Piaget s theory of cognitive development in children
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Piaget s theory of cognitive development in children

Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive DevelopmentIn Children

Presentation By:

Tania Hegar

AdibHegar

Roger Polanco

YoliCus

Catherine Perez


Piaget s background

Piaget’s Background

  • Born: August 9, 1896

  • Died: Sept. 16, 1980

  • Birth Place:

    • Neuchatel, Switzerland

  • Education:

    • Received PhD from University of Neuchatel

  • Married in 1923 to Valentine Chatenay and bore 3 children

  • (Piaget, 1952)


Background

Piaget was interested in the study of knowledge in children.

He administered Binet’s IQ test in Paris and observed that children’s answers were qualitatively different.

Piaget’s theory is based on the idea that the developing child builds cognitive structures (schemes used to understand and respond to physical environment).

He believed the child’s cognitive structure increased with development (Brainerd,1978).

BACKGROUND


Key concepts

KEY CONCEPTS

  • Schemas

  • Assimilation

  • Accommodation

  • Adaptation

  • Equilibration


Piaget s stages of cognitive development

Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

  • Stage 1: Sensorimotor Stage (Birth-2yrs)

  • Stage 2: Preoperational Stage (2-7yrs)

  • Stage 3: Concrete Operations (7-11yrs)

  • Stage 4: Formal Operations (11-on)


Stage 1 sensorimotor stage birth 2yrs

Stage 1: Sensorimotor Stage (Birth-2yrs)

  • Sub- Stage 1 (0-1mo) – Reflexes / Object Permanence

  • Sub- Stage 2 (1-4mos) – Primary Circular Reactions

  • Sub- Stage 3 (4-8mos) – Secondary Circular Reactions

  • Sub- Stage 4 (8-12mos) – Purposeful coordination of secondary schemes

  • Sub- Stage 5 (12-18mos) – Tertiary Circular Reactions

  • Sub- Stage 6 (18-24mos) – Mental Solutions


Stage 2 preoperational stage 2 7yrs

Stage 2: Preoperational Stage (2-7yrs)

  • Use of symbols.

  • Language use matures.

  • Memory and imagination are developed.

  • Thinking in a non-logically nonreversible manner

  • Ego centric thinking predominates


Stage 3 concrete operations 7 11yrs

Stage 3: Concrete Operations (7-11yrs)

  • Conservation

  • Decentering

  • Reversibility

  • Serriation

  • Transitivity

  • Classification

  • Elimination of Egocentrism


Stage 4 formal operations 11 on

Stage 4: Formal Operations (11-on)

  • Deductive logic

  • Abstract thought

  • Problem-solving


Support implications

Support & Implications

  • Among Piaget’s theory strengths are:

  • recognizes of the central role of cognition

  • provides a rich description of children’s thinking

  • tells us about children’s cognitive development in the real world

  • Key Piagetian principles for teaching and learning:

  • Learning is an active process


Piaget

Learning should be whole, authentic, and "real": (constructivist approach)

Acceptance of individual differences in developmental progress

Curricula should include four factors:

allow for the differing rates of maturation of the children;

provide opportunities for the children to act on the physical environment;

provide interaction with one another;

Support & Implications Contd


Support implications contd

Support & Implications Contd

  • 5. allow the children the autonomy to self-regulate through these activities so child will take increasing responsibility for his or her own actions.


Criticisms of piaget

Criticisms of Piaget

  • Problems With Research Methods

  • Problems With Formal Operations

  • Underestimates Children's Abilities

  • Piaget’s Legacy:


References

Brainerd, C. (1978). Piaget’s theory of intelligence. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.

Bybee, R. & Sund, R. (1982). Piaget for educators (2nd Ed.). Columbus, OH: Charles Merrill.

Cherry, K. Background and Key Concepts of Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development. About.com Guide. Retrieved on July 6, 2013 from

http://psychology.about.com/od/piagetstheory/p/piagetcriticism.htm

Piaget, J. (1952). Autobiography. In E. Boring (ed) history of psychology in autobiography (4). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

References


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