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Music Since 1945. Intro Part II. Characteristics of post-1945 music. Part I Increased used of 12-tone system Extension of serialism Chance music Minimalist music Frequent use of quotation Part II Return to tonality by some composers Electronic music Use of “noise” Mixed media

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music since 1945

Music Since 1945

Intro Part II

characteristics of post 1945 music
Characteristics of post-1945 music
  • Part I
    • Increased used of 12-tone system
    • Extension of serialism
    • Chance music
    • Minimalist music
    • Frequent use of quotation
  • Part II
    • Return to tonality by some composers
    • Electronic music
    • Use of “noise”
    • Mixed media
    • New concepts of rhythm and form
return to tonality
Return to tonality
  • Composers trained in twelve-tone techniques found tonality to be a fascinating “new” option
  • Some works are tonal, while others are atonal with chord progressions that give a fleeting sense of tonality
  • Could also be looked at as a reaction against serialism
electronic music
Electronic music
  • As varied as non-electronic music
  • Synthesizers, tape, and computers allowed composers to manipulate sound directly
  • Sometimes combined with human performers in a number of ways
    • Human performer accompanied by recording
    • Piece is recording of a person playing
  • Electronic instruments and sampling of instruments becomes common
increased use of noise
Increased use of “noise”
  • Composers begin to use new sounds in composing
  • Sounds can be created using extended techniques
    • Flute player clicking keys
    • Piano player reaching in a plucking piano
  • New notation developed to use these new sounds
  • Composers used microtones in new music, which are intervals smaller than a half step
  • Direction sound is projected becomes important
mixed media
Mixed media
  • Music is presented with visual counterparts
    • Slide projects, light shows, gestures, and theatrical action
  • Composers ask performers to double as actors
  • Intended to break down the traditional concert and increase communication between the composer and audience
new rhythm and forms
New Rhythm and Forms
  • Increased use of unusual and mixed meters
  • Some composers abandon use of meter and rhythm all together, preferring absolute units such as second
  • Form is no longer absolute, and composers allow the piece develop without holding to a rigid structure
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