Attachment in Adolescence: An Agenda for Research and Intervention. Ronald Jay Werner-Wilson, Ph.D. based on Material from Developmental-Systemic Family Therapy with Adolescents (Werner-Wilson, 2001). Reference. A version of this material was published as
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Ronald Jay Werner-Wilson, Ph.D.
based on Material from
Developmental-Systemic Family Therapy with Adolescents
A version of this material was published as
Werner-Wilson, R. J. & Davenport, B. R. (2003). Distinguishing between conceptualizations of attachment: Clinical implications in marriage and family therapy. Contemporary Family Therapy, 25, 179-193.
“Attachments lie at the heart of family life. They create bonds that can provide care and protection across the life cycle (Ainsworth, 1991), and can evoke the most intense emotions - joy in the making, anguish in the breaking - or create problems if they become insecure” (Byng-Hall, 1995, p. 45).
“This restraining is not related to child’s immediate behavior, and the procedure may be repeated daily. During the restraining period, the clinician actively attempts to provoke and arouse the child by providing noxious stimulation such as yelling in the child’s face, poking or tapping the child, tickling, or pulling on limbs. The child may try to resist by screaming, fighting, or crying but eventually breaks down. When the child reaches the point of surrender, he is then given to his caregiver(s), to whom he reportedly instantly attaches” (Hanson & Spratt, 2000, p. 142)
Four interrelated conscious and unconscious representational systems seem to influence internal working models:
During the AAI, the participant is asked to provide five adjectives that describe each parent and an example of an episode that illustrates each adjective. Interviewers inquire about the following:
“The general impression is that the parent does not have the child in mind at all but, rather, is scripting the child into some past drama … As the children grow older, overall strategies do seem to evolve. They either become more controlling of the parent, often in a punitive way, or they become caretaking of their parents” (Byng-Hall, 1995).