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Part B: Pet support & environments. Topics. Choosing a pet Behavior, social issues Housing, environmental issues Animals in therapy, research Ethics, emotional issues Pet loss, grief Unwanted animals Legal issues. Housing. What should every animal’s housing provide?

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slide1

Part B:

Pet support & environments

topics
Topics
  • Choosing a pet
  • Behavior, social issues
  • Housing, environmental issues
  • Animals in therapy, research
  • Ethics, emotional issues
    • Pet loss, grief
    • Unwanted animals
    • Legal issues
housing
Housing
  • What should every animal’s housing provide?
    • Shelter from inclement weather
    • Control
      • Temperature & moisture
      • Predator & disease
      • Ventilation & noise
    • Adequate living space
    • ___________________
    • Fresh, healthful food and water
    • Safe, comfortable bedding or sleeping area
    • Elimination area with _______________
housing4
Housing
  • What should every animal’s housing provide?
    • Shelter from inclement weather
      • Animals being sheltered
        • (hunting dogs, show cats)
      • Types of materials to use
        • (wood, plastic, concrete)
      • W____________________

(_________________)

      • Ways to keep clean
        • (hosing, scrubbing, vacuum)
      • Schedules for maintenance
        • (maintenance $ acct)
housing5
Housing
  • Control
      • Temperature & moisture
      • Predator & disease
      • Ventilation & noise
housing6
Housing
  • Adequate living space (rules, numbers)
  • Exercise facility
housing7
Housing
  • Fresh, healthful _____and _____
      • Water sources
      • Food sources and storage
      • Sanitation and pest control
  • Safe, comfortable bedding or sleeping area
  • Elimination area with routine cleaning
housing environment
Housing & environment
  • Pet care facilities
    • Pet sitters (in-home or sitter’s home)
    • Boarding facilities

(+/- veterinary facility) www.glrpc.com

    • Kennels, catteries, hatcheries
    • Pet “day care” or “camp”
      • Ex: Noah’s Bark, Kenny Rd.
housing environment9
Housing & environment
  • Facility Considerations
    • Animals’ welfare
      • Shelter provisions
      • USDA
      • AWA
      • __________________________
housing environment10
Housing & environment
  • Facility Considerations
    • Caretaker’s welfare
      • S______________________

(design, disease/parasite control, maintenance, sanitation)

      • Legal and financial issues

(insurance, codes,

licenses, OSHA)

therapy service research
Therapy, Service, Research
  • Animals in Therapy and Service careers
    • Dogs
    • Cats
    • ____________________
  • Animals in Biomedical Research
    • Experimental design
    • Animals as models for man and animals
    • Legislation
therapy service
Therapy & Service
  • Dogs – careers:
      • Personal assistance
      • Patient therapy
      • Public assistance
  • Cats – potential careers:
      • Personal assistance
      • Patient therapy
therapy service13
Therapy & Service
  • Dogs: Personal assistance

http://www.servicedogstoday.org

        • Guide Dogs/Pilot dogs
        • Hearing aides
        • Mobility aides
        • Medical alerts
        • Psychiatric/Mental health
        • P__________________
therapy service14
Therapy & Service
  • Dogs: Patient therapy
      • Animal Assisted Therapy (Table 21.1)
          • Geriatric, long-term care centers

http://www.argontech.net/~leilani/aat.html

          • Psychiatric and recovery centers

(example: Buckeye Ranch)

therapy service15
Therapy & Service
  • Dogs: Public assistance
      • Security – property, specific locations
      • Search & Rescue

http://landofpuregold.com/disaster.htm

      • Tracking
      • Narcotics, Explosives detection
      • Cadaver locating
      • USDA “sniffers”

(___________________)

therapy service16
Therapy & Service
  • Cats

Potential careers

      • Personal assistance
      • Patient therapy
research
Research
  • Animals in ___________ Research
    • Focus on biomedical research
    • Animals as models for man and animals
    • Experimental design
    • Alternatives to animal use
    • Legislation
research18
Research
  • Animals in Biomedical Research
      • Research for human benefit
        • Early medicine to current issues

(200 AD veins → 1923 Insulin → 21st century gene therapies)

      • Research for ____________ benefit
        • Nutrition issues (taurine in cats)
        • Viruses and diseases (CWD, parvo, FeLV, parasites)
        • Developmental issues (large vs. small dog bone growth)
      • Research sites and funding
        • University and government (federal, state, public, industry)
        • Private (private, industry)
research19
Research
  • Animals as models for man and animals
      • Numbers: 1.1 million in 2002 (less each year)
      • Species: rodents, rabbits, dogs, cats, horses, primates, reptiles, livestock, birds
      • Reasoning:
        • Applicability of results to target (people, animals) (p. 479)
        • Numbers, Size (housing, feeding, cleaning, handling)
        • Soundness of experimental design (confounding factors, quality control, repeatability)
        • Funding, cost issues
        • Ethics (Procedure training, preliminary testing in whole animal)
research20
Research
  • Types of studies conducted (examples)
      • Pharmaceutical (cancer, parasites, medications)
      • N_________________________________
      • Genetic (understanding and prevention)
      • Behavior

