The World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The World. Africa (physical features). Africa (population density). Africa (climate). Languages of the World. Language Groups of Africa. Bantu languages – Southern Africa (400 languages, 100 million speakers).

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The World

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The world l.jpg

The World

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Africa(physical features)

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Africa(population density)

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Languages of the World

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Language Groups of Africa

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Bantu languages – Southern Africa(400 languages, 100 million speakers)

LanguageApprox. # of speakersMain geographic areaFang560 000Cameroon, GabonBoulouCameroonEwondoCameroonDouala400 000CameroonBamileke2 millionCameroonLuva6.3 millionCongo-KinshasaTshiluba6 millionCongo-KinshasaLingala8 millionCentral African Republic,Congo-Brazzaville,Congo-KinshasaKikongo6 millionAngola, Congo-Brazzaville,Congo-KinshasaKituba5 millionCongo (South)Luganda4 millionUgandaMakouaUgandaKinyarwanda-Kirundi15 millionRwanda, Burundi

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Bantu languages – Southern Africa(cont’d)

LanguageApprox. # of speakersMain geographic areaSwahili30 millionTanzania, Kenya,Uganda, Congo DR, Rwanda, BurundiKikouyou4.6 millionKenyaSukumaTanzaniaBembaZambiaNyanja (chewa, chinyanja) 3.2 millionMalawi, ZambiaKimbundu3 millionAngolaUmbundu4 millionAngolaShona10 millionMozambique, Zambia,ZimbabweSotho3.5 millionSouth AfricaTswana3 millionSouth Africa, BotswanaZulu5 millionSouth AfricaNdebele1 millionZimbabwe, South AfricaXhosa4 millionSouth AfricaComorian languages900 000Comoros

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  • AfarEthiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia

  • AmharaCentral highland plateau of Ethiopia

  • Anlo-EweSE corner of Ghana

  • AshantiCentral Ghana

  • BakongoAtlantic coast of Africa from Pointe-Noire,Republic of Congo to Luanda, Angola

  • BambaraMali

  • BembaNE Zambia

  • BerberMorocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt

  • BoboW Burkina Faso, Mali

  • ChewaZambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi

  • DogonSE Mali, Burkina Faso

  • FonBenin

  • FulaniWest Africa

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  • IboNigeria

  • KikuyuKenya

  • MandinkaSenegal, The Gambia, Mali, Guinea-Bissau,Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire

  • MasaiEast Africa

  • PygmyDemocratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon,Gabon, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Republic of Congo

  • SamburuKenya

  • SanKalahari Desert in southern Africa

  • SenufoN Cote d’Ivoire, Mali

  • TuaregN Mali

  • WolofSenegal

  • YorubaSW Nigeria, Benin

  • ZuluSouth Africa  

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African Tribal Groups (1929)

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West African Tribes

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More African Tribal Groups

West Central Africa (Congo River Basin)

East Africa (Tanzania)

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Mineral Reserves (South Africa)

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Benin (West Africa)

Tribal groups


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General African Music Traits

  • Emphasis on Rhythm

  • Use of Percussion

  • Density of Timbre (“buzzy sound”)

  • Use of Ostinato

  • Use of interlocking parts

  • Call and Response

  • Controlled Improvisation

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