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H EALTH AND H EALING for the W HOLE P ERSON :. Developing a Wholistic Health Pastoral Care Program for the U.S. Army. D OCTOR of M INISTRY P ASTORAL P ROJECT OBLATE SCHOOL of THEOLOGY Chaplain (Major) John W. Kiser 44 th Medical Command (Airborne) Ft. Bragg, NC.

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HEALTH AND HEALING for the

WHOLE PERSON:

Developing a Wholistic Health

Pastoral Care Program

for the U.S. Army


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DOCTOR of MINISTRY

PASTORAL PROJECT

OBLATE SCHOOL of THEOLOGY

Chaplain (Major) John W. Kiser

44th Medical Command (Airborne)

Ft. Bragg, NC


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CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK:

WHOLISTIC HEALTH and PASTORAL CARE


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DEFINITION of WHOLISTIC HEALTH

“Health, therefore, ought to mean wholeness, or an integration or harmony between body, mind, and spirit, between the individual and others, and between the individual, nature, and God.”

Eric Ram, ed., Transforming Health: Christian Approaches to Healing and Wholeness, 10.


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DEFINITION of HEALING

The Dictionary of Pastoral Care and Counseling wholistically defines healing as:“the process of being restored to bodily wholeness, emotional well-being, mental functioning, and spiritual aliveness.”


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DEFINITION of WHOLISTIC HEALTH CARE

“Wholistic health care . . . is a

model which respects the autonomy

and uniqueness of both medicine and religion while seeking ways in which

they can be not only compatible but complimentary.”

Thomas Droege in Theological Roots of Wholistic Health Care, 43


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LEVELS OF HEALTH

- Physical Health

- Psychological/Emotional Health

- Social/Relational Health

- Spiritual and Religious Health


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WHY WHOLISTIC HEALTH?

Balances a problem in one level of health with the strengthsof the other levels Survive, possibly thrive more than ever before in the midst of serious illness, psychological challenges, and relational or spiritual problems


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RESEARCH on WHOLISTICHEALTH

- Levels of of Health

- Wholistic vs. Holistic

- Chiropractic Health

- Hospice

- Wholistic Health in the Army?

- Implications for Pastoral Care


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PROBLEM STATEMENT

and

PASTORAL CHALLENGE


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PROBLEM STATEMENT

- Stress effects the different levels of health

- Stress can lead to a variety of health problems

- Stress is high in the Army


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PASTORAL CHALLENGE

- There is a sizeable amount of research on the beneficial aspects of Wholistic Health and Medicine in Civilian Studies

- The Army has specialists, but no program for the promotion of the integration of the Whole Person

- Can a model of Wholistic Health be adapted for the Army and for Pastoral Care?


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PASTORAL CONTEXT

Chaplain assigned to the 28th Combat Support Hospital, Ft. Bragg, NC while deployed to Iraq 2003-2004


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THESIS

A pastoral care program promoting wholistic health and healing can improve physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being for Army soldiers and families.


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PASTORAL APPLICATION

Develop a Wholistic Model of Health and Healing for the Army for use in a Pilot Study


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THEOLOGICAL FOUNDATION

REFORMED THEOLOGY

of

WHOLENESS

  • - Concept of SHALOM

  • Creation, the Fall, the Law, Psalms, Proverbs

  • The Life and Miracles of Jesus

  • -Early and Medieval Church views

  • Reformed Theologians: Calvin, Knox, Barth

  • - Presbyterian Confessions and Documents


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DESIGN

of the

PASTORAL

RESEARCH PROJECT


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RESEARCHDESIGN

Qualitative Method

- Case Studies

- Focus Group

- Pilot Study


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DATACOLLECTION METHODS

  • - Individual Interviews for

  • Case Studies and with

  • Subject Matter Experts

    • Small Group Discussions with

    • Focus Group

    • Comment Forms after Programs


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CASESTUDIES

- Five Case Studies developed from interviews with health care professionals assigned to the 28th Combat Support


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FOCUSGROUP

- Assessed the feasibility of a pilot study program promoting wholistic health in pastoral care for the Army

- Brought the unique contributions of different health care disciplines to the table


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PILOT STUDY

- Chapel Programs

- Physician and Nursing Continuing

Education

- Health Promotion Class


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Chapel Programs

Program 1: Overview of Whole Person

Health and Healing

Program 2: The Theology of Whole Person

Health and Healing

Program 3: The Science of Whole

Person Health and Healing

Program 4: Whole Person Health

and Healing in the Army


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Physician and Nursing Continuing Education

Conducted with Physicians and Nurses assigned to the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Iraq, 2003


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Health Promotion Class

Conducted with personnel assigned to the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Iraq, 2003


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RESULTS of the

RESEARCH PROJECT

  • Confirmed the Thesis: a whole person

  • approach to pastoral care can be used

  • in the U.S. Army to improve well-being

  • Greater understanding of the

  • levels of health and the wholistic

  • integration of the levels for pastoral care


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RESULTS (Continued)

  • The pastoral research project showed

  • a need for wholistic pastoral care in the

  • Army and developed programs that

  • address those needs


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Why is Whole Person Health Important?

- The Bible encourages whole person health and healing

- Clinical Research show that Whole Person integration helps in all areas of health

- The Pastoral Research Project qualitatively confirmed these studies


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INTEGRATION of the DIMENSIONS of HEALTH


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Body

Mind

Social

Spirit

INTEGRATION of the DIMENSIONS


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INTEGRATION of the DIMENSIONS

Body

Mind

Spirit

Social


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CONCLUSION

QUESTIONS / DISCUSSION


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