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Crossroads: The Move Towards Heavy Metal Search for a Musical Identity Different from the Beatles Some British groups turned to the musical values and heroes in the African-American subculture of the Blues; notably The Animals, The Rolling Stones, and The Yardbirds. The Rolling Stones

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Crossroads:The Move Towards Heavy Metal


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Search for a Musical Identity Different from the Beatles

  • Some British groups turned to the musical values and heroes in the African-American subculture of the Blues; notably The Animals, The Rolling Stones, and The Yardbirds.


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The Rolling Stones

The Animals


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The first instrumental virtuoso guitar heroes of rock emerged.

Eric Clapton

Jeff Beck

Jimmy Page


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The Animals emerged.

  • The first British R&B group to score a major international hit, “House of the Rising Sun”.


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The Rolling Stones emerged.

  • Boasted two of the most idiomatic and versatile rhythm guitarists ever to come out of England.

Keith Richards

Brian Jones


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The Rolling Stones (cont.) emerged.

  • The 1966 album entitled “Aftermath”, was made up entirely of original songs hailing them as rock stars in England second only to the Beatles.


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The Yardbirds emerged.

  • An improvising group which depended on the sustained invention of their stellar lead guitarists.

  • Perfected the “Rave Up” technique: an improvisational strategy in which the whole band accelerates tempos while reaching a rhythmic peak, then suddenly starting all over and building up once again.


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The Yardbirds (cont.) emerged.

  • Jeff Beck, lead guitarist who replaced Eric Clapton, redefined the parameters of rock guitar with a new arsenal of guitar sonic effects (fuzz tone, feedback, dive-bomber runs, harmonic sustain).

  • Jimmy Page, lead guitarist who replaced Jeff Beck, moved the style into very heavy Blues-Rock, this eventually changed the band into Led Zeppelin.


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Cream emerged.

  • Eric Clapton (the first lead guitarist with The Yardbirds) formed Cream – rock’s first definitive POWER TRIO.


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Cream (cont.) emerged.

  • They played at staggering volume levels, stretching their creative abilities to the limit with innovative releases such as “I Feel Free” (exploring polytonality), “Badge” (superior pop-rock tune), “Sunshine of Your Love” and “White Room” (heavy blues styled tunes that became the prototypes for Heavy Metal).


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Black Sabbath emerged.

  • 1969 debut album, “Black Sabbath”, defined heavy metal into the 1990’s “. . .A dark, churning, supremely heavy sound that was practically all riff, topped by Ozzy Osbourne’s imitable demonspew.”

  • Tony Iomi, Black Sabbath’s riffmaster, became one of the most widely imitated guitar stylists.


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Black Sabbath (cont) emerged.

Black Sabbath with Ozzy Osbourne


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Jimi Hendrix emerged.

  • The Jimi Hendrix Experience was a group derived from the British power trio concept, taking blues-based improvisational rock to perhaps its ultimate level of development.

  • “Hendrix himself expanded the tonal and sonic resources of the electric guitar so spectacularly that his work remains definitive a quarter of a century after his death.”



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