Ch. 10 - Dressing and Bandaging. 10.1 Dressings. Requirements : Sterile , meaning that any microorganisms and spores on the dressing have been killed Aseptic , meaning that it is free of bacteria
1. A sterile dressing is one on which there are no__________.
2. An aseptic dressing is free of ____________.
3. Use petroleum gauze when you don’t want the dressing to ____________. (get wet/shred/stick to the wound)
4. An occlusive dressing is ____________. (dry/moist/airtight)
5. A compress dressing is used to ____________.
(control bleeding/prevent infection/absorb fluids oozing
from the wound)
6. A 9-x-36-inch piece of thick, absorbent material is
called a ____________ dressing.
1. Bandages are applied on top of a ____________.
2. A bandage should normally not contact a ____________.
3. Cold, numb, or tingling skin distal to a bandage indicates the bandage is ____________. (too tight/too loose/controllinga bleeding)
4. A folded triangular bandage is a ____________ bandage.
5. The easiest roller bandages to use are ____________.
6. You should use an elastic roller bandage only in
cases of ____________.
1. Cover the wound with a bulky, sterile dressing.
2. Apply direct pressure with your hand over the dressing until bleeding stops.
3. Apply a firm roller bandage (preferably self-adhering) and monitor continuously for signs that the bandage is too tight.
4. If blood soaks through the original dressing and bandage, do not remove them.
1. Place one end of the base of an open triangular bandage over the shoulder of the uninjured side.
2. Allow the bandage to hang down in front of the chest so its apex will be behind the elbow of the injured arm.
3. Bend the arm at the elbow with the hand slightly elevated (four to five inches). When possible, the fingertips should be exposed so you can monitor for impaired circulation.
4. Bring the forearm across the chest and over the bandage.
5. Carry the lower end of the bandage over the shoulder of the injured side, and tie a square knot at the uninjured side of the neck; make sure the knot is at the side of the neck.
6. Twist the apex of the bandage and tuck it in or pin it at the elbow.
1. Material used for dressings should be as ____________ as possible.
2. Generally, the only dressing you should bandage in place while a wound is still bleeding is a ____________ dressing. compress/universal/pressure)
3. If blood soaks through the original dressing, you should ____________.
(remove it/replace it with a new dressing/leave it in place
and put a new dressing on top of it)
4. Make sure the bandage covers the entire ____________.
5. All loose ends of the bandage should be ____________.
(tucked in/tied/cut off)
6. If you bandage across a joint, bandage it in ____________.
(a straightened position/a bent position/the position in
which it is to remain)