(primates, cats, dogs, horses, livestock, birds, rodents)

      • E_____________
research21

-_________

  • -_________
  • -_________
Research
  • Experimental design
      • Goals for animal use
        • Appropriate species
        • Legal procedures
        • Humane care
      • Goals for design
        • Control or reduce variables (Salk monkeys, nutrition)
        • Maximize repeatability (materials, subjects, conditions)
        • Control costs (facilities, sources, personnel, publication)
research22

Reduce

  • Refine
  • Replace
Research
  • Alternatives to animal use
    • Reduce: statistical methods, procedure choice & excellence, species choice
    • Refine: species choice, procedure choice (pain)
    • Replace:
        • Cell, tissue, organ culture
        • Molecular techniques (Ex: PCR)
        • Computer simulations
        • Video instruction
        • Artificial materials (ex: surgery instruction)
    • Concerns with using ONLY alternative methods?
research23
Research
  • Legislation and limits
      • Animal Care laws
        • NIH animal care and use guidelines
        • AAALAC International (http://www.aaalac.org)
      • Animal welfare act (AWA) 1966, 1985 amended
        • ILACUC
        • HEC (veterinary patients, human subjects)
      • Pound seizure (few states, consider costs)
      • Other laws (see text)
research24
Research
  • Legislation limits
      • Federal or state funding (NIH, NAS, NSF, etc)
      • Enforcement
      • Public interest, concern, involvement
        • Current disease concerns
        • Other contemporary issues
        • Public expectations of safety and efficacy
        • Options?
topics26
Topics
  • Choosing a pet
  • Behavior, social issues
  • Housing, environmental issues
  • Animals in therapy, research
  • Ethics, emotional issues
    • Pet loss, grief
    • Unwanted animals
    • Legal issues
pet loss and grief
Pet loss and Grief
  • Stages of grief
    • ___________
    • Anger
    • Bargaining
    • ____________
    • Acceptance
  • Pet loss
pet loss
Pet loss
  • Reasons pets are lost
    • Runaway, disorientation (move, vacation)
    • Injury (HBC, gunshot, BBBD, other)
    • Illness (terminal, unmanageable)
    • Behavior
    • Unwanted, undesired
pet loss29
Pet loss
  • Options for handling remains
    • Burial

(personal, private or group)

    • Cremation

(private or group)

    • Donation (very selective situations)
    • Animal shelter (group burial, cremation or rendering)
    • Veterinary clinic (burial, cremation)
cremation
Cremation
  • Process = high heat incineration, ± pressure
  • Equipment = “retort”
  • Results = ‘____________’

Next step = container (urn, box, etc.) and final handling (burial, display, storage) http://www.paws2heaven.com

pet loss31
Pet loss
  • What next?
    • Donations and memorials

(personal, clinic, foundations)

    • Sympathy cards and gifts
    • Follow up!
      • Calls, mail, email, visits
    • Counseling (private, group, time limits?)
    • Continuing education (professionals)
    • Replacing the pet…….
  • http://rainbowsbridge.com/Poem.htm
slide32

Pick One!

Kiss the rest goodbye –

there aren’t homes for them all.

unwanted animals
Unwanted Animals
  • Responsible ownership (Q p. 511)
  • Irresponsible ownership
    • Definitions of terms
    • Causes
    • Solutions
unwanted animals34
Unwanted animals
  • Definitionsof commonly used terms (6)

FREE-ROAMING

UNWANTED Owned &

Dumped_________________

____________

WildFERAL

CONTROLLED

*animal control

*shelters

*rescue centers

*foster homes

*new home

unwanted animals35
Unwanted animals
  • Controlled populations
    • Animal control centers (city, county)
    • Humane societies (county, regional)
    • Shelters & hospitals (public, private)
    • R___________________________
    • Foster homes
    • New homes
  • Costs??
controlled animals
Controlled Animals
  • Outcomes
    • About _____% euthanized

(5-6 million/year in U.S.)

    • Other 50%
      • Some adopted
      • Some fostered
      • Some “mascots”
      • Some adopted → returned
unwanted animals37
Unwanted animals
  • Causes
    • Reasons for ownership end

(companionship, sport/show, protection, etc)

Examples: owner dies, family move or change, money or time issues, health or behavior problems

    • Overpopulation (not enough homes)
legal issues problems
Legal issues & problems
  • Responsible parties for animal control
    • Pet owners – individual citizens
    • H______________________
    • Local and state governments & agencies
    • Local and state law enforcement
    • Pet brokers, dealers, sellers
    • Breeders, purebred handlers
    • ___________________________
legal issues problems39
Legal issues & problems
  • Problems and hazards
    • Public health (ex: rabies)
    • Public safety (ex: bites = _______/yr)
    • Property damage (yards, cars)
    • Animal safety (songbirds, pets, livestock), ecology upsets
    • Disease transmission (waste → flies)
    • N__________
    • Perception of animal need or worth
unwanted animals40
Unwanted animals
  • Solutions
    • PUBLIC EDUCATION
    • R________________________________
    • PERSONAL SUPPORT
      • Own commitment to your pet
      • Population control efforts
      • Education efforts
      • Rescue organizations
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