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Sound. Pitch: (high and low) Corresponds to size! Dynamics: (loud, soft) Forte ( f) Mezzo Forte ( mf) Mezzo Piano ( mp) Piano ( p) Timbre/Tone Color: (bright, dark, mellow, harsh, etc.) Abstract descriptions for what you are hearing. Sound. Standard Choral Voices

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Sound' - Roberta


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Sound l.jpg

Sound

Pitch: (high and low)

Corresponds to size!

Dynamics: (loud, soft)

Forte (f)

Mezzo Forte (mf)

Mezzo Piano (mp)

Piano (p)

Timbre/Tone Color: (bright, dark, mellow, harsh, etc.)

Abstract descriptions for what you are hearing


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Sound

Standard Choral Voices

soprano, alto, tenor, bass

Standard Orchestra Instrumentation

String (violin, viola, cello, bass)

Woodwind (flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon)

Brass (trumpet, french horn, trombone, tuba)

Percussion (timpani, drums, mallet keyboards)

Other

Keyboard (piano, organ, harpsichord)

Jazz Instruments (saxophone, drumset)


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Rhythm and Melody

  • Beat (pulse)

    - Meter (duple, triple)

    - Tempo (fast, slow)

  • Melody:

    • Theme (main idea)

  • Musical terms to describe:

    • Articulation (legato, staccato)

    • Accents

    • Syncopation


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Harmony

  • Consonance & Dissonance

    • A relationship between two notes (interval) is either stable or unstable

    • Unstable (dissonant) intervals resolve to stable (consonant) intervals


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Key

  • Tonal:

    • Called “functional”

    • Every chord has a function: going back to the Tonal Center

    • Can be Major or minor scale

  • Atonal

    • Chromatic, no tonal scale

      Music history is all about moving from functional tonality towards Atonality!


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Texture

  • Texture

    • Monophonic (single line)

    • Homophonic (one line, accompanied)

    • Polyphonic (2 or more equal lines)


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Form

  • The shape and structure of a piece of music

  • Most music is divided into sections

    • New sections defined by harmony and/or melody

    • Older musical ideas return often

    • Some large pieces are broken into movements, which are also broken into sections


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Genre

  • The Form and/or instrumentation defines the genre of a piece of music:

  • Symphony (Orchestra)

  • Concerto (Soloist with orchestra)

  • Chamber Music (Small ensemble)

    • String Quartet

    • Woodwind Quintet

    • Brass Quintet

  • Sonata (Solo instrumental music)

  • Art Song (Solo voice with piano)

  • Opera (Music with vocal storytelling <staged>)

  • Ballet (Music with dancing)


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Historical Eras

  • Middle Ages (450-1450)

  • Renaissance (1450-1600)

  • Baroque (1600-1750)

  • Classical (1750-1800ish)

  • Romantic (1800-1900)

  • 20th Century (1900-2000)

    - Often divided into two halves (1900-1945)

    - 1945-present = modern music


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