Popular culture in the renaissance
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POPULAR CULTURE IN THE RENAISSANCE. A Prismatic Perceptions Project Robin Medeiros Last update 11.9.00. Purpose Definitions of culture Art Dance Fashion Festivals. Literature Music Recreation Religion Theatre. POPULAR CULTURE IN THE RENAISSANCE. PURPOSE.

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POPULAR CULTURE IN THE RENAISSANCE

A Prismatic Perceptions Project

Robin Medeiros

Last update 11.9.00


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Purpose

Definitions of culture

Art

Dance

Fashion

Festivals

Literature

Music

Recreation

Religion

Theatre

POPULAR CULTURE IN THE RENAISSANCE


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PURPOSE

  • The purposes of this project are to:

    • Provide students with a model for thesis statements, outlines, research papers, and the MLA citation format (parenthetical and works cited).

    • Consider definitions of Popular Culture

    • Discuss various modes of Popular Culture in the Renaissance


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THESIS STATEMENT

  • The study of popular culture is a 20th Century phenomenon. However by examining popular culture in the Renaissance, we can achieve a greater understanding of this historical period, as well as those who lived during this time.


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CONCEPTS OF CULTURE

  • Definition of terms (Storey)

    • What is culture?

    • High culture

    • Low culture

    • Popular culture

      NOTE: Provide examples


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ART

  • Competitors

  • Strengths

  • Weaknesses


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DANCE

  • Court vs. folk dances

    • Court dances

      • Galliard

      • Pavane

    • Folk dances


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FASHION

  • Clothing (Annenberg/CPB)

  • Discuss requirements, benefits, and issues of using new procedures


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FESTIVALS

  • Carnivals

    • Parades

    • Gambling


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LITERATUREORAL TRADITION

  • Folk humor

  • Proverbs

  • Songs

  • Stories


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LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION

  • Literacy

  • The Written Word

  • Established Genres

  • Ballads

  • Plays


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LITERACY

  • Great number of ordinary people had some knowledge of book learning

    • The world of work—seaman, merchants and agents of landlords jobs required regular compilation or consultation of lists must know alphabet; possess rudiments of mathematics

  • Richard II (1391)

    • Decreed any parent in the kingdom was free to send their child to school, if they could find one

  • Formal education

    (Chamberlain)


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HISTORY OF THE WRITTEN WORD

  • Handwritten manuscripts

  • Army of copiers (scriptorium) at centers of learning; at each great court; monasteries

  • Reproduction without plan

  • Materials (parchment, vellum)

    • Due to cost, require recycling

    • Vellum scraped down written over (palimpsest)

    • Manuscripts lost forever

      • Archimedes palimpsest (Noel et al.)


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HISTORY OFTHE WRITTEN WORD

  • Problems

    • Error through ignorance or negligence would multiply with successive editions of the work

    • “Establishing of the correct text” becomes a major problem

    • Demand for great works (e.g. The Bible) ensured their continued existence

    • Lesser known works

      • Fewer copies/ Lack of interest

      • Disappear for years, if not forever

      • As a result, people continued to struggle with problems which had already been solved in different places and times


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HISTORY OFTHE WRITTEN WORD

  • Origins of Printing (Chamberlain)

    • Opened channels of communication

    • Work of the few swiftly available to the many

    • Gutenberg (Rubenstein)

      • The development of movable type

    • 1462--Civil War broke out in Maintz

      • Established printers settle throughout Europe

    • 1476--William Caxton established England’s first printing press

    • Earliest use print indulgences

      (Chamberlain)


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LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION

  • Montaigne’s “poesie populaire”

  • Ballads (Legends)

    • Chanson du Roland

    • Orlando Furioso (Online Medieval & Classical Library)

      • (Bullfinch’s Mythology)


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LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION

  • Established Genres

    • Fabliaux (Harvard College)

    • Romance

      • Morte D’Arthur (Legends)

  • English folk songs

    • Corpus Christi Carol


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LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION--PLAYS

  • Development of the vernacular drama

  • Mystery Plays (Harvard College)

    • Full-text—Twycross

    • Four surviving cycles

    • Present the whole history of Mankind from the beginning to the Last Judgment

    • Selection of biblical episodes

    • Center on the life and Passion of Christ


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LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION--PLAYS

  • Mystery Plays

    • Written by local clerics—uneven quality

    • Joint ecclesiastical and municipal enterprises

    • The Wakefield Master is recognized as the best author—

      • 2 Shepherds play

      • Part of the Wakefield Cycle (Britannica.com)


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LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION--PLAYS

  • Morality Plays

    • Allegorical dramas

    • Subject not biblical history but “the life history of an individual as typical ‘Humanism Genus’ or ‘Everyman’ (The Oxford Illustrated History of English Literature)

    • Two surviving examples

      • Castle of Perservance--early 15th Century

      • Everyman--translated from the Dutch, early 16th Century

      • (Luminarium)


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MUSIC

  • Chansons

    • Chanson du Roland

  • Ecclessiastical plainsong

  • Minstrels

  • Troubadours


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RECREATION

  • Fighting

  • Football

  • Hunting

  • Jousting

  • Wrestling


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RELIGION

  • High-level overview of progress against schedule

    • On-track in what areas

    • Behind in what areas

    • Ahead in what areas

  • Unexpected delays or issues



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