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Digital Society, Ethics, and Globalization. Living Online Freedom of Speech Privacy Issues Ethics and Social Responsibility Globalization Conclusion. Please discontinue use of cell phone and turn off ringer. Chapter 12. Our Connected World.

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Digital Society, Ethics, and Globalization

Living Online

Freedom of Speech

Privacy Issues

Ethics and Social Responsibility

Globalization

Conclusion

Please discontinue use of cell phone and turn off ringer

Chapter 12


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Our Connected World

IBM employees coordinate teams of project workers from around the globe over high-speed network connections in the Global Services Network Center in Boulder, Colorado

Technology supports an increasingly distributed workforce, where portions of product development may be accomplished in different parts of the world.


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12.1 Living Online

Key Terms

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

  • Ergonomics


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Computers and Community

Navigating virtual space and real space simultaneously can lead to problems.

Virtual space is the environment that exists in the mind rather than in physical space.


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Computers and Community

http://www.flashmob.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_mob

Flash mob at the Louvre, Paris in 2004.

A flash mob is organized via Internet and cell phone for the purpose of some public demonstration.


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Health Issues: Keeping a Balance

Ergonomics is the study of the design and positioning of computer equipment for a healthy work environment.

  • Balancing time spent in virtual space with time in real space can avoid health issues:

    • Carpal tunnel syndrome is the aggravation of the pathway for nerves that travel through the wrist.

    • Excessive computer use can lead to stress, and addiction.


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12.2 Freedom of Speech

Key Terms

  • Consumer generated media (CGM)

  • Censorship

  • Content-filtering software


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Challenging the Establishment and Traditional Institutions

Consumer-generated media is challenging and complementing traditional mainstream media.

The Internet has been grasped as a tool to empower those who have traditionally been without a public voice.


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Discussion: Mainstream Media

vs.

Consumer Generated Media

PROS

&

CONS

Dan Rather on http://www.cbsnews.com

A blogger interview also see

http://www.current.tv


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Laws and Censorship

Top 10 Censored Countries

North Korea

Burma

Turkmenistan

Equatorial Guinea

Libya

Eritrea

Cuba

Uzbekistan

Syria

Belarus

Chinese army officer oversees internet usage.

Protestors at Stanford against Google’s compliance with censoring in China.

Censorship is when a government or authority controls speech and other forms of expression.


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Laws and Censorship

Content-filtering software works withthe Web browser to check each Web site for indecent materials (defined by the installer of the software) and only allows “decent” Web pages to be displayed


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Laws and Censorship

U.S. shuts Web site said to reveal nuclear guide

Fri Nov 3, 2006 5:11pm ET

By David Morgan

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Bush administration closed a government Web site set up to publicly display pre-war Iraqi documents on weapons of mass destruction after experts said its content included details for building a nuclear bomb, officials said on Friday.

Dangerous Information: Some information is censored because it is deemed to be dangerous to the public.


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National Security vs. Civil Rights

  • Information Awareness Officehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_Awareness_Office

  • US Patriot Acthttp://www.aclu.org/safefree/resources/17343res20031114.html


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12.3 Privacy Issues

Key Terms

  • Surveillance


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Surveillance Technologies

  • Wiretapping

  • Video Surveillance

  • Audio Surveillance

  • Satellite

  • GPS

  • RFID

  • The Internet/Web

One of thousands of Chicago’s Police Cameras

  • Surveillanceis the close monitoring of behavior.

    • Computer-controlled surveillance technologies combined with ubiquitous networks and powerful information processing systems have made it possible to gather huge quantities of information, video, audio, and communications signals and process them to reveal personal information.


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Surveillance Technologies

liens; deeds; and other sources to develop detailed information about individuals, businesses, and organizations which it then sells to other individuals, businesses, organizations, and even government agencies.

Companies like ChoicePoint collect and combine information from the credit bureaus; public records of numerous local, state, and federal government agencies; telephone records;


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12.4 Ethics and Social Responsibility

Key Terms

  • Ethics

  • Computer Ethics


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Computer Ethics

  • Computer Ethicsdeals with what is generally considered right or wrong in regards to computer use.

    • personal computer ethics are highly subjective except in issues of local, state, and federal law, where ethical issues are clearly defined

    • Professional computer ethics involve the ethical issues faced by professionals in their use of computer systems as part of their jobs.

    • Governmental computer ethics include the added responsibility of guiding the influence of technology on the population.


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Government Computer Ethical Issues

Retailers rethinking Web sites with blind in mind

Tue Oct 24, 2006 11:10am ET

By Angus Loten,

Some online retailers are rethinking their Web sites in light of a recent federal court ruling that says they must be more accessible to the blind.

In a class-action lawsuit filed in Berkeley, Calif., by the National Federation of the Blind, a federal district court judge ruled that the Target online shopping site, which has no audio component, violated the Americans with Disabilities Act and could be sued.

http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/

  • Accessible Computing for the Disabled


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Government Computer Ethical Issues

http://www.weforum.org/en/initiatives/itafe/ITAccessForEveryone

  • Socioeconomic Digital Divides

    • “If humans are to utilize the Internet to build a global community, it is clear that the more affluent “neighborhoods” in this community cannot ignore the needs of the less fortunate.”


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12.5 Globalization

Key Terms

  • Globalization

  • Outsourcing

  • Offshoring


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Globalization

Shanghai, China

  • Globalizationrefers to changes in societies and the world economy resulting from dramatically increased international trade and cultural exchange.

    • The largest contributors to globalization are computers, a global telecommunication infrastructure, and the Internet.


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Globalization

Bangalore, the city at the heart of India's booming information-technology industry

Outsourcingis a business’ use of an outside company to take over portions of its workload.

Offshoringis a business practice that relocates an entire production line to another location, typically in another country, in order to enjoy cheaper labor, lower taxes, and other forms of lower overhead.


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12.6 Conclusion


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The Torch

The torch is technology. The torch is information. The torch is power, freedom, and responsibility. You may take up this torch to propel yourself forward to meet your personal and professional objectives, to achieve more than you ever thought possible, to impact those around you, your government, your culture, and the world. You may take up this torch to propagate negativity, hate, and dissonance. Or, you may leave this torch for someone else to pick up. The choice is yours.


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Chapter 12 Questions?

Don’t forget to turn your phone on!!


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