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Part B: Pet support & environments. Topics. Choosing a pet Behavior, social issues Housing, environmental issues Animals in therapy, research Ethics, emotional issues Pet loss, grief Unwanted animals Legal issues. Housing. What should every animal’s housing provide?

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Part B:

Pet support & environments


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Topics

  • Choosing a pet

  • Behavior, social issues

  • Housing, environmental issues

  • Animals in therapy, research

  • Ethics, emotional issues

    • Pet loss, grief

    • Unwanted animals

    • Legal issues


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Housing

  • What should every animal’s housing provide?

    • Shelter from inclement weather

    • Control

      • Temperature & moisture

      • Predator & disease

      • Ventilation & noise

    • Adequate living space

    • ___________________

    • Fresh, healthful food and water

    • Safe, comfortable bedding or sleeping area

    • Elimination area with _______________


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Housing

  • What should every animal’s housing provide?

    • Shelter from inclement weather

      • Animals being sheltered

        • (hunting dogs, show cats)

      • Types of materials to use

        • (wood, plastic, concrete)

      • W____________________

        (_________________)

      • Ways to keep clean

        • (hosing, scrubbing, vacuum)

      • Schedules for maintenance

        • (maintenance $ acct)


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Housing

  • Control

    • Temperature & moisture

    • Predator & disease

    • Ventilation & noise


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Housing

  • Adequate living space (rules, numbers)

  • Exercise facility


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Housing

  • Fresh, healthful _____and _____

    • Water sources

    • Food sources and storage

    • Sanitation and pest control

  • Safe, comfortable bedding or sleeping area

  • Elimination area with routine cleaning


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    Housing & environment

    • Pet care facilities

      • Pet sitters (in-home or sitter’s home)

      • Boarding facilities

        (+/- veterinary facility) www.glrpc.com

      • Kennels, catteries, hatcheries

      • Pet “day care” or “camp”

        • Ex: Noah’s Bark, Kenny Rd.


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    Housing & environment

    • Facility Considerations

      • Animals’ welfare

        • Shelter provisions

        • USDA

        • AWA

        • __________________________


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    Housing & environment

    • Facility Considerations

      • Caretaker’s welfare

        • S______________________

          (design, disease/parasite control, maintenance, sanitation)

        • Legal and financial issues

          (insurance, codes,

          licenses, OSHA)


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    Therapy, Service, Research

    • Animals in Therapy and Service careers

      • Dogs

      • Cats

      • ____________________

    • Animals in Biomedical Research

      • Experimental design

      • Animals as models for man and animals

      • Legislation


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    Therapy & Service

    • Dogs – careers:

      • Personal assistance

      • Patient therapy

      • Public assistance

  • Cats – potential careers:

    • Personal assistance

    • Patient therapy


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    Therapy & Service

    • Dogs: Personal assistance

      http://www.servicedogstoday.org

      • Guide Dogs/Pilot dogs

      • Hearing aides

      • Mobility aides

      • Medical alerts

      • Psychiatric/Mental health

      • P__________________


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    Therapy & Service

    • Dogs: Patient therapy

      • Animal Assisted Therapy (Table 21.1)

        • Geriatric, long-term care centers

          http://www.argontech.net/~leilani/aat.html

        • Psychiatric and recovery centers

          (example: Buckeye Ranch)


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    Therapy & Service

    • Dogs: Public assistance

      • Security – property, specific locations

      • Search & Rescue

        http://landofpuregold.com/disaster.htm

      • Tracking

      • Narcotics, Explosives detection

      • Cadaver locating

      • USDA “sniffers”

        (___________________)


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    Therapy & Service

    • Cats

      Potential careers

      • Personal assistance

      • Patient therapy


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    Research

    • Animals in ___________ Research

      • Focus on biomedical research

      • Animals as models for man and animals

      • Experimental design

      • Alternatives to animal use

      • Legislation


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    Research

    • Animals in Biomedical Research

      • Research for human benefit

        • Early medicine to current issues

          (200 AD veins → 1923 Insulin → 21st century gene therapies)

      • Research for ____________ benefit

        • Nutrition issues (taurine in cats)

        • Viruses and diseases (CWD, parvo, FeLV, parasites)

        • Developmental issues (large vs. small dog bone growth)

      • Research sites and funding

        • University and government (federal, state, public, industry)

        • Private (private, industry)


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    Research

    • Animals as models for man and animals

      • Numbers: 1.1 million in 2002 (less each year)

      • Species: rodents, rabbits, dogs, cats, horses, primates, reptiles, livestock, birds

      • Reasoning:

        • Applicability of results to target (people, animals) (p. 479)

        • Numbers, Size (housing, feeding, cleaning, handling)

        • Soundness of experimental design (confounding factors, quality control, repeatability)

        • Funding, cost issues

        • Ethics (Procedure training, preliminary testing in whole animal)


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    Research

    • Types of studies conducted (examples)

      • Pharmaceutical (cancer, parasites, medications)

      • N_________________________________

      • Genetic (understanding and prevention)

