Module One. Discovering Psychology. What is Psychology?. Psychology the systematic, scientific study of behaviors and mental processes Four Goals of Psychology Describe Explain Predict Control. GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY. Describe
Four Goals of Psychology
Focus on how genes, hormones and nervous system interact with one’s environment.
Examples how we process, store, and use information and how this information influences what we attend to, perceive, learn, remember, believe, and feel.
How organisms learn new behavior or modify existing ones, depending on whether events in their environment reward or punish those behaviors.
Stresses the influences of unconscious fears, desires and motivations on thoughts, behaviors and development of personality traits and psychological problems later in life.
Emphasizes that each individual has great freedom in directing his or her future, a large capacity for personal growth.
Examines the influence of cultural and ethnic similarities and differences on psychological and social functioning of a culture’s member.
Psychology & Science
Researchers use all three methods
Each method provides a different kind of information
Rule 1: Ask
Rule 2: Identify
Rule 3: Choose
Rule 4: Assign
Rule 5: Manipulate
Rule 6: Measure
Rule 7: Analyze
includes explaining the purpose and method of the experiment, asking the participant their feelings about being participants in the experiment, and helping the participants deal with possible doubt or guilt that arise from their behavior in the experiment