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Come Into My House. A Bible Study of Hospitality. Hospitality: Then and Now. “The hospitality of today, by which is meant the entertainment of friends or relatives, hardly comes within the Biblical use of the term as denoting a special virtue” (ISBE, Vol. 3, p. 1433). What Is Hospitality?.

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Come Into My House

A Bible Study of Hospitality


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Hospitality: Then and Now

“The hospitality of today, by which is meant the entertainment of friends or relatives, hardly comes within the Biblical use of the term as denoting a special virtue” (ISBE, Vol. 3, p. 1433)


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What Is Hospitality?

  • Hospitality (Latin, hospitium, lodging; hospitale, a house, inn; hospitalia, strangers’ apartments; hospitalis, a guest; hospitare, to receive as a guest; hospes, a host)

  • Hospitality = the friendly and generous entertainment of guests

  • Related words: hospice, hospitable, hospital, host(ess), hostage, hostel(er), hotel


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What Is Hospitality?

  • Xenia = Greek meaning “lodging” (Acts 28:23; Philemon 22)

  • Xenizo = Greek meaning “to entertain; receive as a guest; to lodge” (Acts 10:6,18,23,32; 21:16; 28:7; Heb. 13:2)

  • Xenodokeo = Greek meaning to “lodge [receive] strangers” (1 Tim. 5:10)


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What Is Hospitality?

  • Xenos = Greek meaning “stranger” (Mt. 25:35,38,43,44; Rom. 16:23; 3 Jn. 5)

  • Philoxenia = Greek meaning “love of strangers” (Rom. 12:13; Heb. 13:2)

  • Philoxenos = Greek meaning “to exhibit hospitality” (1 Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:8; 1 Pet. 4:9)


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What Is Hospitality?

  • Philagathos = Greek meaning “lover of good” (Tit. 1:8)

  • Philanthropia = Greek meaning “love toward men” (Acts 28:2)

  • Philanthropos = Greek meaning “love toward men” (Acts 27:3)

  • Philophronos = Greek meaning “courteous” (Acts 28:7)


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What Is Hospitality?

  • Hupolambano = Greek meaning “to receive; welcome; entertain” (3 John 8)

  • Sunago = “take in; receive hospitality” (Mt. 25:35,38,43)


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What Is Hospitality?

  • Meanings conveyed from the original Greek words…

    • Attitude: lover of good, courteous, welcome, generous

    • Action: feed, rest, entertain, lodge, shelter

    • Audience: guest, friend, neighbor, stranger, the poor


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Old Testament Examples

  • Abraham (Gen. 18:1-8)

  • Lot (Gen. 19:1-11; see Judg. 19:22ff)

  • Rebekah (Gen. 24:15-27)

  • Ruel (Ex. 2:16-22)

  • Israelite (Deut. 10:13-19; 15:11)

  • Manoah (Judg. 13:15)

  • Shunamite woman (2 Kings 4:8-13)

  • Nehemiah (Neh. 5:17ff)

  • Job (Job 31:16-23,31-32)

  • Worthy woman (Prov. 31:20)


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Old Testament Examples

  • Why was this provided?

    • Nomadic culture, travel inns were rare

  • What was provided?

    • Bread, water, meat, curds, milk

    • Feet washed, head anointed with oil, rest

    • Animal fodder, water

    • Accommodations, protection, asylum


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New Testament Examples

  • Matthew (Lk. 5:29-32)

  • Good Samaritan (Lk. 10:30-35)

  • Simon the tanner (Acts 10:5-6,23)

  • Cornelius, Lydia & the Jailor (Acts 10:48; 16:15,34,40)

  • Philip & Mnason (Acts 21:8,16)

  • Barbarians & Publius (Acts 28:1-10)

  • Philemon (Philemon 22)

  • Gaius (Rom. 16:23; 3 Jn. 5-8; cf. Lk.10:7)


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New Testament Examples

  • Why was this provided?

    • Persecution scattered Christians

    • Itinerate preachers

    • Poverty, poor public assistance

    • Low standard inns

  • What was provided?

    • Food

    • Care for the body

    • Lodging (Gr. kataluma, inn, guest room; Lk. 2:7; 22:11; pandokion(kus); Lk. 10:34-35)


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Who Is to Be Hospitable?

  • Elders (1 Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:8)

  • Widows (1 Tim. 5:10)

  • All Christians (Mt. 25:35,40; Rom. 12:13; 1 Pet. 4:9; Heb. 13:2)

  • No one is exempt from showing hospitality!

  • Note: The work of hospitality is the work of the individual, not the local church (Acts 2:46; 1 Cor. 11:22,34)


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To Whom is Hospitality Shown?

  • Brethren, one to another (1 Pet. 4:9)

  • Strangers (Heb. 13:2)

  • The poor (Lk. 14:12-14)

  • Note: No social hospitality is shown to the unrepentant Christian (1 Cor. 5:9-13), the idolater (1 Cor. 10:14-22), or the false teachers (2 Jn. 9-11; 1 Jn. 4:1ff)


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How and Where Do We Show Hospitality?

  • Given to (pursuing) hospitality

  • With love (note Rom. 12:9; Heb. 13:1 and 1 Pet. 4:8)

  • Without murmuring, complaining

  • Not looking for a recompense

  • In our home

  • Outside our home (Lk. 10:35; Mt. 25:35-36)


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Why Some Are Not Hospitable

  • Not willing to associate with certain kinds of people (prejudice)

  • Not willing to care for the needs of others (uncompassionate, unloving)

  • Not willing to sacrifice time, money or energy to prepare (selfishness)

  • Not willing to be generous (greedy; Prov. 22:9; Acts 20:35; Eph. 4:28)


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Why Some Are Not Hospitable

  • Not willing to trust anyone (cynical)

  • Not willing to be available and connected with others (disconnected)

    • Personal family ties only

    • Work, school, hobbies, etc.

    • TV, cell phones, IPods, etc.

    • “Life in the fast lane…”


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Helpful Hints of Hospitality

  • Eliminate excuses

    • Can’t cook? Buy it

    • Shy or timid? Have others present

    • Small house? Start with a few

    • Single? Have a mixed group

    • Non-Christian spouse? Go out with others

    • Ashamed? Embarrassed? God sees our heart, not our house


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Helpful Hints of Hospitality

  • Set some goals

    • Plan, purpose, and pray, set dates

    • Create occasions to be hospitable

    • Involve your children

    • Determine to serve all the members here

    • Determine to serve visitors (gospel preacher, non-member visitors, new converts, foreign evangelists)

    • Save up and send money or supplies to poorer brethren in other countries

    • Go when invited by others


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Why Be Hospitable?

  • Fulfill the NT command to be hospitable

  • Provide encouragement, support, needs, refreshment

  • Reflect stewardship

  • Show your faith and love to others (Jas. 2:15)

  • Place yourself in a position of honor later

  • Serve Jesus himself (Mt. 10:40; 25:40; Lk. 24:29-31)

  • Be rewarded in the judgment day (Mt. 25:31-46; Lk. 14:14)


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