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Floriculture Specialty Arrangements 2134. Heather Dombroski. What this unit covers?. Floral design care of ferns, palms, and other foliage plants Growing plants with the proper amount of light Fluorescent lights/Incandescent lights Proper indoor climate Watering and fertilizing plants

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What this unit covers l.jpg
What this unit covers?

  • Floral design care of ferns, palms, and other foliage plants

  • Growing plants with the proper amount of light

  • Fluorescent lights/Incandescent lights

  • Proper indoor climate

  • Watering and fertilizing plants

  • Soil mixes and soil substitutes

  • The art of potting


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When finished with this unit . . .

You will be able to compare the environment of any room and suggest several types of plants that would conform to the surroundings.


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Floral design care of foliage plants

  • Most flowering plants peak beauty for only short periods, foliage plants are handsome the year around

  • Most kinds are durable, and can stand a wide range of temperatures, moisture and light conditions

  • You'll find sizes, shapes, leaf patterns and colors for practically any decorative scheme in your home


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Lighting

  • Photosynthesis is triggered by light

  • Foliage plants can acclimate to low-light

  • 4 different types of lighting

    • Sunny: at least 5 hrs of direct sunlight in winter

    • Semi-sunny: 2-5 hrs of sun in the winter

    • Shady: no sunlight, shadow

    • Semi-shady: open light, not direct


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Artificial Lighting

  • Fluorescent lights make it possible to have thriving plants in the places where you'll enjoy them most: attic, basement, etc.

  • The best set-up fluorescent unit with reflector installed 12-24 inches above surface of table

  • Three 40-watt tubes and a reflector 13-15 in. wide will light a growing area 2 ft by 4 ft

  • Should burn 14 to 18 hours out of every 24

  • Incandescent light, burned several hours, will help, but it can not replace natural light of fluorescent lighting


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Climate: humidity, temp, moisture

  • Fresh, moist air helps plants thrive indoors

  • Excessive dryness is harmful to plants, etc.

  • House plants grow comfortably in 65-75 degrees

  • The container must have a drain hole

  • Tip burn develops when plants are too dry

  • Relative humidity should range from 55-65 degrees of room temperature


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H2O and plant food

  • With high alkaline it is hard to grow acid loving plants – Use acidic peat moss

  • Growing media should be nicely moist

  • Size of container and season effect watering

  • Zeolite H2O softeners can harm plants

    • Replaces Ca with Na

  • 3 basic elements needed by plants

    • N, K, P every 2-3 weeks during active growing


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Soil Mixes

  • Good potting soil for foundation

  • Two parts garden soil, one part leaf mold and one part sand

  • Plants from the desert need a gritty, lean growing medium

  • Epiphytes grow in osmunda fiber, unshredded sphagnum moss and chipped redwood bark

  • perlite makes a perfect substitute for sand

  • Vermiculite can be used in place of leaf mold


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Potting

  • Pot size comes first

  • General rule is to use a pot half the height or width of the plant you will grow in it

  • A geranium 12 inches tall does well and looks nice in a 6-inch pot

  • Soak new clay pots for several hours


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Any Questions?

With that we can begin cutting and potting.


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