Slide1 l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Aggression in Sports PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 769 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Sports / Games

Aggression in Sports. What is the Role of Aggression in Sports?. Intimidation? Getting an edge? Part of the game / part of competition? At what point does it become “too aggressive?”. Definitions. AGGRESSION: a forceful action or procedure, especially when intended to dominate or master

Related searches for Aggression in Sports

Download Presentation

Aggression in Sports

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Slide1 l.jpg

Aggression in Sports


Slide2 l.jpg

What is the Role of Aggression in Sports?

  • Intimidation?

  • Getting an edge?

  • Part of the game / part of competition?

  • At what point does it become “too aggressive?”


Slide3 l.jpg

Definitions

AGGRESSION:

a forceful action or procedure, especially when intended to dominate or master

Etymology: from aggredi -- “to attack”

Must be aimed at another human being with the goal of inflicting physical or psychological harm


Slide5 l.jpg

Is this hostile aggression, instrumental aggression or sport assertiveness??


Slide6 l.jpg

Is this hostile aggression, instrumental aggression or sport assertiveness??


Slide7 l.jpg

Is this hostile aggression, instrumental aggression or sport assertiveness??


Slide8 l.jpg

Hostile aggression, instrumental aggression or sport assertiveness...

How to determine...

It is clear that it depends on the intent of the action...


Why are athletes aggressive theories of aggression l.jpg

Why are athletes aggressive?Theories of Aggression


Instinct theory l.jpg

Instinct Theory

  • Aggression viewed as an inborn drive

    • Freudian theory

    • Ethological viewpoint: Animals, including humans, are innately aggressive

      • Konrad Lorenz (1966) -- “The main function of sports lies in the cathartic discharge of aggressive urge.”

    • Catharsis -- sports seen as a socially acceptable way to discharge aggression


Is athletic participation cathartic l.jpg

Is athletic participation “cathartic?”

Does hitting someone hard release “pent-up” aggressive urges?

  • Research generally does NOT support the catharsis theory

    • aggression increases over the course of a game

    • watching violence is not cathartic (e.g., t.v. violence)

    • aggression begets aggression


Frustration aggression theory l.jpg

Frustration-Aggression Theory

  • Aggression viewed as a response to frustration

    • A variation of the catharsis theory

    • Frustration can lead to a variety of responses (e.g., aggression, increased effort, quitting)

    • Anger + Stress physiology (positive feedback loop)


Social learning theory l.jpg

Social Learning Theory

  • Aggression viewed as a learned behavior

    • Modeling in sports (e.g., young athletes watching aggressive play)

    • Strong learning occurs when aggressive play is seen as successful and portrayed as justifiable

    • Aggressive play is reinforced (receiving praise from coaches, parents, peers)


Sport specific factors l.jpg

Sport-Specific factors

  • Aggression influenced by:

    • Reciprocity (we respond to being “attacked”)

    • Rivalries (“territorial?”) and “Protection” of teammates

    • Drug use (e.g., steroids, alcohol)

    • Sports equipment as “weapon” (e.g., hockey stick, helmets)

    • Athletic environment (e.g., a crowded, noisy, hot gym; obnoxious fans)

      • Study of hit batters and temperature


Sport specific factors15 l.jpg

Sport-Specific factors

  • Aggression influenced by:

    • Taunting

    • Nature of the game (contact)

    • Inconsistent officiating (leading to frustration)

    • Media effects

      • Does the sports media glorify / exaggerate violence?

      • What do fans want to see? (e.g., ESPN highlights)


Reducing excessive aggression and violence l.jpg

Reducing Excessive Aggression and Violence

  • Punishments for overly aggressive/violent play must have greater punitive value

  • Emphasize fair play code-of-conduct

  • Athletes/coaches should agree on what is ok and what is not -- heavy penalties should be imposed when inappropriate behavior occurs

  • Media must place in proper perspective the isolated incidents of aggression rather than making them highlights


Reducing aggression and violence in sports l.jpg

Reducing Aggression and Violence in Sports

  • Coaches and referees should be encouraged to attend in-service workshops for dealing with aggression/violence on the part of players

  • Reduce (ban?) use of alcoholic beverages at sporting events


  • Login