family Units by Sub-Region County Health Dept)

  • Tucson has a higher percentage of multi-family units (35%) and a lower percentage of single-family units (57%) as compared to Urban County or Pima County.

  • Urban County has the lowest percentage of multi-family units, at 21%.

  • Pima County has a higher percentage of mobile homes, at 13% than Tucson, with 8% mobile homes.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Bedrooms in Housing Units County Health Dept)Pima County, 2000

  • There are more 3-bedroom housing units in Pima County than any other size unit.

  • Almost all large units are owner- occupied.

  • Nearly all studio units are rental housing.

  • Most of the rental units are 1 or 2 bedrooms.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Bedrooms in Housing Units County Health Dept)Urban County, 2000

  • There are more 3-bedroom housing units in Urban County than any other size unit.

  • Almost all large units are owner- occupied.

  • Over 80% of studio units in Urban County are rental units.

  • 75% of the rental units in Urban County have fewer than 3 bedrooms.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 4: Condition of Housing Units County Health Dept)

  • Households living in overcrowded conditions increased by 47% in the 1990s.

  • Of the 23,380 overcrowded households in 2000, 46% were living in severely overcrowded conditions.

  • HUD defines units with 1 to 1.5 persons per room as overcrowded.

  • Units with more than 1.5 persons per room are considered severely overcrowded.

  • As evidence of need there were over 1,900 responses to housing and property complaints in 2004

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 5: Housing Cost and Value County Health Dept)

  • The trends in median sale prices of residential homes was obtained from the Tucson Housing Market Letter.

  • In November 2004, the median sale price for a residential home in the Tucson Metro area was $187,819.

  • Since 1995, the median sale price of single-family homes has increased 37.3%.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 6: Housing Availability and Vacancy County Health Dept)

  • 68,530 housing units were added between 1990 and 2000, an increase of 23%.

  • Of the units added in the 1990’s, 24% were rental units.

  • There was a higher growth rate in households (34%) than housing units between 1990 and 2000.

  • There was a decrease in overall vacancy from 12.2% (36,415) in 1990 to 9.4% (34,387) in 2000 (Source: US Census).

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 7: Special Needs Housing Supply County Health Dept)

  • There is an undersupply of permanent or supportive housing for people with special needs.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 8: Subsidized Units County Health Dept)

Homeless Facilities:

  • In 2004 there were 2,738 homeless single adults and 1,470 homeless persons in families with children for a total of 4,208 homeless persons

  • There are 4,489 HUD Section 8 subsidies

  • Public housing units totaled 1,679 units including 719 for the elderly or disabled adults and 961 units for families

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 8 Assistance County Health Dept)

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Section 8 Assistance County Health Dept)

  • As of March 2005, there were 4,489 active vouchers issued by Section 8 in Pima County.

  • Approximately 400 of these turned over in the previous year.

  • The total number of Section 8 vouchers only increased by 38 from 2002 to 2004.

  • Assuming that 50% of the waiting list is eventually determined to be eligible, the average wait to receive a voucher is just over 1.5 years.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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Key Findings – Housing Market Analysis County Health Dept)

  • The number of households in Pima County is growing at a faster rate than the number of housing units. There are fewer vacant housing units than in 1990.

  • There has been an increase in the number of households living in overcrowded conditions.

  • Most rental units have one or two bedrooms. Lack of larger rental units contributes to the occurrence of overcrowded conditions.

  • The majority of housing units in Pima County are at risk for lead paint poisoning.

  • There seems to be a shortage of supportive housing units for the mentally ill and persons with HIV/AIDS given the small number of units available, and the large number of these special needs populations.

City of Tucson and Pima County CON Plan

FY2006-10


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