      • Behavior

        (primates, cats, dogs, horses, livestock, birds, rodents)

      • E_____________


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    Research

    • Experimental design

      • Goals for animal use

        • Appropriate species

        • Legal procedures

        • Humane care

      • Goals for design

        • Control or reduce variables (Salk monkeys, nutrition)

        • Maximize repeatability (materials, subjects, conditions)

        • Control costs (facilities, sources, personnel, publication)


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    Research

    • Alternatives to animal use

      • Reduce: statistical methods, procedure choice & excellence, species choice

      • Refine: species choice, procedure choice (pain)

      • Replace:

        • Cell, tissue, organ culture

        • Molecular techniques (Ex: PCR)

        • Computer simulations

        • Video instruction

        • Artificial materials (ex: surgery instruction)

    • Concerns with using ONLY alternative methods?


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    Research

    • Legislation and limits

      • Animal Care laws

        • NIH animal care and use guidelines

        • AAALAC International (http://www.aaalac.org)

      • Animal welfare act (AWA) 1966, 1985 amended

        • ILACUC

        • HEC (veterinary patients, human subjects)

      • Pound seizure (few states, consider costs)

      • Other laws (see text)


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    Research

    • Legislation limits

      • Federal or state funding (NIH, NAS, NSF, etc)

      • Enforcement

      • Public interest, concern, involvement

        • Current disease concerns

        • Other contemporary issues

        • Public expectations of safety and efficacy

        • Options?


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    Topics

    • Choosing a pet

    • Behavior, social issues

    • Housing, environmental issues

    • Animals in therapy, research

    • Ethics, emotional issues

      • Pet loss, grief

      • Unwanted animals

      • Legal issues


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    Pet loss and Grief

    • Stages of grief

      • ___________

      • Anger

      • Bargaining

      • ____________

      • Acceptance

    • Pet loss


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    Pet loss

    • Reasons pets are lost

      • Runaway, disorientation (move, vacation)

      • Injury (HBC, gunshot, BBBD, other)

      • Illness (terminal, unmanageable)

      • Behavior

      • Unwanted, undesired


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    Pet loss

    • Options for handling remains

      • Burial

        (personal, private or group)

      • Cremation

        (private or group)

      • Donation (very selective situations)

      • Animal shelter (group burial, cremation or rendering)

      • Veterinary clinic (burial, cremation)


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    Cremation

    • Process = high heat incineration, ± pressure

    • Equipment = “retort”

    • Results = ‘____________’

      Next step = container (urn, box, etc.) and final handling (burial, display, storage) http://www.paws2heaven.com


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    Pet loss

    • What next?

      • Donations and memorials

        (personal, clinic, foundations)

      • Sympathy cards and gifts

      • Follow up!

        • Calls, mail, email, visits

      • Counseling (private, group, time limits?)

      • Continuing education (professionals)

      • Replacing the pet…….

    • http://rainbowsbridge.com/Poem.htm


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    Pick One!

    Kiss the rest goodbye –

    there aren’t homes for them all.


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    Unwanted Animals

    • Responsible ownership (Q p. 511)

    • Irresponsible ownership

      • Definitions of terms

      • Causes

      • Solutions


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    Unwanted animals

    • Definitionsof commonly used terms (6)

    FREE-ROAMING

    UNWANTED Owned &

    Dumped_________________

    ____________

    WildFERAL

    CONTROLLED

    *animal control

    *shelters

    *rescue centers

    *foster homes

    *new home


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    Unwanted animals

    • Controlled populations

      • Animal control centers (city, county)

      • Humane societies (county, regional)

      • Shelters & hospitals (public, private)

      • R___________________________

      • Foster homes

      • New homes

    • Costs??


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    Controlled Animals

    • Outcomes

      • About _____% euthanized

        (5-6 million/year in U.S.)

      • Other 50%

        • Some adopted

        • Some fostered

        • Some “mascots”

        • Some adopted → returned


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    Unwanted animals

    • Causes

      • Reasons for ownership end

        (companionship, sport/show, protection, etc)

        Examples: owner dies, family move or change, money or time issues, health or behavior problems

      • Overpopulation (not enough homes)


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    Legal issues & problems

    • Responsible parties for animal control

      • Pet owners – individual citizens

      • H______________________

      • Local and state governments & agencies

      • Local and state law enforcement

      • Pet brokers, dealers, sellers

      • Breeders, purebred handlers

      • ___________________________


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    Legal issues & problems

    • Problems and hazards

      • Public health (ex: rabies)

      • Public safety (ex: bites = _______/yr)

      • Property damage (yards, cars)

      • Animal safety (songbirds, pets, livestock), ecology upsets

      • Disease transmission (waste → flies)

      • N__________

      • Perception of animal need or worth


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    Unwanted animals

    • Solutions

      • PUBLIC EDUCATION

      • R________________________________

      • PERSONAL SUPPORT

        • Own commitment to your pet

        • Population control efforts

        • Education efforts

        • Rescue organizations


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