Development of the Dual Perspective. 1970’s - Social workers developed frameworks that urged practitioners to consider group differences in their assessments and practice Defiled the “homogenized” view of all clients and looked at diversity of Americans
The nurturing environment provides support in terms of the following:
Does Socialization equate to overcompensation of non-dominant characteristics?
In testimony used to challenge school desegregation, later used in the famous US. Supreme Court Brown v. Topeka school desegregation ruling, Dr. Clark described the reactions of 16 black girls, aged 6-9 years old, to a choice of white or brown dolls:
10 preferred the white doll
11 said the black doll looked bad
9 said the white doll was the nice one
If we are all exposed to the same stereotypes, and if our minds are all identically affected by those stereotypes, do we risk becoming equally prejudiced as those of the sustaining environment?
Allport (1954) argues that prejudice can be learned from parents in two ways: It can be taught , or it can be caught!
The parents may or may not express their own prejudices. What is crucial , however, is that their mode of handling the child ( disciplining, loving, threatening) is such that the child cannot help but acquire suspicions, fears, and hatreds that ultimately develop.
environment is important to developing the minority
identity and providing a strong, positive self image.
happens to those who fail to accept “appropriate”
not only develop an identity, but to provide a strong
positive self-image that protects the individual from the
damaging impact of stereotyping.
rejected or disowned them due to their sexual orientation.
their homes because their sexuality causes household conflict.
of his or her sexuality.
homophobic remarks regularly from peers and other students
as well as over half report hearing homophobic comments
made by school staff.
Antigay bias is still socially acceptable….
Discrimination based on sexual orientation is still
legal an in several states, homosexual sexual
activity remains a criminal act.
Because of potential repercussions of being openly
gay, many choose to remain closeted to various
Like a religion, a person’s sexual orientation is usually
not obvious unless he or she chooses to make it so.
Opposition to homosexuality remains the official doctrine of many mainstream
Still often associated with AIDS in many peoples minds
How does the nurturing environment subsist within the
such as “gay pride” and “March on Washington.”