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2006 IPCC Guidelines: The New Sector “Industrial Processes & Product Use (IPPU)”. Bonn, 18 May 2006 Maritim Hotel Side-Event at SB24 on “2006 Guidelines” Dr. Jochen Harnisch, Ecofys GmbH Coordinating Lead Author. Outline. Structure and new gases Highlights from the chapters Questions

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2006 ipcc guidelines the new sector industrial processes product use ippu l.jpg

2006 IPCC Guidelines: The New Sector “Industrial Processes & Product Use (IPPU)”

Bonn, 18 May 2006

Maritim Hotel

Side-Event at SB24 on “2006 Guidelines”

Dr. Jochen Harnisch, Ecofys GmbH

Coordinating Lead Author


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Outline

  • Structure and new gases

  • Highlights from the chapters

  • Questions

  • Conclusions


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IPPU Volume Structure

  • Chapter 1 Introduction

  • Chapter 2 Mineral Industry Emissions

  • Chapter 3 Chemical Industry Emissions

  • Chapter 4 Metal Industry Emissions

  • Chapter 5 Non-Energy Products from Fuels & Solvent Use

  • Chapter 6 Electronics Industry Emissions

  • Chapter 7 Emissions of Fluorinated Substitutes for ODS

  • Chapter 8 Other Product Manufacture and Use

  • Annex 1 Worksheets

  • Annex 2 Potential Emissions

  • Annex 3 Improvements since 1996

  • Annex 4 Glossary for IPPU Sector


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List of Gases Covered by IPPU

  • Carbon Dioxide

  • Methane

  • Nitrous Oxide

  • Sulphur Hexafluoride

  • Hydrofluorocarbons (TAR, non-TAR)

  • Perfluorocarbons (TAR, non-TAR)

  • Nitrogen Trifluoride (TAR)

  • Trifluoromethyl Sulfur Pentafluoride (TAR)

  • Halogenated Ethers (TAR, non-TAR)

  • Other Halocarbons (TAR, non-TAR)


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Chapter 2: Mineral Industry

  • Consistent approach based on carbonate content of inputs for all source

  • Guidance to report emissions from carbonates where they occur

  • Inclusion of new guidance for other carbonates

  • Guidance on clays in ceramics industry


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Chapter 3: Chemical Industry

  • New sources:

    - N2O emissions from production of caprolactam, glyoxal, and glyoxylic acid

    - CO2 emission from production of titanium dioxide

    - Separation of CO2 from urea use and production

    - CO2 from various petrochemical processes

    - Expanded method for HFC-23 and consideration of other fluorinated by-products


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Chapter 4: Metal Industry

  • Added guidance on emissions from zinc and lead production

  • Greatly improved guidance on production of ferroalloys

  • Detailed treatment of different production routes for iron and steel including DRI and metallurgical coke (Emissions from metallurgical coke should be reported under Energy Sector.)


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Chapter 5: Non-Energy Products from Fuels and Solvent Use

  • Inclusion previously separate chapter on solvent use

  • Consideration of use of fuels as lubricants, paraffin waxes, bitumen/asphalt and solvents

  • Focusses on direct CO2 emissions


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Chapter 6: Electronics Industry

  • Added guidance on production of PV cells, LCD and heat transfer fluids

  • Inclusion of new gases applied in the industry

  • Update of emission factors – including treatment of abatement

  • Inclusion of a new tier 1 method providing emission factors & activity data


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Chapter 7: Fluorinated Substitutes for ODS

  • Tier 1 approach on “actual emissions” (“potential emissions” approach is no longer considered appropriate [see Annex 2])”

  • Reference to regional/global data bases for activity data

  • Preparation of use of EFDB as depository also for activity data


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Chapter 8: Other Product Manufacture and Use

SF6 from electrical equipment:

- Replacement of three parallel Tier 3 mass balance methods by one flexible method

  • New tier 1 emission factors for regions and technologies

    Addition of other sources: e.g. nuclear fuel cycle and military applications


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Questions and Answers

  • Imposing undue effort on countries in requesting reporting of new sources and new gases?

  • 2006 IPCC Guidelines provide methods for estimation of GHG emissions for as wide a range of gases and sources based on up-to-date knowledge available. COP to decide on reporting.

  • New boundary problems between Energy and IPPU?

  • Potentially yes, but discretion for countries remains and no other way to integrate bottom-up data e.g. from emission trading schemes & corporate reporting

  • Too many industry experts with vested interests involved e.g. in CDM projects or emissions trading?

     IPCC procedures including review & strong co-chairs/SG/CLAs provided a counter-balance


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Conclusions

  • Dynamic sector with rapid technological change

  • Strong participation from industry: good access to sector knowledge but safeguards against lobbying required

  • Policies and voluntary actions already show an impact on emissions from several sources

  • Rapid expansion of knowledge about sources and gases since 1996/2000, including emission trading schemes and voluntary reporting

  • Wealth of information on new sources of immeadiate benefit to inventory compilers

  • Greatly improved user-friendliness – many simplifictations including new tier 1 methods


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Thank you for your attention!

Dr. Jochen Harnisch

Ecofys Germany

[email protected]

phone: +49 911-994358-12

fax: +49 911-994358-11


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