Penal policy, crime and criminology – experience and new challenges. 50-year Anniversary of the Institute of Criminology and Social Prevention . ‘Pains of probation’: practice implications Ioan Durnescu University of Bucharest. Methodology issues:. Questions:
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Penal policy, crime and criminology – experience and new challenges.50-year Anniversary of the Institute of Criminology and Social Prevention
‘Pains of probation’: practice implications
University of Bucharest
‘What I want the most … the only thing that I wish for is something to change and I wouldn’t have to come here (i.e.. to the probation service) twice a month. It is hard for me to come so many times a month. There are many occasions when I can’t come ‘cause I am sick let’s say … ’ (one probationer in Bucharest).
‘You have to let them know … at least by calling them. You have to tell them that you want to travel somewhere. This is the procedure .. you have to tell them. It is not that they have to let you do this or that … but you have to inform them. But you have to keep the tickets to prove that you’ve been where you said you go. And that is all. ’ (one probationer in Sibiu)
‘Well … the first session … the first session was somehow different … so to say … he made a sort of report about who am I, I remember. I mean whether I have a girlfriend, where I live, what kind of people my parents are, what jobs they do, what is my job. I mean … it was about my whole life at that time … ’ (one probationer in Sibiu).
‘when I have to tell my feelings I don’t like telling anyone … I don’t like describing what I feel. I am Pentecostal Christian and I don’t like this. If somebody comes and asks me ‘what did you do ?’ I can not tell, nor even to the (probation) counsellor. I feel ashamed. It is hard. ’ (one probationer in Bucharest)
‘Usually the close ones know about my situation. At work I avoid telling colleagues but somehow they found out … and I had some problems … ’ (one probationer in Bucharest).
‘this ritual, to come once every two months is very good ‘cause you remember what was bad …it helps you to do good in the future …’ (one probationer in Bucharest)
‘Well .. first is not to make mistakes, not to make the same mistakes ‘cause you are under supervision now. Anyway I felt the fear right in my bones even when I got arrested. No way .. I don’t even think about doing it again but ….’ (one probationer in Sibiu)
‘if I make one more mistake during the next five years as it is my probation period, the judge will give me the first punishment and add the punishment for the second mistake. He (the probation counsellor) told me not to make mistakes ‘cause is not good…’ (one probationer in Iasi)
‘it is ok … far better than being, God forbid, in prison. It is better to stay free that being locked up. I would come ( to probation office) every day only to be free .. . I mean is super OK, no problem … ’
(one probationer in Bucharest)
‘the set of resources that inhere in family relations and in community social organisation and that are useful for the cognitive or social development of a child or young person. These resources differ for different persons and can constitute an important advantage for children and adolescents in their development of human capital (300).’
Thank you and Happy Anniversary !!! desistance:
Boonin, D (2008) The problem of punishment. NY: Cambridge University Press
Bottoms,A. (2001) ‘Compliance with community penalties’ in A. Bottoms, L. Gelsthorpe and S. Rex (edt.) Community penalties : Change and Challenges. Cullompton: Willan.
Braithwaite, J. (1993) ‚Shame and modernity’ în British Journal of Criminology, 33 (1), p. 1-18.
Canton, R. (2007) ‘Punishment (aims and justifications)’ in Canton, R. and Hancock, D. (ed.) Dictionary of Probation and Offender Management. Cullompton: Willan
Christie, N. (1981) Limits of pain (available at: http://www.prisonpolicy.org/scans/limits_to_pain/index.html )
Coleman, J. (1994) Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard University Press.
Dianu, T. (1997) Non-Custodial Santions. Alternative Models for Post-Communist Societies. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Farrall, S. (2004) ‘Social capital, probation supervision and desistance from crime’, in Maruna. S. and Immarigeon, R. (eds.) After Crime and Punishment: Ex-Offender Reintegration and Desistance from Crime. Cullompton: Willan.
Farrall, S. (2002), Rethinking What Works with Offenders: Probation, Social Context and Desistance from Crime. Cullompton: Willan
Gelsthorpe, L. (2007) ‚Probation values and human rights’in Gelsthorpe, L and Morgan R. Handbook of Probation. Cullompton: Willan
Herzog-Evans, M. (in press) ‘French Post Custody Law (2000-2009) : From Equitable Trial to the Religion of Control’ (submitted to European Journal of Probation: www.ejprob.ro )
Van Kalmthout, A.M. and Durnescu, I. (ed) (2008) Probation in Europe Nijmigen: WLP
Laub, J. and Sampson, R. (2003) Shared Beginnings, Divergent Lives: Delinquent Boys to Age Seventy. Cambridge, Ma: Harvard University Press
Mair, G. , Mortimer, E. (1996) Curfew Orders with Electronic Monitoring. Home Office Research Study 163. London: Home Office.
McNeill, F. (2009) Towards effective practice in offender supervision (available on: http://www.sccjr.ac.uk/news/SCCJR-Report-Released-Towards-Effective-Practice-in-Offender-Supervision/167)
Nellis, M. (2009) ‘Surveillance and Confinement: Explaining and Understanding The Experience of Electronically Monitored Curfews’ in European Journal of Probation Vol.1 (1): 41-65 (available on: www.ejprob.ro ).
Payne, B.K., Gainey, R.R. (1998) „A Qualitative Assessment of the Pains Experienced on Electronic Monitoring” în International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology . 42(2) p. 149-163.
Putnam, R. D. (2000) Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Rex,S. (1999) ‚Desistance from offending: Experiences of probation’ in The Howard Journal, 38, 366-83
Sykes, G.M. (1958) The Society of Captives. A Study of Maximum Security Prison. Princeton University Press.
Vanstone, M. (2008) ‘The International Origins and Initial Development of Probation. An Early Example of Policy Transfer’ in British Journal of Criminology 48: 735-755
Van Zyl Smit, D. (2007) Prisoner’s Rightsin Jewkes, Y (ed.) Handbook on Prisons, Cullompton: Willan
Walker, N. (1991) Why Punish ? Oxford: Oxford University Press
Ward, T. and Maruna, S. (2007) Rehabilitation. Beyond the risk paradigm. London and NY: Routledge
Ward, T. and Birgden, A. (2007) ‘Human rights and correctional clinical practice’ in Aggression and Violent Behavior doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2007.05.001
Ward, T and Salmon, K. (2009) ‘The ethics of punishment: Correctional practice implications’ in Aggression and Violent Behavior 14, 239-247
Wolcott, H.F. (1994) Transforming Qualitative Data: Description, Analysis and Interpretation. ThousandOaks. Calif.:Sage