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Welcome to SEASON TWO Four - Season 2 SALT SALT Session 4 Four - Season 2 JESUS AS TEACHER AND HEALER “and some seed fell on rich soil and produced fruit.” Mark 4:8 Welcome, Gather Four - Season 2 Opening Prayer

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Welcome to SEASON TWO

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Welcome toSEASON TWO

Four - Season 2

SALT

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


SALT Session 4

Four - Season 2

JESUS AS TEACHER AND HEALER

“and some seed fell on rich soil and produced fruit.” Mark 4:8

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Welcome, Gather

Four - Season 2

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Opening Prayer

Four - Season 2

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Goals

  • Text: Understand Mark’s interpretation of Jesus as teacher and healer

  • Spiritual: Explore the meaning of miracle stories and parables as invitation to faith

  • Action: Recognize our need to respond to Jesus as teacher and healer

Four - Season 2

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Leadership Focus

  • Concerns, tasks, means and leadership

    • Member

    • Facilitators

      • Evaluation of the facilitating team

  • Hospitality Tasks

    • Next Week

  • Prayer Tasks

  • Facilitator/ Recorder Tasks

    • 10 minute evaluation with Facilitators/Recorders

Four - Season 2

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Small Group

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Break

10 Minutes

Remember Purchase Fair Trade Coffee: Justice in Every Cup

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Review Session 3

  • Elements Develop Mark’s Narrative

  • The Drama Builds

  • Power Struggle (1:1-13)

  • Messianic Secret (a misnomer)

  • Story Types

  • Myth in Mark/Parable

  • Who is Jesus?

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Mark 1:14-8:21

  • Parables

  • Miracles

    • Announce that the Reign of God is at hand

    • Reflect the universal mission of Jesus

    • Show us Mark’s Christology

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Jesus Speaks in Parables

  • Jesus was a skilled teacher, speaker

  • Used literary forms from prophetic/wisdom tradition

    • Parable used most frequently (as did Ezekiel)

    • Favored Rabbinic storytelling method

      • Parables often puzzling sayings, strong images

        • Purpose is to confront not clarify

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Parable: Literary Form

  • Greek parabole: root meaning from placing two items side by side to compare them

  • Hebrew masai (pl. masalim): which covers a much wider variety of literary forms (metaphors, similes, allegories, riddles)

    • Objective: not literal comparison, not comparison of details of the story, but of the situation as a whole

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Recent Scholarship re: Parables

  • Reflection of daily lives of ordinaryFirst Century people living in Palestine

  • Shows how the form developed

  • Poetic as much as rhetorical (prose)

  • Narrative (when read as stories)

  • Drama

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Mark’s Use of Parables

  • Six parables, plus parable-like sayings

  • All, except the parable of the seed, are found in Mark and Luke

  • Characteristics of Mark’s parables:

    • Rural conditions, village life, farming, nature

    • Only 12:1-11, Parable of the Tenants/Wicked Husbandmen, has interaction of persons, placed apart from others

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Parables In Mark

  • 4:3-9Sower

  • 4:26-29Seed growing secretly: Kingdom

  • 4:30-32Mustard seed: Kingdom

  • 12:1-11Wicked husbandmen

  • 13:28-29Fig tree

  • 13:34-37Doorkeeper

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Parable like sayings of Mark:

  • 2:19-20Guests of the bridegroom

  • 2:21-22Patched garment, old wineskins

  • 3:23-27Beelzebub parables

  • 4:21-25The Sayings of Mark

  • 7:1-23Riddle on things that defile

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Church Interprets Parables

  • Meaning often illusive

    • changes with audience

  • Exegesis may determine boundaries of incorrect interpretation:

    • still leaves broad field for valid interpretation / application by individuals & communities

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


What Is A Miracle?

  • Gospels take miracles for granted

  • Definition in Scripture differs from popular

  • Jesus cautions people 13:22-23

  • Modern scientific view different

  • In Scripture, God works directly in creation

  • Scripture has no conception of unified system of natural law as in Greek world or modern theology

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


Etymology

  • Latin: miraculum, something to be wondered atappears nowhere in Christian Scriptures or LatinVulgate

  • Hebrew: translated into English Bibles as “miracles”

    • Hebrew has no word for nature and no word corresponding with miracle

  • Greek: dynamis in the Synoptics, act of power

    • Translated into English as Miracle

      Semeion: sign rather than miracle: evidence of intervention of God

  • SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Miracles As Literary Form

    • Common form of stories from antiquity

    • Scholars distinguish

      • between nature and healing

  • Doubt

  • Apologetic purpose/reputation of Jesus

  • SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Hebrew Scripture/Early Church

    • Miracles in Hebrew Scripture

      • For individuals are rare except Elijah/Elisha

      • Jesus called another Elijah, even Elisha

  • Miracles in the early church

    • Part of oldest known Christian sources

      • “Q” and the Petrine “kerygma”

  • Taken for granted as characteristic of the Church by Paul 1 Cor. 12:28

  • SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Miracles in Mark

    • 1:29-31Cure of Peter’s mother-in law

    • 1:40-45Cure of leper

    • 2:1-12Cure of paralytic

    • 3:1-6Man with withered hand

    • 4:35-41Calming of the storm

    • 5:1-20Healing of Geresene demoniac

    • 6:31-44First Miracle of the loaves

    SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Miracles, continued

    • 6:45-52Jesus walks on water

    • 7:24-30Cure of Canaanite’s daughter

    • 7:31-37Healing of a deaf man

    • 8:1-10Second miracle of loaves

    • 8:22-26Cure of blind man at Bethsaida

    • 9:14-29Cure of epileptic demoniac boy

    • 10:46-52Cure of two blind men at Jericho

    SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Reign of God Announced

    • Miracles/Parables announce Reign at hand - becomes invitation to discipleship

    • Open ended invitation waits for response

    • Miracles are sign of God’s care

    SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Universal Mission of Jesus

    • Miracles show Jesus’

      • Power

      • Universality of his mission

    SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Christology: Who is Jesus?

    • First parables,3:23-27

      • Show Jesus as herald who overcomes Satan

  • Parables of chapter 4, the seed parables:

    • Promote Mark’s theme of Messianic secret:

  • SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Discipleship Then & Now

    • Discipleship entails preaching the “Good News”

      • In the time of Jesus

      • Now, we are “Good News” when we work on healing old hurts and relationships in our lives

  • Discipleship entails an inclusive attitude:

    • Recognizing the universality of Jesus’ mission

    • Developing an inclusive attitude in our hearts

  • Discipleship means continually asking:

    • “Who is Jesus?”

  • SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Dare to Dream

    • God is in our midst

      • Most scholars understand the reign of God as a “tentative metaphor”

    SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    ACTION

    • Recognize our need to respond to Jesus as teacher and healer

    • For next week

      • Read Mark 8:22 – 10:52

    SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


    Closing Prayer

    SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship


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