Dental cavities causes and how to prevent cavities
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Dental Cavities: Causes and How to Prevent Cavities PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The dental cavities are basically damaged teeth that have holes in them and can be of either yellow or black colour

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Dental Cavities: Causes and How to Prevent Cavities

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Dental Cavities: Causes and How to Prevent Cavities

Dental Cavities

  • The dental cavities are basically damaged teeth that have holes in them and can be of either yellow or black colour

Causes of Dental Cavities

  • Dental cavities area unit caused by the breakdown of foods like sugar and starch in our mouth by bacterium

  • This breakdown converts the food into plaque, that may be a sticky substance

  • Plaque attaches itself to the teeth and is usually found on the rear molars, edges of fillings and therefore the gum line

  • When plaque isn't faraway from the teeth thanks to irregular brushing, it gets regenerate into tartar or calculus

  • This causes the formation of periodontitis and disease and any causes the irritation of gums.

  • Within twenty minutes of ingestion plaque build- up starts and it will cause dental caries because the acids gift in it destroys the enamel

  • Cavities will grow terribly deep and might cause tooth fracture and have an effect on nerves

  • Chances of developing a tooth cavity increase by the increased intake of starches or carbohydrates and sugars.

  • Frequent snacking on sticky foods will increase the contact time of the teeth with acids.

Symptoms of Dental Cavities

  • Symptoms don't occur once the cavity is simply superficial, that is, it's not deep enough to have an effect on the nerves or gums

  • But, in severe cases, the symptoms might occur and may be listed as follows-

  • Toothache

  • Sensitivity

  • Visible pits or holes within the teeth

  • A cavity initial seems within the variety of a chalky space on the teeth and so grows into a dent or hole

  • Routine dental checkups with the assistance of somebody Associate in Nursingd dental mirror should be performed to catch this disorder at an early stage before it causes any major problem

  • While a dental communicating can show cavities that ar visible to the attention, a dental x- ray can facilitate in discovering the cavities that ar virtually invisible

  • X- rays also are accustomed discover the presence of cavities in less visible areas and corners within the teeth.

Prevention of Dental Cavities

  • Oral hygiene - Proper brushing with toothpaste containing fluoride and flossing every day

  • Dietary modification - Intake frequency of sugars and carbohydrates should be reduced. Also, milk can cheese can cause tooth decay. Chewing gum with xylitol is helpful in the prevention.

  • Dental Sealants - These are thin plastic coatings that protect the chewing surface by acting as a barrier

  • Calcium - It is often recommended by dentists to chew on to prevent tooth decay

  • Vaccines are also being developed for the purpose of completely eliminating tooth decay

  • Treatment of a tooth cavity is necessary as it causes an immense amount of pain and the destroyed tooth never regenerates

  • Some of the treatment methods may involve the following-

    • Fillings

    • Crowns

    • Endodontic Therapy

Treatment for Dental Cavities

  • Fillings

    • Composite resins, amalgams, porcelain and gold are used to fill the cavities to stop it from further growing in the early stages of the cavity

  • Crowns

    • These are also called caps and are used in extreme situations where there is almost no tooth structure left and it is extremely weak

  • Endodontic Therapy

    • Also called root canal, is done when the nerve in the tooth dies due to the decay or injury

    • The tooth is removed along with the blood vessels and the roots are filled with a sealing material

    • Then, the tooth is filled and is covered with a crown

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