Helen m plum memorial library computer classes for beginners basic mouse skills
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Bits and Bytes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Helen M. Plum Memorial Library Computer Classes for Beginners Basic Mouse Skills. Bits and Bytes. 01000001=A 01000010=B 01000011=C. 8 bits=1 byte. 1=ON 0=OFF. K(Kilo)=1024 bytes. The word PLUM is 4 bytes long. MB(Mega)=1,048,576 bytes. GB(Giga)=1,073,741,824 bytes. A floppy is 1.44MB.

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Helen m plum memorial library computer classes for beginners basic mouse skills l.jpg
Helen M. Plum Memorial LibraryComputer Classes for BeginnersBasic Mouse Skills

Bits and bytes l.jpg
Bits and Bytes

01000001=A 01000010=B 01000011=C

8 bits=1 byte

1=ON 0=OFF

K(Kilo)=1024 bytes

The word PLUM is 4 bytes long.

MB(Mega)=1,048,576 bytes

GB(Giga)=1,073,741,824 bytes

A floppy is 1.44MB

A CD-ROM is 650MB

A DVD is 2.6GB

A byte is a single character!

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Central Processing Unit

  • Intel or AMD Microprocessor

  • Memory

  • Hard Drive

“The brains of the computer.”

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The monitor is the main display device for the CPU. It displays the VGA signals that it receives.

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  • Ethernet allows two or more computers or devices to connect and share information. Common uses include:

  • LAN (Local Area Network)

  • DSL Modem – High Speed Internet

  • Cable Modem – High Speed Internet

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The Internet is a world wide network of computers connected in various ways:

  • Common uses:

  • Web Sites

  • Email

  • Data Interchange

  • Voice over IP

  • Sound

  • Video

  • Modems

  • Routers

  • Fiber Optics

  • Satellites

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When you start or restart a computer you are booting the CPU.

Cold Boot – Powering the CPU on.

Warm Boot – Restarting the computer by the reset button, “Ctrl-Alt-Del,” or “Shutdown – Restart.”

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It is vital to the safety of the computer that the system be shutdown properly. Please remember not to just push the power switch when finished using the computer.


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Mouse Terms and Techniques

  • Point

  • Click

  • Double Click

  • Right Click

  • Scroll

  • Drag

  • Drop

  • Highlight

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Windows Terms and Techniques

  • Icons

  • Buttons

  • Desktop

  • Title Bar

  • Minimize

  • Maximize

  • Close

  • Menu Bar

  • Tool Bar

  • Status Bar

  • Start Menu

  • Task Bar

  • Quick Launch

Laboratory l.jpg

Let’s begin by booting the CPU…